Volume 11, Issue 1, January 2023 Edition - GSJ Journal Publication

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CLT in Libya: Incongruity of theory and practice (Linguistics) []

Abstract Libya recognizes the importance of English language competency in the modern world. From trying various teaching methods, Communicative Language Teaching has become the current choice with its proven approach for EFL. Although some Libyan teachers approve of the theory of CLT, its full implementation inside the classroom reflects the incongruity of the teachers' attitudes and their practice. Teachers' positive attitude did not seem to translate entirely to the observed practices inside the classroom.

Interest of Opioid free analgesia in urological surgery []

Morphine saving, the principle of balanced analgesia, is a topical topic. The use of opioids occupies a prominent place in the anesthesia associated with hypnotics and curares by reducing their consumption, providing intraoperative analgesia and ensuring post-operative analgesia. OFA opioid free analgesia has a definite interest in carcinological surgery in urology with a high risk of opioid-related side effects. Morphine saving allows multimodal management of post-operative pain and early post-operative rehabilitation

The Effectiveness of Marketing in the Business and its Importance After COVID ’19: Case of Ooredoo []

The case study's goal is to identify and assess the connection between Ooredoo performance and its use of digital marketing. Any firm that wants to stay ahead of rivals in the market and maintain organizational performance should use digital marketing as a fundamental strategy. It has been a crucial instrument, particularly after the COVID-19 period, for reaching consumers and monitoring organization performance effectively and with minimal effort. With the help of digital marketing, a company may offer 24/7 customer service on their website, quick responses, online technical assistance, and lower costs. The aim of the study is to ascertain how digital marketing assisted the company in achieving its organizational goals over the course of COVID-19 and after the pandemic. Due to the unsteady business climate of the time, companies had to keep up with the newest trends and modify their marketing strategies in order to succeed. The study's other main goals are to highlight the importance of these marketing strategies and how they relate to organizational success, as well as to suggest some more effective digital marketing tactics. Secondary and primary sources were consulted during the research process. Interviews were done to collect the information and data has been taken from the journal articles as well. Keywords: Digital Marketing, Performance, Post Pandemic, Goals, Marketing Strategies.


Abstract. Determinants of rural poverty in developing countries including Nigeria are complex and multidimensional. An understanding of this complexity is important in articulating policy responses. Similarly, the rural poor are quite diverse both in the problems they face and the possible solutions to those problems. Broad economic stability, competitive markets, and public investments in physical and social infrastructure are widely recognized as important requirements for achieving sustained economic growth and a reduction in rural poverty. A telling indicator is the fact that the last living standard survey puts rural poverty incidence in Nigeria at above 75 percent in 2016 as against just a little above 20 percent in 1980. Previous studies examined mostly the relationship between growth and income in urban areas, and also investigated the extent economic growth and inequality create poverty in urban and rural areas. Nigerian poverty profile for 2004 and 2016 despite having information on rural and urban failed to disaggregate the determinants by sector (urban and rural) as well as evaluate the dynamics using the two waves of survey data. The report further failed to disaggregate determinants by geopolitical zones. This may be one of the reasons for failed poverty reduction policies in the country over many decades. Understanding determinants, dynamics, coping mechanisms by sector (urban and rural) and by geopolitical zones are critical for poverty reduction so that policies and interventions will no longer be generalize but region and sector specific. The aim of the study was to evaluates the determinants, dynamics of poverty and households coping mechanisms in rural south east of Nigeria. The specific objectives of the study were to: (i) identify the major determinants of rural poverty in South-East, Nigeria, (ii) ascertain the direction of poverty dynamics among rural households in South-East, Nigeria and (iii) identify major poverty coping mechanisms adopted by rural households in South-East, Nigeria.