Volume 10, Issue 6, June 2022 Edition - GSJ Journal Publication

[1]  [2]  [3]  [4]  [5]  [6]


THE DETERMINANTS OF ONLINE LEARNING MODALITY ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC INVOLVEMENT []


The determinants of online learning modality on students, academic involvement such as synchronous, asynchronous, and blended approach satisfies the learners considering that the learning design is new and they feel the leverage of time since they are not necessarily required to report to classes however, teachers are worried and believe that students are in the dilemma that they might not be able to achieve the intended learning enrichment, to uplift learners and preparing them to become ready for what lies ahead. As the learning approach is acceptable globally and as we immerse in the new paradigm, trying to be competitive in many ways, this mode of learning creates dissatisfaction among others due to shortcomings brought about by connectivity. They have the agony of meeting deadlines and had this experience since the learning model was launched. As the pandemic slowly weakens its spread, the Commission of Higher Education (CHED), and the Department of Education (DepEd) allows some institution to apply the blended learning model to those who can meet the requirements governing the protocols imposed by the inter-agency task force for the management of emerging infectious disease (IATF). As being observe nowadays allowing the blended activity, learners are more productive and participative this indicates that their understanding and comprehension are fueled with excitement since they are out and cordoned to express their physical exhibit of knowledge. With this, it is suggested that to give life to learning, the institution should adopt this learning vehicle since it was found out that learners are becoming more alive and learning retention increases and able them to explore more to their advantage. This approach is somewhat a modification of the previous two models and it was found during the study that among them, the blended approach seems student-friendly however, since the pandemic still waiving in the environment, implementation of the said learning mechanism should abide the health and security mandate and adheres to the protocols imposed.


ARTICLE RIVIEW SHRIMP EBI PRODUCTS IN INDONESIA []


Dried shrimp (ebi) is one of the alternative foodstuffs that can be used to replace fresh shrimp, because dried shrimp (ebi) has a fairly large BBD edible weight, which is 90%. (DKBM, 2017). The protein content of ebi shrimp (dry) is quite high, namely 62g / 100g of ingredients (TKPI, 2017). Ebi is a processed process of fresh shrimp that is processed into dried shrimp and is usually further processed into cooking seasonings. This review article aims to find out the pro-cessing and utilization of shrimp ebi in Indonesia. Shrimp ebi processing in Indonesia, which still uses the traditional processing process based on the research that has been reviewed related to the drying process using a cabinet dryer machine, is considered not optimal and meets SNI standards related to the processing of dried shrimp raw materials. The use of shrimp ebi in Indonesia which can be used as a raw material for food additives in Indonesia and is one of the ingredients to extend the shelf life of food products.


SeaHorse Review Article And Its Utilization []


Seahorses are one of the marine fishery commodities of high economic value because in a state of life or death still have a high trade value around the world. This review article aims to get information on seahorse cultivation catch production, SeaHorse trading and seahorse benefits. The benefits of seahorses in addition to being aquarium ornamental fish, can also be used as souvenirs. In medicine, dried seahorses are included in the drug which is believed to have many benefits. This makes many people hunt seahorses. Every year no less than 20 million dried seahorses and hundreds of thousands of live seahorses are traded by ± 40 countries including Indonesia.


Effects of Sensory Integration Therapy on the child with Kabuki Syndrome: A Case Study []


Purpose: This case study describes the outcomes of a child with kabuki syndrome using sensory integration therapy. Method: A 4.6 -year-old boy diagnosed with kabuki syndrome was assessed and given sensory integration activities for 2 months, 5 sessions in a week. Results: After the Therapy sessions, the child showed improvement in all the areas like cognitive skills, socialization, gross motor & fine motor skills and ADL skills. Conclusions and Implication: The collaborative efforts of an interdisciplinary team, comprising an occupational therapy, speech pathologist, special educator, parents of the child made it possible to enhance the child’s participation and improvement in all the areas. Key words: Kabuki Syndrome, Sensory Integration Therapy.


THE ADDITION OF SEAWEED FLOUR (Eucheuma cottonii) IN THE MAKING OF FRESH BREAD TO INCREASE FIBER CONTENT []


This research aimed to determine the effect of the addition of seaweed flour on white bread products favored by panelists and to increase the fiber content of white bread by the addition of seaweed flour (Eucheuma cottonii). This research was conducted at the Laboratory of Fish Product Processing in Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences at Universitas Padjadjaran in January 2019. Fiber content testing was carried out at the Ruminansia Animal Nutrition and Food Chemistry Laboratory of the Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Padjadjaran University. The research method used was experimental method, with 20 semi-trained panelists and 4 treatments. White bread was prepared with treatment of seaweed flour addition (0%, 20%, 30%, 40%). The observed parameters were hedonic tests with parameters of organoleptic characteristics including appearance, aroma, texture, and taste of white bread, as well as fiber content test. The results showed that the addition of 30% seaweed flour produced the most preferred white bread compared to other treatments, with an average value 7.3 of appearance criteria; 7.4 of aroma; taste was 8.1 and texture is 7.4; the weight of taste criteria was 0.51 and the alternative value was 8.02. Had the fiber content that was equal to 3.91% (1.37 gr) of 35 gr of white bread, meant the addition of seaweed flour had a very significant effect on the fiber content of the resulting bread. The higher the percentage of seaweed flour was added, the higher the content produced in white bread would be.


Article Review Products Fish Brains []


Fish brains belong to the group of products made from fish jelly. This product is served as an "appetizer" food in restaurants in Indonesia. This article aims to review otak-otak products in terms of their manufacture and quality. Based on the review literature obtained information that the manufacture of fish brains consists of making surimi, making seasonings, making dough, forming dough and steaming or burning. The quality of fish brains in Indonesia is regulated based on National Standard number 7757: 2013, namely a maximum water content of 60.0%, a maximum ash content of 2.0%, a protein content of at least 5.0% and a fat content of 16.0%.


PROBLÉMATIQUE DE FINANCEMENT AGRICOLE DANS LA VILLE D’ISIRO ET SON HINTERLAND []


Cette recherche voulait savoir comment le secteur agricole est financé dans la ville d’Isiro et ses environs. En recourant à la méthode indicative, le résultat de cette recherche prouve que le secteur agricole d’Isiro est financé dans la plupart des cas par l’effort familial. Le capital financier reste quasi inexistant dans l’exploitation agricole. On note seulement les interventions de faible nature de quelques hommes de bonne volonté en faveur des exploitants agricole d’Isiro et ses environs ; ce, de manière irrégulière et inattendue. Il convient de noter que dans le temps, la ville d’Isiro a été renommée « capitale de l’or vert » grâce à l’exploitation agricole. En cette période, on a compté plusieurs institutions bancaires qui octroyaient des crédits aux agriculteurs. Ce qui n’est plus le cas pour l’instant. Les deux institutions bancaires qui opèrent actuellement à Isiro à savoir la BCDC et la Rawbank, n’accordent pas de crédits aux agriculteurs.


FREQUENCE ET PRISE EN CHARGE DE LA DRÉPANOCYTOSE CHEZ LES ENFANTS DE 0 A 17 ANS DANS LA VILLE D’ISIRO []


Cette étude a porté sur la fréquence et prise en charge de la drépanocytose chez les enfants de 0 à 17 ans dans la ville d’Isiro. Elle menée à l’Hôpital Général de Référence d’Isiro et à la Clinique de l’Est. La drépanocytose est une maladie grave, d’origine génétique, transmise par les deux parents. C’est la maladie génétique dépistée la plus fréquente en France et dans le monde (plus de 300.000 enfants atteints de cette maladie naissent chaque année) : elle s’inscrit comme une priorité nationale de santé publique. En réalisant cette étude, nous nous sommes assigné trois objectifs spécifiques à savoir : déterminer la fréquence de la drépanocytose chez les enfants de 0 à 17 ans à l’Hôpital Général de Référence d’Isiro et la Clinique de l’Est, identifier les facteurs favorisants cette pathologie, enfin apprécier la qualité de la prise en charge assurée à ces derniers. Population d’étude est constituée de 3520 enfants consultés dans les deux formations médicales pour le problème d’anémie confondue. Parmi lesquels l’échantillon de 36 enfants drépanocytaires de 0 à 17 ans chez a été prélevé et testé positif. Cette étude étant rétrospective, nous nous sommes servis de technique d’analyse documentaire pour la récolte des données. A l’issue des analyses, nous avons abouti aux principaux résultats suivants :  La tranche d’âge la plus touchée est celle de 12 à 17 ans avec 44,5 % ;  Le sujet féminin est majoritaire avec 52,8 % ;  Il y a eu 66,7 % de cas de paludisme associé à la drépanocytose ;  la fièvre est l’un des grands facteurs favorisants de la drépanocytose que nous constaté chez 21 enfants soit 58,3 %;  72,2 % de cas étaient mis sous transfusion sanguine, antibiotiques et antalgiques ;  l’anémie hémolytique est la complication majeure avec 58,3 % ;


THE CONCEPT OF WATER CONSERVATION IN SUSTAINABLE BUILDING. []


Abstract Water is necessary for the sustenance of human life, owing to the fact that this natural resource is rapidly exhausting, conservation is essential. Water conservation is the planned management of water to prevent waste, overuse and exploitation of the resource. This research aims to stress on the need for water conservation and highlights some several technologies and strategies available for implementing water efficiency practices and some methods that can be employed to reduce water consumption in a building. However, the three major key components of water conservation in green buildings are: Reduce indoor potable water use, reducing water consumption to save energy, Improve environmental well-being. The research sought to bring to limelight water conservation technologies which include: Rain water harvesting, Grey water recycling and Low-flow plumbing fixtures. By way of literature review, this research is to explore the approach and practical aspects that promote water conservation as an element of green building. Contemporary potable water management is not sustainable whereas we use potable water for non- domestic uses. The appropriate solution is to substitute potable water with rainwater for some purposes and this water source is considered sustainable because the accesses to fresh water have prolonged to be a source of worry in some parts of the world.


CONTEMPORARY TRENDS IN PEDIATRIC HOSPITAL DESIGN: A REVIEW OF SELECTED CASE STUDY IN NIGERIA AND THE UK. []


The development boom at children's hospitals is apparent and shows no signs of slowing down. Advances in the treatment of common and rare childhood disorders, as well as associated technological advances, as well as the emphasis on patient security, patient loyalty, and family-centered treatment, are all contributing to the pressure to update, improve, or substitute pediatric healthcare facilities. Almost all of the world's top 25 children's hospitals, according to News & World Report, have recently expanded, are under construction, or are in the planning phases of a major project. Despite this rush of activity, most managers and direct care providers involved in facility building do not have as much information as they would want about the prospects and patterns. A dynamic matrix of health, academic, financial, and political options frequently deter-mines how a facility prioritizes expansion potential, and it is obviously affected by the quantity of knowledge accessible to individuals involved in the planning and design process. This study considers the resources available to today's initiatives and how they will alter the views of patients, families, physicians, and staff members in inpatient institutions in the future. Many of the options mentioned are too new to give substantial data-driven verification of cost, effectiveness, or conse-quences, but I have supplied such information when feasible.


Optimization of Machining Parameters in Turning Operation of Grey Cast Iron Using ANSYS: A Case Study []


This research seeks to optimize the machining parameters in a computer numerical control (CNC) lathe turning operation to enhance the productivity and surface finish quality of grey cast iron work piece. The consequences of using a sub-optimal cutting parameter for CNC lathe turning operation that leads to low performance, poor machinability, reduction in tool life, high power consumption, greater surface roughness, poor surface finish, high rate of tool wear, reduced material removal rate, reduced rate of production and lowered profits is a major concern of this research as it affects production in terms of cost and time. All the specimens are of bars with a diameter 30mm and a length of 70mm. The tool used in the turning operation is High Speed Steel (HSS) single point cutting tool. ANSYS finite element modelling (FEM) computer software was employed to get the near possible simulation of the cutting forces, material removal rate and surface roughness due to stress induced during turning of the grey cast iron workpiece. The Taguchi L9 orthogonal array was selected to perform the simulation of machine cutting process. The L9 orthogonal array with three columns and nine rows was suitable for use in this research. In this research, analysis based on the Taguchi method is performed by utilizing MATLAB and ANSYS software to estimate the impact of the machine cutting parameters on material removal rate and surface roughness of the cast iron specimen. In this Taguchi method, the analysis of variation was carried out using Signal-to-Noise ratio (S/N). Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was performed to investigate the impact of the machining parameters (spindle cutting speed, depth of cut and feed rate) on material removal rate and surface roughness of the cast iron specimen. Ultimately, an optimal machining parameter for the CNC lathe turning operation that enhances the productivity and quality of the cast iron was generated. Based on the results observed, the optimal machining parameters that produce minimum value of surface roughness are D3F3V2. The results of the experimental study reveal that increase in the machining parameters (depth of cut, feed rate and spindle cutting speed on the grey cast iron) will consequently increase the surface roughness and material removal rate of the work-piece. Conclusion and recommendations were made that finite element modelling could yield a reduction in overall machining costs and saves time as it predicts the optimal machining parameters for quality cast iron work-piece.


“Education Health Project during COVID-19 pandemic: ASL of Benevento experience with students.” []


Health Education represents the educational process through which individuals learn to consciously make decisions that are useful for maintaining and improving their health. It is a process that continues through all stages of life, improving skills for daily life. The school is a reference for students because it represents the main place where they develop skills, knowledge and abilities to be spent consciously and with autonomy of judgment for the protection of their health and in the adoption of correct lifestyles. The Prevention Department of the Benevento Local Health Authority wanted to analyze, through interactive meetings with a doctor, a nutritionist and a psychologist, the clinical, nutritional and psychological aspects of children between 14 and 18 years of age during the covid-19 pandemic. The objective is to provide knowledge on the new pathology, promote a healthy lifestyle in the pupil, in the social context, create a positive relational climate, understand the link between personal behavior and health such as physical, mental and social well-being, eliminate o reduce risky behaviors.


Relationship of Sleep Deprivation and General Weighted Average (GWA) of the Students []


Abstract Human health and well-being, as well as learning and practice, as well as physical and mental well-being, all require sleep. This study uses a descriptive correlational research design. It investigates the relationships between variables while preventing the researchers from influencing or manipulating any of them. A correlation represents the strength and/or direction of a relationship between two (or more) variables. The direction of a correlation might be positive or negative. In this study, the researchers use a survey research approach, in which they created a survey or questionnaire and distribute it to the respondents. A descriptive research aims to accurately and systematically characterize a population, circumstance, or phenomenon. It can answer what, where, when, and how questions, but not why. The goal of this research is to see if there is a link between sleep deprivation and GWA in third-year Bachelor of Physical Education students in Academic Year 2021-2022. It especially examines the following issues: (1) the respondents' sleeping hours profile, (2) how self-sleep deprivation affects General Weighted Average (GWA), (3) the level of students' GWA, and (4) the substantial association between sleep deprivation and students' GWA. As a result, the concept of physiological needs in Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory, which states that there are biological requirements for human survival, such as air, food, drink, shelter, clothing, warmth, sex, and sleep, and that if these needs are not met, the human body cannot function optimally, was rejected because, according to the findings of this study, there is no significant relationship between sleep deprivation and GWA of the human body. Keywords: Correlational Study, General Weighted Average, Relationship, Sleep Deprivation, Philippines


Spatial Relationship Analysis of Urban Expansion and Disaster Risk Exposure in Rwanda []


This study aimed to analyse the relationship analysis between urbanization and flood risk exposure in Nyarugenge district in City of Kigali. The authors utilized secondary datasets on urban growth such as population growth and urbanization rate within sectors of Nyarugenge district. The employed datasets on flood causal factors generated the flood hazard distribution over the study area. The study covered a period ranging between 2015 and 2020. These data were collected from United States Geological Survey (USGS), National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda (NISR), Offices of City of Kigali (CoK) and Nyarugenge district. The Geographic Information System (GIS) facilitated to map flood hazard and its causal factors. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) estimated the correlation between urban growth and flood risk exposure.The results show that Muhima, Nyarugenge and Gitega sectors with high urbanization in 2015 changed in 2020. However, in 2020, Kanyinya and Mageragere sectors which were not urban in 2015 registered expanding urbanization in 2020. Also, the mapped flood hazard reveal that the 2020 urban areas are quite exposed to hazard due mainly to rainfall, urbanization through poor land management elevation and slope as major drivers. Finally, the estimated high/advanced P value (0.061) confirms that urbanization growth in Nyarugenge district is among the drivers to flood occurrence and its associated losses. As conclusion, the results of this study localizes zones in Nyarugenge highly that are prone to flooding which can help policy makers to ensure appropriate land management and urbanization development as well. Key words: City of Kigali, Flood, Nyarugenge district, Urbanization, Rwanda


The Quest for Synchronisation of Social Studies Curriculum Materials for Colleges of Education in Ghana: How Relevant is Teacher Knowledge Factor? []


Contemporary curriculum frameworks and materials require content knowledge are integrated, but teacher knowledge remains a critical resource within the instructional system. This paper weighs teacher educators’ knowledge of the Social Studies curriculum materials for Colleges of Education in Ghana. The mixed methods sequential explanatory design was adopted for the study. Thirty-eight (38) Social Studies teacher educators were sampled from 38 public Colleges of Education in Ghana through stratified, simple random and purposive sampling techniques. A five-point Likert-scale questionnaire of Cronbach’s alpha coefficient (α) of 0.77 was used for the survey while semi-structured interview guide was employed for interview. The survey data were analysed using descriptive statistics, whereas the interview data were analysed thematically. The study revealed a high level of teacher knowledge factor with mean ( ) values of ≥2.39 regarding the following indicators: Social Studies curriculum materials as an amalgam of Social sciences ( =2.57), Social Studies content courses ( =2.52), integrated Social Studies ( =2.47). Teacher knowledge factor was also high in the usage of curriculum materials in History ( =2.73), Civics and Citizenship ( =2.71), Anthropology ( =2.71), methods of teaching and learning Social Studies ( =2.68), Sociology ( =2.57), and Integrated Social Studies ( =2.57). This study concludes that, content knowledge and pedagogical content knowledge of Social Studies teachers are critical in the instructional system. The study recommends that the Ministry of Education and the National Council on Tertiary Education of Ghana ought to provide continuous professional development programmes for Social Studies teacher educators in Ghanaian Colleges of Education to develop in them pedagogies that centre on the integrated approach of teaching, learning and assessment.


EFFECT OF LEADERSHIP STYLE, ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE AND EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION ON EMPLOYEE SATISFACTION AT PT. FAJAR LESTARI ABADI []


This study aims to determine: (1) The effect of leadership style, organizational culture and effective communication on employee job satisfaction. (2) The influence of leadership style on employee job satisfaction. (3) The influence of organizational culture on employee job satisfaction. (4) The effect of effective communication on employee job satisfaction. The results of the study conclude: 1) Leadership style, organizational culture and effective communication have a significant effect on employee job satisfaction at PT. Fajar Lestari Abadi, 2) Leadership style has a significant effect on employee job satisfaction at PT. Fajar Lestari Abadi, 3) Organizational culture has a significant effect on employee job satisfaction at PT. Fajar Lestari Abadi, 4) Effective communication has a significant effect on employee job satisfaction at PT. Fajar Lestari Abadi.


Comparative Analysis of some educational issue in Ethiopia and China []


In the age of globalization, nations invest in their education systems to ensure that their children are prepared to face the challenges of the day by acquiring and developing the required skills, knowledge, values, and dispositions. Based on education policy, the institutions intended to deliver these services: schools, colleges/universities, play a vital role in facing the issues of current society, particularly in the twenty-first century. The paper investigated how Ethiopian and China education systems are similar and different in terms of historical development, education and training policy, education system structure, teacher quality and teaching environment, and governance and funding in education. In other words, it addressed topics where both countries differ and how they guide students from pre-primary to terminal degree programs, with far-reaching recommendations to increase the value of education.


ARTICLE REVIEW OF FISH JELLY PRODUCTS "FISH DRAGON'S FOOT" []


The use of fish as food in Indonesia must be improved, one of which is by diversifying fish processing Fish dragon foot products are a processed form of diversification of fish processing. This article aims to review fish dragon foot products in terms of the ingredients used, the stages of manufacture and product quality. Based on the literature review, information was obtained that the ingredients used in making fish dragon's foot were fish, tapioca flour, wheat flour, maezena flour, garlic, onion, pepper, egg whites and salt. The stages of making fish dragon's foot include the manufacture of fish meat lumatan, mixing and dodging, molding, steaming, freezing and frying. The quality of fish dragon legs in Indonesia is regulated based on SNI number.01-26931992, namely ash content of 0.44 – 0.69%, protein content of 10.44 – 16.40%, fat 0.09 – 0.55%, maximum water content of 60%, and maximum carbohydrate content of 25%. Keywords: excellence, quality, diversification, amino acids, aktymyosin.


Efficacy of different insecticides for the better management of plant hopper in transplanted rice []


The experiment was done for the evaluation of different insecticides i.e. T-2 (Acetameprid @ 312 gha-1); T-3 (Imidachloprid @ 312 gha-1); T-4 (Fipronil @1200 mlha-1); T-5 (Thiamethoxam @ 60 gha-1); T-6 (Buprofezin @ 1250 gha-1); T-7 (Thiachloprid @ 500 mlha-1) compared to T-1 (Control) used for controlling the populations of hopper at field area of Adaptive Research Station, Sialkot during Kharif 2014 and 2016. In our experiment all the insecticides performed better for the management of plant hopper populations after 10 days of spraying insecticides. Significant productive tillersm-2 recorded in T-2 (284.33), T-7 (278.33), T-4 (278.33) compared to all other treatments. Significant (P<0.05) yield were found in T-2 (3.39 tha-1) compared to all treatments, however maximum insecticide control recorded in T-4 (10.00) after 72 hours and T-4 (2.17) after 5 days and 1.13 after 10 days of spraying. Significant productive tillersm-2 recorded in T-7 (322.32) and T-6 (317.33) with all other treatments but recorded non-significant tillers. Significant yield recorded in T-7 (4.36 tha-1) compared to all treatments. The population of the hoppers reduced maximum in T-4 (9.17) after 72 hours and T-5 (3.78) after 5 days and T-4 (2.65), T-5 (2.75) 10 days after spraying insecticides. Significant (P<0.05) productive tillersm-2 were recorded in T-7 (311.48) followed by T-6 (306.27). Significant (P<0.05) grain found in T-7 (24.45g) followed by T-4 (23.60g) compared to control i.e. T-1 (17.50). Significant (P<0.05) yield was found in T-7 (3.92 tha-1) compared to all other treatments. All the insecticides showed better performance for the control of hopper in rice, however during 2nd year of the study revealed no hopper population was observed. Fipronil and Thiamethoxam found better performance for the control of hopper in the transplanted rice.


SALTED FISH JAMBAL ROTI []


Salted fish jambal roti is a processed fish product made through a salting process. This article aims to review the salted fish products of jambal roti in terms of the stages of processing salted fish jambal roti and the quality of the products produced. Based on the literature review, information was obtained that the stages of making salted fish jambal roti are washing, sorting, removing the head and entrails, immersion in water, salting, cleavage in the form of butterflies, drying, brushing on thick parts, and the final drying and storage process. The quality of salted fish jambal roti is regulated based on SNI number 8376: 2017. The quality of salted fish jambal roti is influenced bythe degree of freshness of the fish used, the quality and quantity of salt used and the length of the salting process. Keywords: salting, quality, strength, ash content, protein content.


Morphological characteristics of Hazaragei sheeps in Bamyan Province/ Afghanistan []


Hazaragei race sheep is one of the most important races of sheep in Afghanistan that is resistant to cold weather. The main race of Hazaragei sheep is widely maintenances by Indigenous people in central regions of Afghanistan such as Bamyan, Daikundi, Ghazni and Ghor. Characteristics of Hazaragei bred sheep are including: growth rate, wool production, milk productionand carcass quality. The survey was conducted in four districts of Bamyan (Punjab, Waras, Yakawlang and Markaz) where most people are engaged in livestock. The information in this study was done using observation method. This study shows that Hazaragei sheep, ewe are mostly hornless and 5% of ram are horned. Horn structure is narrower in young ram, less warping, and in older ram, rams are larger in diameter and more warped. The Hazaragei sheep's ears is narrow, short and drooping, which is 13-15 cm long. The color of Hazaragei sheep is brown, white, black, gray and different color. The length of each wool thread reaches 14-18 cm. The head of the sheep is flat and its length is 16 cm and the diameter of the neck is 30 cm. The tail of Hazaragei sheep is narrow and short, which is 23 cm long, the diameter of the legs is 8-11 and the length of the legs is 30-35 cm, their body length is 50-55 cm and its width is 31 cm.


PROBLÉMATIQUE DE FINANCEMENT AGRICOLE DANS LA VILLE D’ISIRO ET SON HINTERLAND []


Cette recherche voulait savoir comment le secteur agricole est financé dans la ville d’Isiro et ses environs. En recourant à la méthode indicative, le résultat de cette recherche prouve que le secteur agricole d’Isiro est financé dans la plupart des cas par l’effort familial. Le capital financier reste quasi inexistant dans l’exploitation agricole. On note seulement les interventions de faible nature de quelques hommes de bonne volonté en faveur des exploitants agricole d’Isiro et ses environs ; ce, de manière irrégulière et inattendue. Il convient de noter que dans le temps, la ville d’Isiro a été renommée « capitale de l’or vert » grâce à l’exploitation agricole. En cette période, on a compté plusieurs institutions bancaires qui octroyaient des crédits aux agriculteurs. Ce qui n’est plus le cas pour l’instant. Les deux institutions bancaires qui opèrent actuellement à Isiro à savoir la BCDC et la Rawbank, n’accordent pas de crédits aux agriculteurs.


Bayesian Estimation of the Colon Cancer Frailty Hazards Functions for Mixture Cure Model []


In this paper, an estimation of the incidence and susceptibility of colon cancer using frailty models within a Bayesian framework is presented. In contrast to previous papers, the model incorporates heterogeneity within individuals. A simulation study is carried out to evaluate the properties of the Bayesian estimates of the associated parameters in the developed model that incorporate; continuous lifetime distributions for survival data with a cured percentage, censored data, covariates, and heterogeneity within individuals. Since the previous model did not account for heterogeneity, it was unable to determine the successful recurrent or metastatic rate and survival likelihood, neither of which could be determined. The paper's findings managed to increase awareness programs for timely detection, access to care, and diagnostic accuracy. Furthermore, raising awareness of the incidence will allow researchers to investigate screening success and develop new cancer screening recommendations.


FREQUENCE ET PRISE EN CHARGE DE LA DRÉPANOCYTOSE CHEZ LES ENFANTS DE 0 A 17 ANS DANS LA VILLE D’ISIRO []


Cette étude a porté sur la fréquence et prise en charge de la drépanocytose chez les enfants de 0 à 17 ans dans la ville d’Isiro. Elle menée à l’Hôpital Général de Référence d’Isiro et à la Clinique de l’Est. La drépanocytose est une maladie grave, d’origine génétique, transmise par les deux parents. C’est la maladie génétique dépistée la plus fréquente en France et dans le monde (plus de 300.000 enfants atteints de cette maladie naissent chaque année) : elle s’inscrit comme une priorité nationale de santé publique. En réalisant cette étude, nous nous sommes assigné trois objectifs spécifiques à savoir : déterminer la fréquence de la drépanocytose chez les enfants de 0 à 17 ans à l’Hôpital Général de Référence d’Isiro et la Clinique de l’Est, identifier les facteurs favorisants cette pathologie, enfin apprécier la qualité de la prise en charge assurée à ces derniers. Population d’étude est constituée de 3520 enfants consultés dans les deux formations médicales pour le problème d’anémie confondue. Parmi lesquels l’échantillon de 36 enfants drépanocytaires de 0 à 17 ans chez a été prélevé et testé positif. Cette étude étant rétrospective, nous nous sommes servis de technique d’analyse documentaire pour la récolte des données. A l’issue des analyses, nous avons abouti aux principaux résultats suivants :  La tranche d’âge la plus touchée est celle de 12 à 17 ans avec 44,5 % ;  Le sujet féminin est majoritaire avec 52,8 % ;  Il y a eu 66,7 % de cas de paludisme associé à la drépanocytose ;  la fièvre est l’un des grands facteurs favorisants de la drépanocytose que nous constaté chez 21 enfants soit 58,3 %;  72,2 % de cas étaient mis sous transfusion sanguine, antibiotiques et antalgiques ;  l’anémie hémolytique est la complication majeure avec 58,3 % ;


Optimization of Machining Parameters in Turning Operation of Grey Cast Iron Using ANSYS: A Case Study []


This research seeks to optimize the machining parameters in a computer numerical control (CNC) lathe turning operation to enhance the productivity and surface finish quality of grey cast iron work piece. The consequences of using a sub-optimal cutting parameter for CNC lathe turning operation that leads to low performance, poor machinability, reduction in tool life, high power consumption, greater surface roughness, poor surface finish, high rate of tool wear, reduced material removal rate, reduced rate of production and lowered profits is a major concern of this research as it affects production in terms of cost and time. All the specimens are of bars with a diameter 30mm and a length of 70mm. The tool used in the turning operation is High Speed Steel (HSS) single point cutting tool. ANSYS finite element modelling (FEM) computer software was employed to get the near possible simulation of the cutting forces, material removal rate and surface roughness due to stress induced during turning of the grey cast iron workpiece. The Taguchi L9 orthogonal array was selected to perform the simulation of machine cutting process. The L9 orthogonal array with three columns and nine rows was suitable for use in this research. In this research, analysis based on the Taguchi method is performed by utilizing MATLAB and ANSYS software to estimate the impact of the machine cutting parameters on material removal rate and surface roughness of the cast iron specimen. In this Taguchi method, the analysis of variation was carried out using Signal-to-Noise ratio (S/N). Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was performed to investigate the impact of the machining parameters (spindle cutting speed, depth of cut and feed rate) on material removal rate and surface roughness of the cast iron specimen. Ultimately, an optimal machining parameter for the CNC lathe turning operation that enhances the productivity and quality of the cast iron was generated. Based on the results observed, the optimal machining parameters that produce minimum value of surface roughness are D3F3V2. The results of the experimental study reveal that increase in the machining parameters (depth of cut, feed rate and spindle cutting speed on the grey cast iron) will consequently increase the surface roughness and material removal rate of the work-piece. Conclusion and recommendations were made that finite element modelling could yield a reduction in overall machining costs and saves time as it predicts the optimal machining parameters for quality cast iron work-piece.


THE CONCEPT OF WATER CONSERVATION IN SUSTAINABLE BUILDING. []


Abstract Water is necessary for the sustenance of human life, owing to the fact that this natural resource is rapidly exhausting, conservation is essential. Water conservation is the planned management of water to prevent waste, overuse and exploitation of the resource. This research aims to stress on the need for water conservation and highlights some several technologies and strategies available for implementing water efficiency practices and some methods that can be employed to reduce water consumption in a building. However, the three major key components of water conservation in green buildings are: Reduce indoor potable water use, reducing water consumption to save energy, Improve environmental well-being. The research sought to bring to limelight water conservation technologies which include: Rain water harvesting, Grey water recycling and Low-flow plumbing fixtures. By way of literature review, this research is to explore the approach and practical aspects that promote water conservation as an element of green building. Contemporary potable water management is not sustainable whereas we use potable water for non- domestic uses. The appropriate solution is to substitute potable water with rainwater for some purposes and this water source is considered sustainable because the accesses to fresh water have prolonged to be a source of worry in some parts of the world.


CONTEMPORARY TRENDS IN PEDIATRIC HOSPITAL DESIGN: A REVIEW OF SELECTED CASE STUDY IN NIGERIA AND THE UK. []


The development boom at children's hospitals is apparent and shows no signs of slowing down. Advances in the treatment of common and rare childhood disorders, as well as associated technological advances, as well as the emphasis on patient security, patient loyalty, and family-centered treatment, are all contributing to the pressure to update, improve, or substitute pediatric healthcare facilities. Almost all of the world's top 25 children's hospitals, according to News & World Report, have recently expanded, are under construction, or are in the planning phases of a major project. Despite this rush of activity, most managers and direct care providers involved in facility building do not have as much information as they would want about the prospects and patterns. A dynamic matrix of health, academic, financial, and political options frequently deter-mines how a facility prioritizes expansion potential, and it is obviously affected by the quantity of knowledge accessible to individuals involved in the planning and design process. This study considers the resources available to today's initiatives and how they will alter the views of patients, families, physicians, and staff members in inpatient institutions in the future. Many of the options mentioned are too new to give substantial data-driven verification of cost, effectiveness, or conse-quences, but I have supplied such information when feasible.


Effect of Bitcoin Trading on the Global Economy []


Popularity of the cryptocurrency concept in the global financial community has surged in recent years. Since its introduction and application over a decade ago, the cryptocurrency industry has been inundated with different forms, including bitcoin. Bitcoin and altcoins which come in the forms of coins and token have gained tremendous popularity among committed investors and backers who relish the art of trading in cryptocurrencies. Bitcoin was introduced with fundamental objectives. Many investment analysts were of the firm belief bitcoin is a useful financial tool in the investment world. This notwithstanding, it is fraught with challenges; bitcoin traders in the cryptocurrency industry are not sparred of risk inherent in technological challenges which negatively impact on smooth and successful investments in virtual financial markets. The purpose of this research was to assess how bitcoin trading activities impact on the performance of all cryptocurrencies in the global digital financial markets; and the impact on the global economy. The quantitative approach to scientific inquiry was adapted and used in the current research. Specifically, a cross-sectional design, an example of survey design, formed the basis of the research. Data required for the conduct of the study were obtained mainly from secondary sources. These included text books, peer-reviewed articles published in journals, newspaper publications, and digital currency markets. Other sources were Google Search Engine including statists.com, ycharts.com, crowdfundinsider.com, finance.yahoo.com; and electronic databases of the World Bank, IMF and OECD, among other significant sources. Respective data on quarterly circulated bitcoins, quarterly bitcoin prices and quarterly market capitalisation values for bitcoin from 2012 through 2020; annual market capitalisation values for all cryptocurrencies from 2013 through 2020; and annual global GDP data from 2012 through 2020 were used in the study. Contrary to the expectations of Nay-Sayers, the research revealed exponential development of bitcoin in the global virtual financial space; its major role in asserting the influence of cryptocurrencies on the mainstream global financial system; and policy standards developed by FATF to regulate operations of virtual financial exchanges at the global level. Two-thirds of individuals without bank accounts have smartphones. Virtual currency operators perceived this as an opportunity to sell finance to the unbanked smartphone-users' population. Findings from the research revealed positive and significant relationship between bitcoin market cap values for all cryptocurrencies (coefficient value = 1.501991851; p = 0.000, p < 0.05); and positive, but non-significant relationship between bitcoin market cap values and global GDP values (coefficient value = 43.11477029; p = 0.1718, p > 0.05). Bitcoin market cap values accounted for about 92.01% of the variation in market capitalisation values for all cryptocurrencies; and about 24.87% of the variation in global GDP values during the period. The study recommended the need for individual economies to review their respective perception of and stance on bitcoin and altcoins; and to identify ways in which they could effectively incorporate cryptocurrencies' trading and related activities into their respective financial sub-sector laws and regulations. Economies that are yet to commit their membership to FATF were entreated to do so to assure uniformity in global regulatory standards for digital currencies to facilitate their universal acceptance. Economies that fail to appreciate and embrace bitcoin and altcoins for implementation could be likened to individuals or groups with strong preference for desktop computers; and not willing to change to use of laptops and other improved versions of the device. Countries must strive to contribute meaningfully to the progress needed in the global financial space through improved financial digital transformation. Key words: bitcoin, bitcoin exchange, cryptocurrency, types of cryptocurrency, digital exchange market, and virtual currency market.