Volume 12, Issue 2, February 2024 Edition - GSJ Journal Publication

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PRODUCTIVITY AND CATCH COMPOSITION OF THE PAYANG FISHING FLEET IN THE PALABUHANRATU ARCHIPELAGO FISHING PORT, SUKABUMI, IN-DONESIA []


Payang is known as a traditional fishing gear from the trawl group which is operated in the water column and targets pelagic fish as its catch target. Payang fisheries can be found widely in Indonesia, one of which is at the Palabuhanratu Archipelago Fishing Port, Suka-bumi. In this research we tried to assess the productivity and catch composition of the payang fleet that landed fish at the Palabuhanratu Archipelago Fishing Port. Catch productivity is approximated by the average number of catches landed in each fishing trip. Data on catches and the number of fishing trips were collected for the last ten years from 2013 to 2022. We found that the productivity value of the payang fleet has consistently increased over the previous ten years. The average increase in productivity is known to be 15.7% per year. The payang fleet is known to obtain more than 24 caught species that have economic value. The compo-sition of the catches of the payang fleet shows bullet tuna (Auxis rochei), moonfish (Mene maculata), and common ponyfish (Leiog-nathus equula) as fisheries commodities that always dominate and are obtained every year.


THE INFLUENCE OF EMPLOYEE BEHAVIOR AND ORGANIZATION ON OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY CULTURE THROUGH THE MEDIATION OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY LEADERSHIP IN PT. MODA RAYA TERPADU: A CONCEPTUAL MODEL []


PT. MRT has conducted a measurement of the Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) culture for employees in 2022 and has received sev-eral awards, such as a 4-star (Gold) rating from the World Safety Organization (WSO) Indonesia on WISCA 2022. PT. MRT currently reached a proactive level on OHS culture implementation, which is the second-best rank after the generative level. Factors that need im-provement in the implementation of OHS include employee behavior, organizational factors, and leadership as a mediator. This quantita-tive study aims to examine the influence of employee behavior and organization on OHS culture, mediated by OHS leadership.


THE INFLUENCE OF KNOWLEDGE SHARING AND COMPETENCE ON CAREER DEVELOPMENT WITH THE MEDIATING VARIABLE OF WORK PERFORMANCE AT THE NATIONAL LIBRARY OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA: A CONCEPTUAL MODEL []


The culture of knowledge sharing between librarians in the National Library of Indonesia has not been well-established, and the full support for librarian career development is lacking from leadership and the organization. Moreover, the lack of human resources and the limited opening hours, especially into the evening, result in a decline in librarian performance indicators and may hinder librarian career development. This situation has led to a lack of motivation among librarians to develop their potential. This quantitative study aims to examine the influence of knowledge sharing and competence on career development, mediated by work performance.


THE EFFECTS OF INDIVIDUAL CHARACTERISTICS AND ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT ON EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE WITH JOB SATISFACTION AS THE MEDIATOR IN THE HUMAN AND PUBLIC RESOURCES BUREAU OF THE NATIONAL LIBRARY OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA []


The National Library of the Republic of Indonesia is a non-ministerial government institution that carries out government duties in the library sector; it functions as a library builder, reference library, deposit library, research library preservation library, and library networking center and is domiciled in the State capital. The increasing number of visits to the National Library of the Republic of Indonesia must be accompanied by an increase in the performance of the National Library of the Republic employees. This study aims to determine individual characteristics and organizational commitment to employee performance, with job satisfaction as the mediator variable. This paper proposes a conceptual model for declining performance improvement, accompanied by a literature review, hypotheses, and research methodology. The implementation of this paper can provide information about the effect of individual characteristics and organizational commitment on employee performance, with job satisfaction as the mediator variable on the biro of human and general resources of the National Library of the Republic of Indonesia.


THE EFFECTS OF INSTAGRAM USAGE AND LIBRARY PROMOTION ON THE LIBRARY USER LOYALTY WITH THE MEDIATING VARIABLE OF SATISFACTION OF LIBRARY USERS AT THE NATIONAL LIBRARY OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA []


This study uses a quantitative approach to develop a conceptual model that addresses the influence of Instagram usage and library promotion on user loyalty. The research focuses on exploring the role of library satisfaction as a mediator in the relationship between Instagram usage, library promotion, and library loyalty. This research was conducted at the National Library of the Republic of Indonesia. Quantitative research methods were used to collect and analyze data from respondents involved in library usage. The results of this study contribute to understanding the impact of Instagram usage and library promotion on user loyalty, as well as highlighting the significant role of user satisfaction as a mediator in the relationship. The research provides a more holistic and in-depth view of library marketing strategies, particularly involving social media such as Instagram, to increase library user loyalty. This study guides libraries in designing effective promotional strategies to maintain and increase library user loyalty.


THE EFFECTS OF WORK ENVIRONMENT AND WORK DISCIPLINE ON JOB SATISAFCTION AND THE IMPACT ON EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE AT THE LIBRARY ANALYSIS CENTRE AND READING CULTURE DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL LIBRARY OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA []


The National Library of Indonesia is a vital institution supporting science and technology development; therefore, improving employee performance is necessary. This paper is intended to develop a conceptual model to determine the influence of the work environment and work discipline on job satisfaction and its impact on employee performance. This paper proposes the influence of related elements, along with a literature review, conceptual model, hypotheses, and research methodology. So, it is implemented in the form of information regarding the effects of the work environment and work discipline on job satisfaction and employee performance at the Library Analysis Centre and Reading Culture Development National Library of the Republic of Indonesia.


ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECTS OF LEADERSHIP STYLE AND COMMUNICATION ON EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE WITH WORK MOTIVATION AS A MEDIATING VARIABLE IN THE NATIONAL LIBRARY OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA []


This study uses quantitative research methods to develop a conceptual model to evaluate the effect of leadership style and communication on employee performance, with work motivation as a mediating variable. This research was conducted at the National Library of the Republic of Indonesia, involving employees as respondents. Data collection was conducted through a survey by distributing questionnaires that had been prepared based on leadership style, communication, work motivation, and employee performance. The results of quantitative data analysis using statistical methods will provide an overview of how leadership style and communication affect employee performance and how work motivation acts as a mediator in the relationship. This research is expected to contribute to further understanding of the factors that influence employee performance within the National Library of the Republic of Indonesia, as well as provide recommendations for improving the effectiveness of leadership, communication, and work motivation in the context of library institutions.


THE EFFECT OF STRATEGIC POSITION AND LIBRARY PROMOTION THROUGH SOCIAL MEDIA ON LIBRARY USER LOYALTY BY MEDIATION OF LIBRARY SATISFACTION AT THE INDONESIAN NATIONAL LIBRARY []


The National Library of Indonesia is a national-scale library providing printed and recorded works for public use. Realizing the vital function of libraries, the Indonesian government built the National Library of the Republic of Indonesia, strategically located in an elite environment, namely in the center of government in the national monument area. This paper intends to develop a conceptual model to determine the effect of strategic position and library promotion through social media on library user loyalty by mediating library satisfaction. This paper proposes a conceptual model for decreasing library user loyalty and a literature review, hypotheses, and research methodology. This paper aims to provide a deeper understanding of the factors that play a role in forming user loyalty toward libraries to help libraries improve the quality of their services.


THE EFFECTS OF LEADERSHIP AND MOTIVATION ON WORK PERFORMANCE WITH JOB SATISFACTION AS A MEDIATOR AT THE DIRECTORATE OF DEPOSIT & COLLECTION DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL LIBRARY OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA []


The Directorate of Deposit & Collection Development is one of the departments that has a vital role in the National Library of the Republic of Indonesia. So, this research was conducted to determine the conceptual model to determine the influence of leadership and motivation on job satisfaction, which will later become a mediator in achieving employee performance. This paper contains several things, including research background, literature review, conceptual model, hypothesis, and research methodology. This research aims to explain how leadership and motivation can influence job satisfaction and its impact on employee performance at the Directorate of Deposit & Collection Development of the National Library of the Republic of Indonesia.


THE EFFECTS OF THE USE OF AUTOMATIC BOOK TRANSPORTATION (TELELIFT) AND THE QUALITY OF LIBRARIAN SERVICES ON USER LOYALTY BY MEDIATING USER SATISFACTION IN CLOSED MONOGRAPH SERVICES OF THE NATIONAL LIBRARY OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA []


The National Library of Indonesia is a non-ministerial government institution that provides printed and recorded works for public interest. It functions as a supervisory, reference, deposit, research, and preservation library and is domiciled in Jakarta. The library has installed a Telelift to reduce workload and prevent book damage, saving time and enhancing the library’s image. However, network disruptions, lack of technicians, and limited support for closed monograft services can disrupt service. These issues negatively impact user satisfaction, as shown in the user satisfaction study report, which decreased from 3.76 to 3.53 in 2020-2022. This paper aims to discuss the effect of the use of automatic book transportation (Telelift) and the quality of librarian services on user loyalty by mediating user satisfaction with closed monograph services of the National Library of Indonesia.


THE INFLUENCE OF WORK CULTURE AND MOTIVATION ON THE PERFORMANCE OF LIBRARIANS / EMPLOYEES WITH JOB SATISFACTION MEDIATION AT PROCESSING CENTER FOR THE LIBRARY MATERIALS OF THE NATIONAL LIBRARY OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA []


Science and technology are crucial for a nation's progress; mastering them is critical to success. To encourage reading, the government should provide libraries that bridge the nation to master science and technology. Libraries should be magnificent buildings and provide a complete collection of written and recorded works, providing good service for easy access and satisfaction for librarians and users. The National Library of the Republic of Indonesia is a governmental institution that serves as a building, reference, and deposit library. With growing interest in research and intellectual/artistic works, more librarians visit the library to use its collections. The government recognizes the need to improve library performance to ensure satisfaction for both librarians and users. The leadership of the National Library of Indonesia should provide performance benefits, transportation benefits, and opportunities for self-development through education and training. A work culture encompassing values, norms, and guidelines should be established, with supervision and construction by the Head of the Field. In conclusion, the National Library of the Republic of Indonesia is vital in promoting scientific progress and fostering a positive work culture among its staff. This paper examines the influence of work culture and motivation on librarians' performance and satisfaction at the library material processing center.


THE INFLUENCE OF LIBRARY COLLECTION MANAGEMENT (INLIS APPLICATION) AND LIBRARIAN SERVICES QUALITY ON USER LOYALTY WITH MEDIATION OF USER SATISFACTION AT NATIONAL LIBRARY OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA []


The National Library is pivotal in fostering literacy and enriching learning experiences. With 119 National Library members, this study used SPSS for data analysis. Findings reveal that Library Collection Management (INLIS Application) and Librarian Service Quality significantly influence User Satisfaction and Loyalty. User Satisfaction mediates these relationships, emphasizing its role in enhancing User Loyalty. Improving collection management and service quality can elevate user satisfaction, fostering stronger user loyalty. These insights inform strategies for the National Library to enhance services and collections, aligning with national literacy goals.


THE EFFECTS OF PLACEMENT AND MOTIVATION ON EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE BY MEDIATING EMPLOYEE SATISFACTION AT THE CENTER FOR LIBRARY INFORMATION SERVICES AND MANUSCRIPT MANAGEMENT OF THE NUSANTARA NATIONAL LIBRARY OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA []


The National Library of the Republic of Indonesia was established based on Undang-Undang number 43 of 2007 and is dedicated to promoting science and technology. The performance of its employees is a priority, but problems arise due to placements that need to align with their educational background, work experience, or interests. This placement can lead to laziness, disinterest, increased absenteeism, and conflict between superiors and staff. To improve employee performance, libraries should provide placements aligned with their educational background, work experience, and interests, fostering a harmonious work environment. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between placement and motivation to performance, incorporating satisfaction as an intermediary factor. The population in this study is librarians at the PUJASINTARA National Library of the Republic of Indonesia, Jakarta, with a total of 75 (seventy-five) people. The sample in this study was at the National Library Service Center of the National Library of the Republic of Indonesia; this study used saturated samples. Data collection was carried out using a 5-point Likert scale questionnaire. This study was tested for validity, reliability, and assumptions of path analysis using SPSS software, and the results were analyzed using path analysis and the same software. The results showed a positive relationship between placement and motivation for performance, and satisfaction acts as an intermediary factor.


THE EFFECTS OF LEADERSHIP STYLE AND MOTIVATION ON EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE WITH JOB SATISFACTION AS THE MEDIATOR []


The National Library of the Republic of Indonesia is an important national library institution in improving employee performance. An effective leadership style is essential to achieving the vision and mission of the organization, motivating and supporting positive change. Research is needed to identify effective library leadership styles that can provide encouragement and direction. Work motivation is also crucial for improving employee performance, and understanding the factors that influence motivation is essential to providing fair incentives and rewards. This study aims to investigate the correlation between leadership style and work motivation to performance while taking job satisfaction as an intermediary element that plays a vital role in this relationship. The study used a saturated sample method, meaning that all members of the population who met the inclusion criteria were included in the study as a sample. The population is 170 employees working in the central secretariat unit of the National Library of the Republic of Indonesia, Jakarta. Data collection was carried out using a 5-point Likert scale questionnaire. This study was tested for validity, reliability, and assumptions of path analysis using SPSS software, and the results were analyzed using path analysis and the same software. The results showed that leadership style and motivation positively affected employee performance.


THE INFLUENCE OF LIBRARY STRATEGY POSITIONING AND LIBRARIAN SERVICE QUALITY ON USER LOYALTY WITH THE MEDIATION OF LIBRARY USER SATISFACTION AT THE NATIONAL LIBRARY OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA []


ABSTRACT The research aims to develop a conceptual model that evaluates the influence of the strategic position of the library and the quality of library services on the publishers' loyalty, with the satisfaction of the publisher as a mediator in the environment of the National Library of the Republic of Indonesia. The research method used is quantitative, focusing on the development of conceptual models to determine the positive impact of a library's strategic position on the loyalties of librarians, with the satisfaction of library user satisfaction acting as a mediator. This document covers research backgrounds, literature reviews, conceptual models, hypotheses, and research methodologies. Implementing this research is expected to provide in-depth insight into the relationship between these factors in the context of national libraries. KeyWords Conceptual Model, Strategy Position, Librarian Service Quality, User Loyalty, Library User Satisfaction


INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCEMENTS IN SUPERVISORY MANAGEMENT: ENHANCING TEACHING AND LEARNING PROCESSES []


This study explores the nexus between technological advancements and education, affirming Gerard Teves's emphasis on the enduring significance of human involvement in teaching and learning. It argues that technology should augment rather than replace teachers, with its effectiveness contingent upon the quality of teacher training. As education adapts to embrace shorter, more relevant content, aligned with students' needs, the study aims to evaluate teachers' proficiency in utilizing computer productivity tools to enhance the teaching-learning process. The research begins by profiling respondents, focusing on demographic characteristics and prior computer training. Predominantly female, the majority of respondents hold Bachelor of Elementary Education degrees, with a significant portion having undergone computer-related training. Subsequently, the study meticulously assesses teachers' competency in various computer productivity tools, including basic operations, file management, and proficiency in Microsoft Office applications. Findings reveal a generally high level of proficiency in basic computer operations and file management, but highlight areas for improvement, particularly in system maintenance and security. Challenges such as unstable internet connectivity and limited access to essential resources are identified as significant barriers to effective integration of technology in the classroom. The study underscores the importance of ongoing professional development for teachers, advocating for continuous training to enhance technological proficiency and adapt to evolving educational paradigms. Recommendations include encouraging further education and training opportunities, improving system maintenance and security protocols, and advocating for better access to essential resources. In conclusion, the study emphasizes the indispensable role of teachers in leveraging technology to enrich the teaching-learning experience. It calls for concerted efforts to support teachers' professional development and address the challenges hindering effective integration of technology in educational settings Keywords: Classroom Technology, Digital Learning, Educational Technology, Integration of Technology, Pedagogical Innovation, Supervisory Management, Teacher Proficiency, Teacher Training, Teaching-Learning Processes, and Technological Advancements


EFFECT OF SCHOOL FEEDING PROGRAM ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PUBLIC PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS’ IN E.P NGARA AND E.P TABA IN GASABO DISTRICT, RWANDA (2020-2022) []


ABSTRACT This study aims at investigating the effect of school feeding program on academic performance of public primary school pupils’ in E.P Ngara and E.P Taba in Gasabo District, Rwanda (2020-2022). The school feeding program has been one of the best strategies for enhancing the students’ academic performance in public primary schools since 2014. The study employed 333 participants sampled from 2 schools in Gasabo district. Among them 163 were males while 170 were females. The study used a correlation and descriptive design. The demographic variables were reported by using frequencies and percentages while the descriptive questions were analyzed by using mean and standard deviation tools of STATA. The relationships between variables were studied by using Pair wise correlation whereas the predictive model was reported by analyzing regression tools of STATA. The results showed the high perception of respondents on School feeding program (M = 4.16; Std. D = 0.32). The same respondents scored high perception on Students’ academic performance (M = 4.0; Std. D = 0.36). The study demonstrated a strong positive correlation between School feeding program and Students’ academic performance (r = .564**, N = 333, P = .007). Finally, the regression analysis results showed that School feeding program predicts the Students’ academic performance at the level of 56.4% of variance. From those findings, the study recommends for future researchers to study other factors that contribute to the performance of students such as the teacher and staff morale, gender disparities, and long-term impact on the school feeding program.


Impact Assessment of Air Pollution Aspects on Street Vendors in Urban Cluster of Kathmandu City []


Abstract Air pollution has led to significant health problems affecting millions of people. It has frequently been demonstrated to be a severe issue as the hawkers have to stay several hours a day on the roadside with heavy traffic flow, resulting in high exposure to air pollutants. The high intensity of exposure rate resulted in higher health risks to varied diseases with a lack of appropriate adaptive measures. Across-sectional study was conductedamong207 streethawkers at alength of 1.79 km, including the main road and link road of 100m around the Gongabun metro-bus park sector. Primary survey datawascollectedbya structuredquestionnaire. Data wasanalyzed with the SPSS package and Microsoft Excel tool. Many of the hawkers (95.7%) had knowledge about air pollution and its causes, but the level of practice needed to be improved. There was no significant relationship between knowledge and practices (p-0.485 and p-0.626). It was inferred that street hawkers’ knowledge had not been transformed into their behavioral practice. There was a significant relationship (p-value 0.038) between exposure period and diseases. Most hawkers (51.7%) had health issues related to air pollution. Out of 207 sampled hawkers, only118 wear masks, and others have not adopted any measures for their protection. Health problems were observed even in mask users due to the poor quality of masks. The findings suggest that awareness concerning personal protective equipment (PPE), such as mask use, needs to be delivered among street hawkers with the support of the local government and private sectors. An air quality monitoring station must be installedin bus park premises to monitor air quality effectively. Keywords: Pollution, Hawkers, Respiratory disease, Monitoring


Effect of physiological stress induced by dexamethasone on differential white blood cell count, intestinal permeability and immune organs in rabbits []


The study aimed to investigate the impact of stress on intestinal permeability induced by dexamethasone in feed. Male albino rabbits were divided into two groups: Group A (control) and Group B (dexamethasone fed). The results showed that the dexamethasone-fed rabbits exhibited a significant decrease in body weight, increased serum fluorescein Isothiocyanate dextrin level, and higher total liver aerobic bacteria count. The WBC count was significantly higher in Group B than in Group A, with elevated heterophils count and decreased lymphocytes count. Eosinophils count was significantly lower in Group B compared to Group A. The H/L ratio was significantly higher in Group B than in Group A. Histological study revealed that dexamethasone adversely affects thymic lobule length and width, as well as white pulp length and width in the thymus and spleen, respectively. These findings suggest that dexamethasone administration in rabbit feed leads to altered differential white blood cell count, gut permeability and immune response and adverse effects on thymus and spleen morphology.


Impact of the African rice midge (Orseolia oryzivora) on the yield of rice varieties grown in Baguinéda (Mali) []


Rice growing occupies a key place in agriculture and the search for food security in Mali. However, in rice production, damage caused by the African rice midge (Orseolia oryzivora) is a major constraint and therefore an economically important insect. The African rice midge is a major pest in the South Sudanian zone where development conditions are favorable for it. This study aims to document the effect of the insect on the yield of IER irrigated rice varieties in Mali. The study was carried out in the IER irrigated area of Baguineda during the agricultural seasons of 2016, 2017 and 2018. It made it possible to harvest the rice yield from a square of (25 m2) in the 50 study plots and the counting the number of tillers, panicles, full spikelets, empty spikelets, galls, and grains per tuft, at the time of heading at the level of a yield square (1 m2) placed within 50 study plots. All varieties of rice were susceptible to attack by the insect. An analysis of variance carried out from the data revealed a significant difference in the yield of the different rice varieties (P < 0.05). Average yields of rice varieties were very low and varied between 2.8 t/ha for Seberang to 0.27 t/ha for BW, with a considerable yield loss of 44% in 2016 compared to the other two 2017 and 2018 agricultural seasons in the area.


Incidenally finding of dextroxardia situs inversus totalis with polysplenia and Herpetic gingivostomatitis/esophagitis []


Polysplenic syndrome with dextrocardia and situs inversus totalis has been reported primarily in children and adolescents; in adulthood they occur sporadically and randomly. Since heart defects are often associated with heart problems early in life, most patients are diagnosed in childhood. The most commonly observed developmental abnormalities include nonzygous or hemizygous continuation into the inferior vena cava, multiple spleens, and cardiac malformations. Our patient was one of the rare cases of an incidental diagnosis in adults. Imaging diagnosed gingivitis and esophagitis with blisters preventing the patient from opening the mouth and eating, multiple spleen and other visceral malformations with dextrocardia. Hopefully, the cardiac ultrasound revealed that dextrocardia was the only cardiac defect and the patient could be safely discharged from the hospital. We report the possible incidental finding of incidental polysplenia or dextrocardia and emphasize that individuals with such severe malformations can lead normal lives; Only future surgical intervention or other instrumental treatment should be considered.


ANALYSIS OF PROCUREMENT PRACTICE ON ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE OF THE LIBERIA PUBLIC PROCUREMENT COMMISSION CONCESSION []


The aim of the research was to analyse effect of procurement practice on organizational performance of the Liberia public procurement commission concession. The specific objectives are to analysing effect procurement policies on performance of the Liberia public procurement commission concession, to establish effect of procurement planning on performance of the Liberia public procurement commission concession and to establish the effect of contract management on performance of the Liberia public procurement commission concession. Research was based on principal-agency and resource-based theories. descriptive and correlational research designs was used in this study as research design. The data was collected from a population 111 employees of Liberia Public Procurement Commission Concessions from. The participants were selected using universal sampling technique, while questionnaire and documentary was used as data collection tools. After the collection of data researcher used multiple regression analysis to test the hypotheses of the research. The Model Summary table highlighted the predictive power of the applied model, showing a strong correlation coefficient (R) of approximately 0.975. This underscored the close fit between the model and empirical data, indicating the model's ability to capture the interplay between the studied variables. The coefficient of determination (R Square) was significant at 0.952, revealing that the model explained around 95.2% of the variations in LPPCC concession performance. The Adjusted R Square, closely aligned with R Square, confirmed the model's stability and non-overfitting nature. In the ANOVA table, the dispersion of variability within the "Performance" variable was assessed, showcasing that the regression model explained a substantial share of approximately 95.12%. The F-test statistic supported the significance of the model, with a p-value essentially zero, leading to the rejection of the null hypothesis. The Coefficients table presented the standardized coefficients (Beta) and their significance for the predictors. Procurement policy exhibited a positive relationship (Beta = 0.137) with LPPCC performance, followed by contract management (Beta = 0.887) and procurement planning (Beta = 0.140). The research then established a regression equation based on these coefficients, reinforcing the contributions of each predictor to LPPCC performance. Given the significant impact of procurement policies on concession performance, it is recommended that the LPPCC focuses on developing and implementing well-defined, transparent, and effective procurement policies. Continuous evaluation and updates should be carried out to align policies with changing needs and best practices.


Lived Experience of Care Givers to Patients With Spinal Cord Injury at Muhimbili Orthopedic Institute []


Abstract Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) is a devastating, life altering injury and a challenge to treat as well as in long term health caring. A spinal cord injury (SCI) damages the communication pathway between the brain and certain parts of the body. Depending on the extent of the damage and its location in the cord, serious and permanent physical consequences will result in varying degrees of severity. Limbs or organs will not function as they did before. Injury to the spinal cord, also known as a spinal lesion, can affect certain physiological functions. The ability to move muscles, as well as touch sensation may be affected. Spinal cord injury is associated with the requirement of long term support.


KINETICS STUDY OF HYDROLYSIS REACTION OF SAWDUST OF HARDWOOD, SOFTWOOD AND MIXED SAWDUST USING MILD SULFURIC ACID. []


Biofuel from lignocellulosic biomass is likely going to become the major key sources of renewable energy in the near future in order to combat the impact of global warming and the depletion of fossil fuel resources. During hydrolysis reaction, low sugar recovery is the major bottle neck due to different factors that influence hydrolysis reaction. This research work investigates glucose yield through acidic hydrolysis of Mahogany sawdust, Ako sawdust and mixed sawdust of different wood after Hydrogen Peroxide Acetic Acid (HPAC) pre-treatment. Variation of acid concentrations of 1M, 1.5M, 2M, 2.5M and 3M were studied. The optimal glucose yield of 59mg/ml, 58mg/ml and 55mg/ml were recorded for mixed sawdust, Softwood and Hardwood respectively at 2M. The findings from hydrolysis reaction show that there is a gradual increase in yield of glucose as the concentration of acid increases, this continues till optimal glucose yield, after which there is low sugar recovery due to side reaction producing bye products. The specific reaction rate constant for acid hydrolysis were 0.016, 0.0192 and 0.0173〖min〗^(-1) for Mahogany, Ako and mixed sawdust respectively.


Linking between Democracy and Sustainable Development Goals: Specific reference to Goals -16 in India []


Democracy is the most popular form of government. It provides a way of existence for prosperous and most humble life. It cannot be found in other form of government like authoritarian or monarchal etc. India is the largest democratic country of the world. The 17 SDGs goals of United Nations can be achieved through a democratic form of government more actively like in India. It is because, in democratic government free flow of information to the people can be easily available. People understand their rights and duties. The present research may explore Goals-16, that is Peace, Justice and Inclusive Institution. It may explore the Lower Suktel Irrigation Project, through which serious violation of human rights and undemocratic way decision were made. It is threat from the national interest of nation at national and international levels. It may also give the answer, how Goal 16 can be achieved through a democratic form of government. Government of India takes many policies to achieve Goals-16. It can also depict different policies and their problems and also provide suggestions for achieving the goals by 2030.


BIO-ETHANOL PRODUCTION FROM SAWDUST OF HARD-WOOD, SOFTWOOD AND MIXED SAWDUST USING WILD YEAST FROM ROTTEN ORANGE AND BAKER’S YEAST. []


Lignocellulosic biomass is likely to become the major key sources of renewable energy in the near future, to combat the impact of climate change, transition to sustainable energy is a necessity. Microbial inhibition during fermentation reaction and developing yeast strain that could withstand high ethanol concentration among other factors affecting ethanol yield are very important parameters for proper and wide range of research for economic consideration of bioenergy. This research work investigates bioethanol yield using sawdust of Mahogany, Ako and Mixed sawdust after acidic hydrolysis of Mahogany sawdust, Ako sawdust and mixed sawdust of different wood through Hydrogen Peroxide Acetic Acid (HPAC) pre-treatment process. Wild yeast isolated from rotten oranges and baker’s yeast were used for the fermentation reaction. The result for fermentation reaction shows the kinetic parameter for Saccharomyces Cerevisiae (α=0.9922,0.9138 and 0.8869,β=0.0051, 0.0046 and 0.0046 for mixed sawdust, Hardwood and Softwood respectively). While for wild yeast: (α=0.9732,0.6933 and 1.2626,β=0.0019, 0.0017 and 0.0024 for mixed sawdust, Hardwood and Softwood respectively). This result shows that bioethanol formation during fermentation reaction is mixed-growth associated for both wild yeast and baker’s yeast. Models were validated for bioethanol yield from lignocellulose biomass which could be used for optimization of the process.


INTERGRATED FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT IN UGANDA DISTRICT LOCAL GOVERNMENTS []


The paper investigated the impact of the Integrated Financial Management Information System (IFMIS) on financial management within the Ugandan government. While the system has not yet been fully implemented across all Local Governments, it remains a focal point for future plans. This descriptive study employed primary data collection through well-structured questionnaires distributed among 125 respondents. Methodologically, the research involved a literature review, selection of study sites, determination of the population and sampling procedures, and utilization of questionnaires for data collection, which were subsequently analysed using SPSS Version 20. The study aimed to address research questions pertaining to the influence of IFMIS on financial management at the district level. Results indicate a significant positive impact of IFMIS on financial management practices. Additionally, the study identified various integrated financial management information system oracle modules utilized within district Local Governments, including General Ledger, Receivables, Payables, Purchasing, Cash Management, Public Sector Budgeting, and Reports Builder. Challenges in implementation and employee capabilities were noted as hindrances to IFMIS effectiveness, with employee capabilities emerging as a crucial factor influencing IFMIS performance within district Local Governments.


THE ADVANCED LIVE DIGITAL EVIDENCE ACQUISITION MODEL []


This paper discusses the live digital evidence acquisition model that can be used by security investigators during digital investigations process. The model also takes into consideration the non-technical legal experts’ opinion as far as digital acquisition is concerned, and this simply is because often times they interface with such evidence and further determine its admissibility in courts of law. The paper also discusses process models currently being used and it’s believed they helped in the development of a comprehensive model that will ease investigations as well as address admissibility of such evidence once presented in court


ANALYSIS OF FACTORS AFFECTING A FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE AT PD. BPR BAHTERAMAS KONAWE []


The purpose of this research is to determine and analyze the influence of 1) Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR), Loan to Deposit Ratio (LDR), Non-Performing Loans (NPL), Operational Costs, and Operational Income (BOPO) simultaneously on PD Financial Performance. BPR Bahteramas Konawe. 2) Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR) on Financial Performance in PD. BPR Bahteramas Konawe. 3) Loan to Deposit Ratio (LDR) on Financial Performance in PD. BPR Bahteramas Konawe. 4) Non-Performing Loans (NPL) on Financial Performance in PD. BPR Bahteramas Konawe. 5) Operational Costs and Operational Income (BOPO) on Financial Performance in PD. BPR Bahteramas Konawe. The data used in this research is secondary data. The data analyzed in this research is the financial data of PD.BPR Bahteramas Konawe. Meanwhile, the data source in this research comes from PD's annual report. BPR Bahteramas Konawe for the 2018-2022 period. The analysis in this research uses the classic assumption test, multiple linear regression test, and hypothesis testing. The analytical tool used in this research is SPSS 25. Based on the research results, it can be concluded that: CAR, LDR, NPL, and BOPO simultaneously have a positive and significant effect on PD's ROA. BPR Bahteramas Konawe This means that the CAR, LDR, NPL, and BOPO PD values are getting better. BPR Bahteramas Konawe which complies with the BPR Health standards determined by OJK regulations will affect the bank's profitability. Partially, CAR has a positive and insignificant effect on PD's ROA. BPR Bahteramas Konawe. LDR and NPL have a negative and insignificant effect on ROA. Meanwhile, BOPO has a negative and significant effect on ROA.


ENHANCING THE INTEGRITY OF THE NIGERIAN DEPOSIT MONEY BANKING SYSTEM: EFFECTIVE STRATEGIES FOR MITIGATING FRAUD AND CORRUPTION []


This study investigated strategies to address fraud and corruption in Deposit Money Banks located in Nigeria. The goals comprised of examining the impact of weak accounting systems on bank profitability, investigating how inadequate supervision and improper asset valuation affect capital adequacy, and assessing how the internal control system influences banks' liquidity. Making use of an ex post facto study design, the study sampled ten deposit money banks in Southwest Nigeria through simple random sampling. Data collection employed a qualitative method with questionnaires. The statistical package SPSS facilitated the analysis, revealing significant relationships. Findings indicated that weak accounting systems, inadequate supervision, and improper asset valuation negatively impact profitability and capital adequacy, while the internal control system significantly affects liquidity. The research identifies certain banks with deficient or underutilized corporate fraud control systems, emphasizing the need for government and regulatory bodies to reassess the roles of internal and external auditors in these institutions. It proposes a thorough review of the responsibilities of internal auditors in risk management and external auditors in evaluating financial records. This aims to equip auditors with the necessary tools and autonomy to effectively detect and prevent fraudulent activities. Additionally, it suggests revising regulatory frameworks to enhance vigilance and transparency in auditing practices. Implementing these recommendations could fortify the banking sector against fraud, improve auditing processes, and ensure a more secure financial environment, benefiting all stakeholders and the broader economy.


Organization and Orderliness in Battambang City []


This article aims to study the organization, order, and aesthetics of the city of Battambang, the capital of the Kingdom of Cambodia, in order to promote and achieve the direction of success to transform a city into a standard city. This article is based on a survey of 395 families with the following data: N = 395 people, 62% male and 38% female. The results of the interview show that the organization and beauty of the area are not only a result of the development of infrastructure and transportation but also an important factor for the city to be more effective for the lives of people in the area as a whole. According to the study and looking at the actual situation in the city, it is observed that there are developments that we will be able to notice, including housing development, important infrastructure, and many important sectors that have never been seen before.


Securing the Internet of Things: An exploration of IoT Security Through Advanced Encryption []


The Internet of Things (IoT) encompasses a global network of interconnected devices utilizing established communication standards. It involves the exchange of information wirelessly among embedded computing devices connected to the internet. Network security solutions must be tailored to the unique challenges posed by IoT, requiring security measures similar to those for traditional systems. Key security considerations include trust management, authorization, authentication, identity, access control, network security, standardization, and interoperability. The significance of addressing these issues is heightened in the context of increased attack vectors and routes, especially when dealing with the exchange of personal data. The proposed study aims to address critical security concerns in the Internet of Things (IoT) landscape by implementing advanced encryption techniques. IoT has revolutionized various sectors, offering unprecedented connectivity and functionality. However, this interconnectedness brings forth significant security challenges, necessitating robust measures to safeguard sensitive information. The methodology involves modeling two IoT devices using the MQTT protocol for communication, with a particular emphasis on securing mission-critical data through end-to-end AES encryption. The research will employ Microsoft Message Queuing Protocol (MSMQ) as an instance of Advanced Message Queuing Protocol (AMQP), ensuring secure communication between the simulated IoT devices. Furthermore, the study acknowledges the significance of the IoT ecosystem in diverse domains, such as healthcare, productivity enhancement, and smart infrastructure. By reviewing the existing literature, the research aims to identify gaps in current security measures and contribute to the body of knowledge regarding IoT security and encryption. The anticipated outcomes include a refined understanding of encryption techniques applicable to IoT, enhanced security measures for IoT devices, and potential solutions to mitigate security risks. The study's findings will benefit organizations, users, and stakeholders involved in IoT, fostering a more secure and resilient IoT environment.