Volume 10, Issue 10, October 2022 Edition - GSJ Journal Publication

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Value Added Analysis Of Mang Ncun Shredded Catfish: Case Study In MSME Cv. Adisyafidz Barokah, Nagreg-West Java, Indonesia []

The purpose of this study was to analyze the added value and profits of entrepreneurs as well as the marketing analysis of catfish processed into shredded fish products at UMKM CV. Adisyafidz Barokah. The method used in this study is a purposive method. Respondents interviewed in this study were owners of Adiyasfidz Barokah. Data collection methods used in this study include interviews, recording and observation. The data analysis method used in this research is quantitative descriptive analysis. Measurement of added value using the Hayami method. The research results show that catfish processed into shredded products provides the added value of more than 0 (AV > 0) which means that this business is feasible to run. The processed product of shredded fish has an added value of Rp. 157,000.00-/kg and a value added ratio of 86.2%. Fish products that are processed into shredded fish cost 0.52 times the price of fish sold fresh. The results are 3.7% of direct labor income, 4.8% of other input contributions and 91.3% of entrepreneur profits. The efficiency of production costs must be done so that the business can make a profit. The added value and profits obtained by the fish processing industry are strongly influenced by the production costs incurred. The marketing of shredded catfish "Mang Ncun" takes geographic segmentation, namely the Nagreg area and its surroundings. There are rival competitors 1. Pricing uses the Cost Plus Pricing method. Promotion is carried out by participating in various exhibitions held by other agencies or events and utilizing social media such as WhatsApp, Instagram, and Facebook.

Assessment of Nurses knowledge toward COVID-19 Diseases Prevention and Infection Control []

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019, the highly contagious Infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus 2, has had a catastrophic effect on the World’s demographics resulting in more than 2.9 million deaths Worldwide, emerging as the most consequential global health crisis Since the era of the influenza pandemic of 1918. After the first cases of this predominantly respiratory illness were first reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, in late December 2019. Objectives: Assessment of nurses’ knowledge toward COVID-19 infection control and prevention and Find out the relationship between the nurses’ knowledge and their demographic data. Methodology: A descriptive study that was performed on (162) nurses working in the isolation area at Al-Amal Specialized Hospital for Communicable Diseases in Najaf Al- Ashraf during three shifts. During the period of the study samples were selected through Non-Probability (Convenience Sample). A questionnaire was constructed to assess nurses' knowledge toward control and prevention of (COVID-19) and consisted of: Part I: The Socio-Demographic Characteristics This part is involved the collection of demographic data obtained from the nurses by interview questionnaire forma which is comprised of (5) items including such as (gender, age, work place, No. of training course, and years of service). Part II: Questionnaire related to Nurses Knowledge toward Control and Prevention of COVID-19 Infection. This questionnaire to assessment of nurses’ knowledge toward covid-19 diseases prevention and infection control. It was consisted of (17) items Results: The findings of the present study indicate that the overall knowledge assessment about Prevention and control of COVID-19, it shows that nurses have moderate knowledge. In addition, that there is association between the nurses’ knowledge regarding prevention and control of COVID-19 and their demographic data, it shows that there is a non-significant association between the nurses’ knowledge regarding Prevention and control of COVID-19 and their demographic data; except with number of Training Courses in which there is significant association. Conclusions: The study concludes that overall knowledge assessment about Prevention and control of COVID-19, it shows that nurses have moderate knowledge. Recommendations: The study recommends Nurse in Isolation wards must take the opportunity for continuing their education to maintain knowledge and skills, designating and distributing a booklet to all nurses who work in isolation wards including prevention and control of COVID-19. And education programs for nurses may motivate their knowledge regarding prevention and control of COVID-19. Key wards: Assessment, Nurses, Knowledge, Prevention, Infection Control, COVID-19.


The purpose of this study is to address some main factors that affect students’ perception of online learning and discuss its potential to make it more inclusive and comprehensive. One of the objectives of this study is assessing the level of influence of each factor toward perception. This goal has been followed by using a model examining the impact of Motivation, Perceived Usefulness, Perceived Ease of Use, Instructor, Interaction and Academic Integrity as the hypotheses of study. A sample of 119 students of Banking university of Ho Chi Minh city have participated in this study. The respondents' answers were tested through the use of Cronbach's Alpha and Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA). Finally, regression analysis was used on data in order to test hypotheses of study. The results show that Motivation, Perceived Usefulness, Interaction and Academic Integrity are factors affecting online learning perception, in which Motivation has the most influence. This thesis serves as a theoretical basis about the perception of Banking University students toward online learning for researchers, academic staff in Vietnam who want to do further research in this area. From there, some recommendations are made to help expanding online learning offerings in the post-crisis period. Keywords: COVID-19, online learning, perception, motivation, interaction, academic integrity

Teachers’ experiences in the inclusion of learners who are blind in regular primary school classes in Umzingwane District, Zimbabwe. []

The current study explored teachers’ experiences in the inclusion of learners who are blind in regular primary school classes in Umzingwane District. Entrenched in the inclusive pedagogy , the present interpretive qualitative case study executed semi-structured face-to-face individual interviews with 30 participants ( 12 males and 18 females) with experiences in the inclusion of learners who are blind in regular primary school classes, document analysis and non-participant observations to collect data. Braun and Clarke’s (2006) thematic analysis was used to analyse data. Teachers used various teaching strategies that include use of teacher assistant to support the classroom teacher, use of verbalisation approach, use of concretisation method, group work and the use of audio materials to facilitate learning. Teachers experienced various challenges including frustration by the students due to disability, inadequate teaching and learning resources, technical ability to use the Braille, challenges of mobility and orientation and the class sizes are too big for effective teaching. Teachers experienced successes including meaningful participation and cooperation learning, use of pre and post vocabulary teaching, and high level tolerance by children who are sighted to those who are blind .This study is a baseline for future studies on teachers’ experiences in the inclusion of learners who are blind in regular primary school classes.

Factors influencing bean and maize yields in two contrasting agro-ecological zones in Rwanda []

Climate is key input of rainfed agricultural. Climate variability and change has been the most important determinant of crop yield in Rwanda and the other parts of the world. However, understanding of the effect of climate variability on maize and beans at Rusizi and Nyagatare in Rwanda. The effect of climatic parameter on maize and beans yields scales was evaluated in order to provide basis for maize and beans crop monitoring and modelling.

Examination of the effectiveness of Newboudia Leavis Leaf Extract as an Inhibitor of Stainless-Steel Corrosion in Sulphuric Acid using Gravimetric and Potential Dynamic Polarization Approach []

Despite the fact that stainless steels are very resistant to corrosion, applications made of them can still be vulnerable to surface deterioration, oxidation, corrosion, rusting, or staining over time in hostile (acidic medium) conditions if they are not kept clean and maintained regularly. A rapid deterioration of the metal is also caused by repeated mechanical damage. A minimum of 10.5% of the weight of all stainless steels is chromium. As stainless steel has a higher chromium concentration than ordinary steels, it is shielded from corrosion by a layer known as the passive layer. Greater corrosion resistance is associated with increased chromium concentration. Since there isn't enough chromium for the passive layer to regenerate after injury, stainless steel rusts, necessitating the use of an inhibitor to safeguard it. Using gravimetric and potentiodynamic polarization techniques, this study uses the extract of Newbouldia laevis leaf as a corrosion inhibitor for stainless steel grade 2304 in 1 mole sulphuric acid. The results of this study showed that the Newbouldia Laevis Leaf extract was effective in preventing corrosion of 2304 stainless steel in a solution of 1 molar sulphuric acid. The inhibitor enhances stainless steel's passivation. With an increase in inhibitor concentration, their inhibition becomes more effective. The results of the weight loss experiment, which reached a maximum efficiency of 88%, are comparable with the results of the polarization investigation, which showed a spontaneous rise in inhibition efficiency that peaked at 92% when the inhibitor concentration increased from 0.1 to 0.5 g/L.


ABSTRACT This study examined the impact of macro-economic aggregates on economic growth of the Nigeria for the period 1981 to 2020. To carry out this study five research objectives and research questions formulated that evolved five hypotheses. The study adopted the ex-post facto design which utilized secondary data that were inputted into the E-views 9 Econometric Software to produce the cointegration test results via The ARDL Bounds test, short run and long run estimates of the model, the granger causality test results, the diagnostic test results and forecast. The macro-economic variables that were utilized in the model were Real Gross domestic product (a proxy for economic growth), GOREV, GOEXP, UNEMRATE and INFLR. Findings from the study showed GOREV, GOEXP, UNEMRATE and INFLR were statistically significant in the long run. There was also evidence of cointegration in the model. On the basis of the findings made, it was concluded that macro-economic aggregates have impacted on economic growth of the Nigeria. On the basis of recommendations, it was recommended that GOREV and GOEXP be regulated to avoid gyrations in the long run; and UNEMRATE and INFLR macro-economic aggregates should be carefully managed to play greater positive role in the economy in the long run


Background: Tuberculosis (TB) infection is one of the major causes of death among infectious diseases worldwide. Health Care Professionals (HCPs) are more vulnerable compared to the rest of the people. Increased nosocomial infection of TB transmission in health facilities is due to poor knowledge among HCPs. This study aimed to assess the knowledge of Health Care Professionals toward TB infection control in health centers of Gasabo district, Rwanda. Methods: This study was conducted under a cross-sectional study design. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection. This study’s population was 303 healthcare professionals with a sample size of 173 study participants The descriptive statistic analysis was carried out by the SPSS version 22. The overall rating regarding the knowledge level was based on Bloom’s cut-off where the poor level of the overall score was set under 60% while the rate above 60% was taken as a good level. Results: The results showed that the socio-demographic characteristics were dominated by a young age structure from 31 to 40 years with 70.5% while females were 71.7%. The nursing profession was the most represented with 87.9%. The overall good knowledge was 74.6% while the poor knowledge was 63% among the study participants. Conclusion: The study concluded that the level of knowledge was high among healthcare professionals. This requires a sustainable improvement with programmed training to continually increase the TBIC knowledge level to protect health and limit tuberculosis infection among health professionals. Keywords: Knowledge, practice, tuberculosis, Infection, control.


This study is entitled “Infrastructural facilities availability and rural community development in Rwanda”. The main objective was to examine the role of existing infrastructures in Rwanda's rural community development. The specific objectives were the following: To assess the influence of existing hard infrastructural facilities on rural community development in Rwanda, to assess the contribution of existing soft infrastructural facilities on rural community development in Rwanda, and to determine the challenges associated with infrastructures in accelerating rural community development in Rwanda. Concerning the methodology, a descriptive research design was used in this study. The target population comprised the inhabitants of Gicumbi district. They were estimated to 395,606. The sample of 120 people was selected based on Slovin’s formula. The study used both secondary and primary data collection methods. The data processing tool such as Excel was used and editing and tabulation were done for analysis of the data collected. The study results revealed that 70% of the respondents stated that their roads are in a good condition, 9.2% use electricity as a main source of power, 64.2% use mobile phones in terms of Information and Communication Technologies, and 90.8% have access to improved drinking water. This district access to improved water sources is relatively high with 31.9% of piped water. The majority of the population consumes water from protected springs that constitute 58.9% of the sources. In terms of health care, the district has 25 health facilities including a referral hospital and health centers. In education sector, available infrastructure is enough to serve the whole community and the Government facilitates access to education through the program Nine Years Basic Education. Moreover, the study results revealed that although the availability of quality infrastructure in Gicumbi guaranteed increase in production and productivity, this study has found out that there is not any significant difference in the wellbeing of Gicumbi residents between before and after infrastructural facilities availability. There is a prevalence of extreme poverty because there is a significant number of adult-equivalent persons whose annual consumption of food products is lower than the extreme poverty line. The challenges were identified when 88% of the respondents stated that there is a lack of community engagement to maximize utilization of existing infrastructure towards their development, 68% of the respondents mentioned a lack of community engagement and alignment with stakeholders to drive inclusive economic growth and social benefits, 90% of the respondents blamed the Government institutions for not providing fair and efficient environment for business and the pursuit of happiness, 79% of the respondents argued that existing infrastructures are poorly distributed while 63% of the respondents stated that there is a lack of infrastructure maintenance. At the end of the study, recommendations were addressed to the Government of Rwanda and local community, such as discouraging any acts of rendering useless existing infrastructures.


The study examined the challenges of skills development for self reliance among technology education students in tertiary institutions in Northern Central Nigeria. Two research questions guided the study. One hypothesis was formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The entire population of 485, which comprised 109 lecturers and 376 300L students of 2018/2019 academic session from six Colleges of Education from north central states were used for the study. A 40-item questionnaire was used for data collection. The instrument was validated by three experts. Cronbach Alpha reliability method was used to determine the internal consistency of the instrument at a coefficient of 0.87. A total of 485 copies of the questionnaire were administered but only 473 were retrieved (104 lecturers, 369 students). The retrieved copies were analyzed using mean, standard deviation and t-test. The study found that sixteen challenges of skills development were identified by the lecturers, while the students identified seventeen challenges. These include; inadequate number of qualified lecturers and workshop personnel, inappropriate workshops and laboratories, inappropriate tools, machines and equipment, among others.. The study also revealed that sourcing for adequate number of competent lecturers and workshop personnel by providing incentives, provision of appropriate workshops, tools, machines, equipment and consumable materials, among others are the remedies for skills development. Based on the findings, it is recommended that there should be proper funding of technology education by the government and other stakeholders. It is also recommended that adequate time should be allocated for practical skills development.


This article aims to review the use of fish skin into non-food products carried out in Indonesia both on a home industry scale and still on a research scale. Based on the results of literature studies, information was obtained that fish skin, fish processing industry waste can be used as non-food products. Some non-food products that can be made from fish skin 1) Processing fish skin into the same skin as Down-stream Product Raw Materials. 2) Extraction of Gelatin from Fish Skin for Photoresist and Capsule Shell. 3) Fish Skin as an ingredient in Healing Burns. 4) Extraction of Collagen from Fish Skin for Lotions (Cosmetics).


One of the key elements of feed that promotes the best possible growth of fish and cattle is protein. Protein can be obtained from two sources to meet the fish requirements: animal protein and plant protein (vegetable protein). Alternative sources, such as those from plants or other industrial processes, might be used as one of the protein sources for fish feed. Numerous aquatic and terrestrial plants are said to contain significant levels of protein, both naturally and as a result of modern farming opera-tions, making them suitable to be utilized as feed components for fish feed that contains vegetable protein sources. Vegetable protein sources can be utilized to replace fish meal in feed formulations, making feed more cost-effective while still providing a complete dose of animal protein. This essay will discuss various plant-based sources of protein as well as agricultural industrial waste used as an element in fish feed. According to the literature review, it is clear that there are many different sources of vege-table protein, which have a wide range of varieties and a significant number of possibilities for application as sources of vegeta-ble protein as fish and livestock feed.


Meningiomas are the most commonly found intracranial tumor among all other brain tumors. Many advanced pieces of research are being conducted in the advancement, management, and treatment of these tumors. These are expected to accelerate, potentially leading to impactful changes in the management of meningiomas in the near and medium term. In this systemic review, all molecular pathology, clinical, radiographic presentation along with therapeutic management, Surgery, and radiotherapy of these tumors is briefly discussed. it also includes recent 2016 updates to the WHO classification of CNS tumors. In addition to data from prior and ongoing investigations of other treatment modalities, including systemic and targeted therapies, the two longstanding primary therapeutic modalities, are also covered. This review will quickly update the reader on contemporary management and future directions in meningiomas. In this review, the present standard of care, treatment, and key clinical trials that inform current decision-making, as well as ongoing trials for molecularly defined meningioma subtypes are discussed