Volume 10, Issue 9, September 2022 Edition - GSJ Journal Publication
     
Fiscal Market and Price Forecasting Through Machine Learning Techniques [PDF]
Muhammad DanyalWith the appearance of technological wonders which include global digitization, inventory marketplace forecasting has entered a generation of superior technology, reshaping the traditional business model. Many analysts and researchers have advanced equipment and strategies to are expecting inventory rate moves and assist traders make knowledgeable decisions. This paper provides a detailed evaluation of multiple strategies proposed in the past to indicate share prices, and then an appraisal of novel strategies. Time series data are used to demonstrate asset values, and neural networks are trained to learn patterns from market trend. Stock price predicting the future related to particular economic trends is a moment but essential task. Machine learning can assist investors in this method. That is, shareholders will be willing to participate in choosing or making investments in an industry for whom the value is growing exponentially on a regular basis. Assemble historical data as well as predict outcomes. Consider the Support Vector Machine (SVM), Recurrent Neural Network (NN), Deep Neural Network, and Linear Regression machine learning techniques. All of these characteristics are examined individually as well. We performed a thorough review of frequently applied machine learning models and concluded that the proposed solution outperforms the existing the comprehensive feature extraction we conceived. The above framework predicting share prices with a high degree of certainty. This work contributes to the society of capital analysis researchers in both the technical and financial areas.
EFFECTIVENESS OF SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIALS IN DEVELOPING VOCABULARY COMPETENCE UTILIZING VIDEO LESSONS AMONG GRADE 5 LEARNERS [PDF]
ESTRELLA A. ANDRES; CORNELIO C. ROLLO, PhD; AURELIO C. CAGANG, PhDAbstract. This study aimed to find out whether utilizing video lessons was effective in improving the vocabulary competence of Grade 5 learners. The subjects of the study were forty (40) learners of Saavedra Saway Central Elementary School for the school year 2020-2021 in General Santos City, Philippines. The study used the experimental single-group design using Pre-Test and Post-Test. Frequency counts and t-test for uncorrelated sample was used to treat the data gathered. The findings of the study revealed that most of the Grade 5 learners improved in their vocabulary competence after the use of supplementary material. Nevertheless, these supplementary materials were useful and should be utilized by teachers to help students improve their vocabulary competence.
Keywords: Supplementary materials, education, developing vocabulary competence, video lessons, grade 5 learners, experimental single-group design, pre-test, post-test, Philippines
UNDERSTANDING EXPERIENCES OF INFECUND TEACHERS IN THE ACADEME [PDF]
ROZEL MAE Q. ROCHA; JOHNNY S. BANTULO, EdD; GERALDINE D. RODRIGUEZ, EdDAbstract. The purpose of this phenomenological hermeneutics study is to describe the experiences of infecund teachers in the academe in the Division of Sarangani. Qualitative research design using phenomenological hermeneutics approach was employed to delineate the views, feelings, perceptions of childless lady teachers. Five participants underwent an in-depth interview to discover the world based in their experiences. The data gathered was categorized into three main themes: the feeling of emptiness and leverage in time and resources; emotional and social pressure; and hope and optimism. The findings disclose that they common ideas and experiences being childless teacher. The participants viewed infecund teachers as they feel the emptiness in their lives but they recognized that they have abundant time and resources to share to their children. The participants divulge that infecund teacher have positive and negative impacts on them.
Keywords: Infecund teacher, understanding experiences, views, phenomenological hermeneutics study, Philippines
The Response of Industrial Production to the macroeconomic factors:
New Evidence for Tunisia [PDF]
Fakher SMAOUI, Fatma SMAOUI, Niazi KAMMOUNThis paper examines the macroeconomic factors-industrial production nexus in Tunisia by using the cointegration test. In addition, the functions of impulse responses is used to examine the impact of oil price, oil price uncertainty, stock market index, inflation rate, interest rate, and the Economic policy uncertainty on industrial production growth. Quaterly data from 2010 to 2021 are utilized. Empirical results reveal that there is a long-run relationship between industrial production and variables that reflect different macroeconomic factors. The shocks to lending rate, crude oil price, and the oil price uncertainty affect negatively industrial production in the long term. Also, we find that Industrial production adjusts in the long run to shocks to price level, stock market index and international environment. These findings give some policy implications. To combat this monetary inflation, interest rates would have to be raised to reduce inflation, Tunisia may build up oil security stocks that they can make available to reduce the impact of a temporary shortage or a significant price increase. A longer-term solution is to adopt renewable energies. These considerations lead us to conclude that better governance is necessary for the Tunisian economy to claim resistance to the various shocks that could come from the national or international environment..
Effect of Human Hair as Soil Amendment and Nutrient Source (Available Nitrogen) [PDF]
Arun Kumar Kharel, Iswar Man Amatya , Dr. Mahesh BhattaraiSixteen set of samples with four different cases were tested in frequency of 30 days up to 150 days. First case was of soil only, 6 kg each kept in four set of plastic containers. Second case was of mixes of soil and cow dung in proportions of soil 6kg and cow dung 10%, 15%, 20% and 25% by weight of soil each in four set of plastic containers. Third case was of mixes of soil, cow dung and hair in proportions of soil 6 kg, cow dung 10%, 15%, 20% and 25% by weight of soil and hair 1%, 2%, 3% and 4% by weight of soil each in four set of plastic containers. Fourth case was of mixes of soil and hair in proportions of soil 6kg and hair 1%, 2%, 3% and 4% by weight of soil each in four set of plastic containers. The test was carried out in controlled moisture condition by covering the plastic container by plastic sheet. Increment in percentage available nitrogen value has reached 67.7% for combination of soil 6kg and cow dung 10% by weight of soil up to 87.88% for combination of soil 6kg and cow dung 25% by weight of soil in 150 days. While increment in percentage available nitrogen value has reached 128% for combination of soil 6kg, cow dung 10% and hair 1% by weight of soil up to 242% for combination of soil 6kg, cow dung 25% and hair 4% by weight of soil in 150 days. Similarly, increment in percentage available nitrogen value has reached 42% for combination of soil 6kg and hair 1% by weight of soil up to 50% for combination of soil 6kg and hair 4% by weight of soil in 150 days. Hence, hair has found maximum effect in combination with soil and cow dung and can be effectively utilized as nutrient source for soil matrix.
Improvement of Dredging Productivity in Niger Delta Using Predictive Method [PDF]
CHUKA, E.I., NKOI, B., AND ISAAC, E.O.ABSTRACT
Dredging activities are becoming common as the demand for sand in urban development of cities, construction, dredging of rivers etc . This project was aimed at developing a method of executing dredging activities in the Niger Delta of Nigeria using predictive algorithm to improve productivity. The researcher was based on two major classification of grain sizes and these have different effects on the productions of the various sites used. This project was evaluated using all the necessary factors affecting production. Such as Pipe Line Length of discharge, digging Depth, Dredge capacity, ours of dredging, operational cost, quantity produced and grain size. A method was created to predict future dredging activities from data obtained from these sites in the Niger Delta. This would help current and future investors in the dredging industry in Nigeria to further understand the implication of dredging activities and the variables of production in sand dredging. The application can be compiled to be used on computer systems operating MATLAB and mobile devices as well.
Imitation Innovation Strategy, Case
Study: “the Trinity” Synergy Innovation Mechanism [PDF]
Marwane FettachThe progress of science and technology and the development of innovation activities are the important impetus for the rapid development of China’s economy. Due to the low level of technology, insufficient funds, and scarce resources for scientific and technological innovation, China’s innovation strategy tends to imitate technological innovation. For developing countries, this model of imitation and innovation has indeed played an important role in improving a country’s technological conditions and laid a technological foundation for catching up with developed countries. First, this paper defines the concept of imitation innovation, analyzes the relationship between imitation innovation and independent innovation, the issue between imitation innovation and intellectual property, and the influence factors of imitation innovation; secondly, the influence of imitation innovation on enterprise innovation performance is summarized. Finally, future research on imitation innovation prospects.
HEALTH PROFILE OF TEACHERS IN GENERAL SANTOS CITY NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL: BASIS FOR A PROPOSAL HEALTH AND WELLNESS PROGRAM [PDF]
NORALYN L. CABARUBIAS; JOHNNY S. BANTULO, EdD; JEAN CANDA, EdDAbstract. The purpose of this study was to determine the health profile of teachers as a basis for an intervention program. The researcher used a cross-sectional survey method of research. The respondents of the study were 315 teachers from five curricula of Junior high school. It was found out that majority of the teachers have 36.4°C to 37.2°C body temperature, which means normal. In terms of vision, majority of the teachers have 20/20 vision, which means they can see 20 feet away from the Snellen chart. In terms of smell, through an odor awareness scale, majority of the teachers have positive smelling. In addition, it was found that the hearing of the respondents was classified into four categories: normal, moderate, severe, severe to profound, and profound through the use of amplified speech devices. However, when teeth were examined, it was found out that the respondents have a complete set of normal teeth and have no problem in their throat. Indeed, the height and weight are directly proportional to each other in order to get the Body Mass Index result. Furthermore, the Body Mass Index showed that majority of the respondents were normal. Hence, the findings of the study motivated the researcher come up with a health and wellness intervention program that would be beneficial for the teachers to promote a healthier life and productive teaching workforce.
Keywords: Health profile, teachers, intervention program, cross-sectional survey, Philippines
Knowledge, Availment, Observation and Implementation of School Health Programs Among School Nurses, Teachers and Students [PDF]
Ma. Erlinda Ranchez, RNThis study aims to determine the extent of (a) implementation (b) knowledge (c) availment (d) observation of school health programs among private schools as rated by teachers, school nurses and students. (e) Identify differences among private schools in the extent of implementation of programs, observation, knowledge and availment. (f) Determine differences among the knowledge and availment of students to the observation of teachers and the implementation of the school nurse. A descriptive-comparative design was used in this study. The researcher utilized a self-constructed survey questionnaire aligned with the DepEd school health manual. Data were gathered in different private secondary education institutions in Peńablanca, Cagayan and Tuguegarao City, Cagayan. Evidence show that implementation is at full extent (2.52), knowledge is fully understood (2.39), availment is partially availed (2.20), and observation is partially observed (2.34). Data showed that School B (2.48) attained highest implementation followed by School C (2.35), School A (2.24) and lastly School D (2.05). Data tend to elucidate that the school health program as mandated by the Department of Education is being implemented by school nurses in all participating private schools although one school seemed to implement it with a greater extent. Students and teachers themselves seemed to negate to avail the full benefit with regards to the four components of school health programs being offered.
Keywords: Knowledge, Availment, School Health Programs, Cagayan and Tuguegarao City
CYBERWARFARE: A REVIEW OF ATTACK MITIGATIONS AND DEFENSE MECHANISM [PDF]
Victor Thomas EMMAH, Godsfavour UKORMA, Ikechi Benibo ORIJIThe world is currently in an era of conflict and cyber-warfare where a nation engages the expertise of hackers to attack vulnerabilities of a rival nation government security systems, financial markets and power grids, and the result of these attacks is as disastrous and devastating as various military arsenals of mass destruction. Cyber-warfare is an Internet-based conflict involving politically motivated attacks on information and information systems which aim to steal or alter classified data, disrupt or disable essential services, disable official websites and networks and cripple financial systems amongst many other possibilities. This paper provides a review of the different methods of attack and defense mechanisms to mitigate and repel cyber-warfare on a nation or organization.
International Trade: “Strategies, Opportunities and Challenges for Multinational Companies” [PDF]
Edna Saavedra Galvez, Shamseen Raza RizviThis paper aims to discuss the strategies, opportunities and challenges of international trade for multinational companies across different countries. It shows how they cope up with the risk and issues of dealing with current situation of international trade. The significant challenges involved in managing international trade and how the multinational companies trade their business with the use of a plan, and adherence to new rules and regulations in foreign trade are discussed. This study elaborates the general information about currency rates, language barriers and politics that causes the complexities in international business. Also, the contribution of technology in the growth of international business is discussed. It has a broad coverage of various issues involved in foreign trade. Also, the impact of pandemic on the world trade that brought about a sharp decline in the international trade due to closing of borders is discussed. Lastly, we examine the pros and cons of international trade and what possible recommendations can be given to resolve the foreign trade issues and improve the trade are discussed.
A Generic Tool For Auditing Smart Homes From A User Perspective [PDF]
Metto S. Kimutai, Omieno K. Kelvin, Ondulo M. JasperWith the rapid development of information technology and the increasing popularity of information and communication technology, the information age has come. There are many characteristics of a smart home but key of them is the ability to obtain information from the environment and respond accordingly. However, little work has studied ways in which smart home users can do evaluation of their own homes. Vendors have developed large-scale information system for smart homes which should is a concern in audit work. The objective of this paper is to develop a tool that can help any user to evaluate their homes before, during and after leaving a smart home with an objective to promote awareness and personal safety. It extracts some actionable activities from existing security models of auditing and best practices for conducting security audits of Internet of Things devices. The paper provides a tool to use in ensuring all devices installed in the smart home have control features, access controls provide confidentiality, authentication and authorization, which is comprehensive and effective. This tool is part of the effort to make more audits in smart homes easier and understandable to the users on what needs to be addressed. The paper also identifies some challenges that is often the decision of devices when there are false positives and false negatives.
POPULATION GROWTH AND SOLID WASTE GENERATION IN THE URBAN MUNICIPALITY OF GAO, MALI [PDF]
Dr. ABDOULKADRI OUMAROU TOURE, Dr. FATOUMATA MAIGA, Dr. ISSA OUATTARAThe urban municipality of Gao, located in the North-East of Mali, has been booming since the 2012 security crisis due to the fact that it is welcoming more and more refugees, displaced persons but also candidates for migration to Europe, artisanal gold miners and civil servants/soldiers who come there to work. This phenomenon has caused an unprecedented population growth. As a result, the quantities of waste have become larger and more difficult to manage. The objective of this study is to analyze the relationship between population growth and the production of solid waste in the urban municipality of Gao and the implications of this correlation. The methodology adopted consisted of a bibliographical analysis, field surveys of actors in the waste sector and surveys of the GPS points of the main dumps (official and anarchic). The results show that the quantity of waste produced per person per day has increased from 0.5 kg in 2009 to 0.9 kg in 2020. Thus, the total production of solid waste in the urban municipality of Gao has respectively increased from 43.17 tons at 109.85 tons per day. As the community is not prepared to receive such a human wave, the waste has become more cumbersome and the infrastructure, equipment and appropriate storage areas are lacking. This results in a deterioration of the living environment of the populations and the increase in diseases such as malaria, typhoid fever and respiratory infections, which constitutes a significant health risk. Waste is more of a problem for the urban environment and contributes to the mortality of livestock and the degradation of soils and waterways. To meet this challenge, it is important to adopt concerted waste management between the players.
Keywords: Population growth, solid waste, Gao.
Entrepreneurial spirit, knowledge institutions and the creative economy [PDF]
Abubakar Mamman-MuhammadAccording to an UNCTAD report, countries are encouraged to maximise the enormous opportunities in its creative industries, by giving priorities to its greatest assets (people), this can be achieved via viable government policies, skills acquisition, trainings in marketing and branding and the mutual exchange of best practises. It can achieve all these when it leverages on its ability to direct necessary funds into its grey economies. These types of intervention are capable of boosting the economic landscape where the social value of the creative and cultural industries as a viable growth indicator is recognized. In the international community and other competitive socio-economic environments, the creative industry is rather too significant to be left in the hands of individual businesses to manage; it is indeed a national project, which is often backed by legislation and necessary funding. The creative industry is a nesting ground for entrepreneurial spirit and innovation. Moreover, when these innovations stretch beyond an in-house process to an activity that draws the attention of knowledge institutions, then we must define these relationships to examine how the entrepreneurial spirit and knowledge institutions function mutually in a creative economy.
Applied Study of Community-Based River Ecotourism Model
In Gowa Regency [PDF]
Taba, Muhammad Idrus; Parawansa, Dian AS; Ismail, MuhammadTourism is one of the major industries that continues to grow in university studies. This study aims to reveal a model of tourism business development by supporting the improvement of community enterprises in the Biroro River Bontolerung area, Gowa Regency. The applied method is descriptive-qualitative with unit analysis of product resources and social resources at the level of the research site. This research identified the concept of tourism activities that could be developed in the Biroro Bontolerung river area based on the concept of experiential tourism. In addition, this research resulted in the mapping of interests and interests of relevant stakeholders, to be further explored in development decision-making for government and community.
Keywords: ecotourism model; river excursions; visit to the community base
Conceptual analysis of infrastructural requirements for automated power theft tracking system in Ghana [PDF]
Baah Appiah-Kubi, Mark Amo-Boateng, Bismark Boamah, E O.Abstract
Electricity usage has become one of the key attributes to socioeconomic and environmental development worldwide. It has led to touch many sectors of the economy, since its growth is highly reliant on the development of the power sector. Hence the aim of this study is to investigate infrastructural requirements for tracking power theft in NEDCo-Ghana. This study endorsed a cross-sectional survey plan and also employed a random study method. The research formed part of a bigger study which started in March, 2019 and ended in May 2021.
Structured questionnaire which consisted of open ended and close ended were designed for consumers to answer. A total of 140 questionnaires were deployed to all the selected which falls within the NEDCo area of operation. On the basis of strategy of the research team, we divided the regions in to 2 equal halves thus (Savanna and Upper West) representing the Northern belt and whereas the other 2 regions (Bono and Bono East) were also known to be the Middle belt. This study demonstrates inefficiency relating to infrastructural deficit in the energy sector of Ghana and the need to embrace new technologies to help fight power loses in the energy sector. This will lead to give accurate measures to revenue mobilization issues and also account for power supplied to consumers.
ROBOTICS EDUCATION: APPLICATION AND OUTCOMES OF A SECONDARY SCHOOL GIRLS ROBOTICS SUMMER CAMP PROGRAM [PDF]
Okocha Chibuzor J, Odey Nicholas T., Ekwunife Onyeka C, Serena Eluemelem-Hubert, Ohiocheoya Emmanuel R.Robotics education for girls combines innately creative craft materials, standard robotics components, a bespoke programming environment, and professional development for teachers to create Secondary school classrooms that can benefit from flexible robotics intervention. The robotic program was put together to engage teenage girls from the underrepresented community; the Summer camp is an initiative that promotes the creation of collaborative expression-focused robots, locomotive robots, renewable robots like the wind turbine, feedback robots with sensors like the touch, light, ultrasonic and gyro sensors as opposed to more autonomous robots. In addition, competitive task-focused robot activities are frequently used. Botcamp emphasizes integration into conventional basic science classes such as basic science and essential technology to attract a wider audience. A larger student body than would be enrolled in electives Programs in technology and acquire interests in science and technology.
This paper discusses some classroom scenarios. initiatives, teamwork, problem solving, design thinking creativity. engineering education activities, such as hands-on knowledge of computer programming and prototyping, and the engineering design process. We present our outcomes grouped within three primary themes: first, in Technological Fluency, we present students’ self-reporting of concepts learned, confidence with technology, and breaking of technology stereotypes; second, in Complementary Non-Technical Skills like communication and team work, we present other skills students learned by participating in the robotic camp program.
IMPACT OF EARNINGS MANAGEMENT ON FIRM VALUE WITH MEDIATING ROLE OF EXCESS CASH HOLDING "
EVIDENCE FROM PAKISTAN, INDIA, AND BANGLADESH [PDF]
Mahwish AyubThis study examines how excess cash plays a mediating role between earnings management and firm value on companies operating in Pakistan, India and Bangladesh. Our data consists of sample of 520 observations covering 45 firms listed in the Karachi, Bombay and Dhaka Stock Exchange respectively in the period from 2011 to 2019. We have used OLS regression analysis. We found that excess cash holding has a mediating impact on firm value and earning management confirming pecking order theory. Our results show that earnings management has a positive impact on firm value on companies in Pakistan, India and Bangladesh which supports the efficient earnings management view. We also found that managers working in Pakistani, Indian and Bangladeshi firms are less likely to use excess cash for manipulating earnings. We provide empirical evidence that firms that hold excess cash seem to hold it for precautionary purpose rather than for earnings management and the excess corporate liquidity of Pakistani, Indian and Bangladeshi firms are used for value-enhancing activities. Our study merges two areas of corporate finance by incorporating agency problems concerning earnings management, firm value and cash holdings.
Internet Addiction Disorder and its Associated Factors and Educational Intervention for its Prevention among 15-19-Year-Old Adolescents in Colombo District, Sri Lanka [PDF]
Internet addiction disorder is growing as a potentially problematic condition, especially among adolescents. Nonetheless, the disorder is widespread and problematic, limited scientific evidence is available globally as well as locally.
The objective was to validate Internet Addiction Test to assess Internet addiction disorder and to determine its prevalence and associated factors, and to determine the effectiveness of the developed educational package for the prevention.
The study had three different study designs. Internet Addiction Test (IAT) developed by Young (1998) was validated to two languages. Statistical analysis was carried out to test the construct validity using SPSS-21 with a sample of 228 for the IAT-Sinhala version and a sample of 225 for the IAT-Tamil version. A total of 239 and 240 study participants were selected for IAT-Sinhala and IAT-Tamil versions for the samples of Confirmatory Factor Analysis respectively. The statistical analysis was carried out by using LISREL 8.8. The reliability was assessed by internal consistency and test-retest reliability.
School-based descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 15-19-year-old adolescents in Colombo district. A total sample of 1351 adolescents was recruited by multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method. Multivariate Logistic Regression analysis to determine the associated factors of Internet addiction disorder.
In Quasi experimental study adolescents of two separate educational zones were selected for the Intervention group (n=280) and control group (n=290). Primary and secondary outcomes were compared between study groups by chi-square test and paired t-test using the SPSS-21 version.
The IAT-Sinhala version demonstrated a four-factor model consisting of 20 items with the model indices of RMSEA= 0.06, CFI= 0.93, NNFI= 0.91, SRMR= 0.063, and GFI=0.77. It had an acceptable internal consistency with a Cronbach alpha value of 0.782. The IAT-Tamil version had a three-factor model with 20 items and the model indices were RMSEA=0.07, CFI=0.91, NNFI=0.87, and SRMR=0.066. It was also demonstrated excellent levels of reliability with a Cronbach alpha value of 0.948.
The prevalence of Internet addiction disorder among 15- to 19-year-old adolescents in Colombo district was 17.2% (95% CI: 15.2-19.3).
Male sex (AOR=2.27;95%CI:1.27-4.07), excessive use of social media (AOR=4.32; 95%CI:2.12-8.80), lack of engagement in outdoor sports (AOR=5.4;95%CI:2.49-11.73), unemployed mother (AOR=2.06;95%CI:1.40-3.04), excessive engagement of internet gaming (AOR=1.94;95%CI:1.34-2.82), and excessive internet usage time per day for nonacademic activities (AOR=2.59; 95%CI:1.71-3.91) were statistically significant.
Following the intervention, the proportion of adolescents with the Internet addiction disorder in the intervention group was less in comparison with the control group and the difference was statistically significant (χ2=9.026, df=1, p=0.003).
Conclusions and recommendations
Both IAT-Sinhala and Tamil versions were valid and reliable tools to assess Internet addiction disorder among 15-19-year-old school-going adolescents in Sri Lanka. The prevalence of Internet addiction disorder among 15- to 19-year-old adolescents in Colombo district is within the range of regional levels. Future studies of qualitative methodology Both versions of validated IAT and the developed educational package are recommended to use in future prevention programs.