Volume 12, Issue 3, March 2024 Edition - GSJ Journal Publication

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Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is among the leading causes of sickness and death in the Philippines. Latest estimates show that around 2.3 million Filipinos have CKD. In 2016, the Bicol Region recorded a total of 786 patients undergoing hemodialysis, with 281 hailing from the province of Albay. This study assessed the common causes of renal failure among patients in dialysis centers in Albay. In addition, demographic profiles such as age, sex, highest educational attainment, nature of employment, family monthly income, past medical and family history records were also considered. Specifically, the study attempted to answer the following research questions: (1) What is the Socio-demographic and health profile of the respondents? (2) What are the common causes of renal failure in terms of: (a) Non- Modifiable Risk factors and (b) Non-Modifiable Risk Factors and (3) What are the proposed measures and strategies to enhance or improve the respondents’ awareness of the common causes of renal failure? Total Enumeration and a full retrieval of questionnaire was achieved in the study, there was a 30 total number of respondents: Tanchuling Hospital – Dialysis Center (5), Saint Francis – Dialysis Center (10), Esteevez Hospital – Dialysis Center (3), Saint Mary’s – Dialysis Center (4), and Nephrology Center of Bicol (8). Out of the 30 respondents, 30.00% belonged to the 51-60 age bracket compromising 4 males (28.60%) and 5 females (31.25%). College Graduate (53.33%), 60.00% are unemployed. 40.00% has a less than 10,000 family income. Their past medical records and family history records said hypertension is the common with 44.19% and 30.30%. Key words: Hemodialysis, Modifiable, Non-Modifiable, Renal failure.

Evaluation of the contribution of community relays in improving immunization coverage in the Ouélessébougou health district in Mali []

Introduction: Vaccination is an essential component of the human right to health, and an individual, collective and governmental responsibility. The aim of this study was to evaluate the contribution of community relays in improving vaccination coverage in the Ouélessébougou health district. Methodology: This was a two-component study (cross-sectional and retrospective) that took place between May and June 2016 in the Ouélessébougou health district. Inclusion criteria were: being a community relay and having given consent, being a mother of a child aged 0-11 months and having given consent. Data were analyzed using Epi-info version 7 software. Results: One hundred and fifty-four participants were registered. Mean age was 30.9±10.1 years, with a female predominance (84.3%). All participants were married, 34.6% were illiterate, 81.1% were housewives and 11% were farmers. Only 16.9% of participants knew the EVP target age group, 61.5% knew the vaccination schedule, 63.4% knew at least eight EVP target diseases and 88.3% knew at least one vaccine side effect. Effective vaccination coverage rose from 75% in 2005 to 85% in 2016. Conclusion: This study shows that the contribution of the relays has had a positive impact on both vaccine coverage and mothers' knowledge. However, local strategies for improving EVP indicators and for effectively combating rumors need to be put in place, taking into account the realities and specificities of different zones. Key words: Evaluation, contribution of relays, extended vaccination program, vaccine coverage, Knowledge


ATM was most popular for the bank customer for money transactions due to technology improvements in financial infrastructure. A new generation of ATM cardless transactions based on face and Eye recognition systems is replacing ATM cards to enhance security. A high-quality image has an essential role in the recognition process, which is based on a convolutional neural network (CNN). Face and Eye image is used for authentication purpose. Firstly, a particular person's face and Eye image is compared with the database images. Then the comparing output result is matched, the Money Transaction Process initiated. If an unauthorized person is identified, the payment process is not started. It will fail. Thus, a bank model which provides security by using Facial and Eye and face verification software by adding up Eye and face recognition systems can reduce forced transactions to a great extent and offer complex safe authentication. KEYWORDS: ATM, Facial Recognition, Transaction

Credit Risk and Profitability: A Case of Nepalese Commercial Banks []

A bank’s profitability is the most crucial factor for sustainability, which is affected by plethora of factors. This study has investigated if credit risk is one of the factors affecting profitability. Credit risk is measured by Non-performing Loan (NPL), Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR), Credit to Deposit Rate (CDR) with control variables Bank size and Net Interest Margin (NIM), whereas, profitability measures undertaken are Return on Assets (ROA) and Return on Equity (ROE). This article uses secondary data of 14 commercial banks of Nepal from 2008 to 2021 A.D. The findings are based on random effect model. The result explains positive significant but negligible influence of NPL, which contradicts with previous researches. It could be due to improving credit collection and monitoring system and/or restructuring facilities. CAR and CDR have negative influence on ROA and ROE, however, CAR is insignificant to ROA. Besides, bank size has positive effect on profitability, but not significant for ROE, indicating that size of bank doesn’t significantly influence return to shareholders. On the other hand, NIM influences profitability positively. Overall, it is concluded that credit risk has significant effect on profitability.


L’objectif poursuivi est de rechercher les problèmes dans ces trois bibliothèques de l’Université et deux institutions Supérieurs dans la ville de KAMINA Province du Laut-Lomami. Pour les besoins de la collecte des données, nous avons utilisé un questionnaire composé de 12 points structurés qui s’intitule « Questionnaire sur les problèmes en bibliothèques ». Après notre enquête, nous avons aboutis à ceux qui suivent : En rapport avec le deuxième Tableau, la pauvreté des fonds documentaires est à 100% dans toutes les bibliothèques enquêtées ; l’inexistence d’un budget de 100% à l’UNIKAM, 100% à l’ISTM et 0% à l’ISP ; l’insuffisance des services rendus aux usagers 100% dans toutes les bibliothèques enquêtées ; le manque d’un équipement approprié 100% dans toutes les bibliothèques enquêtées ; le manque d’une formation continue 100% dans toutes les bibliothèques enquêtées ; l’inexistence d’une politique de coopération 100% dans toutes les En ce qui concerne le respect des instructions académiques la N°024/MINESU/CAB.MIN/MNB/BLB/2023 du 06/01/2023, oui 100% à l’ISP et non 100% à l’UNIKAM et l’ISTM. De toutes les façons, les problèmes des bibliothèques en République Démocratique du Congo en particuliers ceux de la Province du Haut-Lomami tels qu’ils se posent concernent non seulement des bibliothèques spécialisées, mais aussi toutes les bibliothèques en général.


La présente étude descriptive transversale prospective appuyée par la technique de questionnaire enrichi par l’interview direct porte sur le rôle de l’infirmier dans la prise en charge de la fièvre typhoïde. Cette étude est menée à l’hôpital général de KABONDO DIANDA et au CLINIC KARREL durant une période de 8 mois de Janvier Au 20 Aout 2023. L’objectif était celui de décrire le rôle de l’infirmier dans la prise en charge de la fièvre typhoïde. La gestion des données est faite grâce aux logiciels Microsoft Word et Microsoft Excel. Ce travail se résume sur 7.7% des infirmiers qui sont des licenciés, 23.1% sont des gradués et 69.2% sont des diplômés ;30.8 % des infirmiers ont une ancienneté qui va de 1 à 5 ans, 38.5 % des infirmiers figurent dans la tranche d’âge d’ancienneté de 6 à 11 ans,23% sont dans la tranche d’âge de 12 à17 ans d’ancienneté ,7.7% sont dans la tranche d’âge de 18 à 23 ans 76.9% des infirmiers administrent les soins infirmiers et les soins médicaux et en fin 23.1% administrent les soins infirmiers.

Russia's participation in the «One Belt, One Road» project []

The One Belt, One Road Initiative (OBOR- BRI) is a historic initiative that unites people around the world and opens up various opportunities for global peace. China's ruling party defines the "Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence" as the fundamental values of "One Belt, One Road": (1) mutual respect for each other's sovereignty and territorial integrity; (2) mutual non-aggression; (3) non-interference in each other's internal affairs; (4) equality and mutual benefit; and (5) peaceful coexistence. "The Belt" is driven by a wide range of motivations, including enhancing China's domestic economic security by increasing its global economic and, in particular, financial influence, mitigating security threats, and gaining strategic space. Indeed, it has transcended any single issue and has become a convergence and amalgamation of multiple diplomatic, domestic socio-economic, financial, geo-economic and geopolitical interests and drivers, as well as pre-existing government initiatives and proposals.


slamic apparel has been used to signify purity, denote status or formal functions differentiate Muslims from non-believers, and define gender. Historically, dress in the Islamic world communicated the wearer's rank and status, occupation, and religious affiliation. Restatement of the Problem and Methodology, This study aimed to determine the factors affecting Muslim dress code among young Muslim females in Cotabato City and Maguindanao Del Norte, during the school year 2022-2023. Specially, it sought answers to the following questions: 1. What are the factors that influence Muslim female’s dress code in terms of: Social Media; Beliefs; Practices; Culture; and Narrations? 2. to what extent of the students’ attitude towards Muslim Dress Code? 3. Is there any significant influence between and among the factors and the student’s attitude towards Muslim Dress Code? Descriptive was used to describe the factors that influence the Muslim female dress code and attitude of the students towards its Dress code. Summary of Findings, The result revealed that the factors that influence Muslim female’s dress code in terms of Social Media has the over-all mean of 2.64 interpreted as Evident; Belief has the over-all mean of 2.70 interpreted as Evident; Practices got the over-all mean of 2.73 interpreted as Evident; Culture obtained the over-all mean of 2.84 interpreted as Evident; and Narrators garnered the over-all mean of 2.86 interpreted as Evident. The respondents’ responses on the attitudes towards Muslim dress code that the over-all mean of 2.98 interpreted as Evident. The significant between the factors and the student’s attitude towards Muslim dress code the over-all mean of 3.04 interpreted as Evident. Keywords: Qur’an A Talagunay, Hadith, Sunnah, Religion, Influence, Observance, Muslim Dress Code, Muslim Female, Culture, Practices, Narrations and Beliefs.

Emotio-Intelligent: A New Adaptive Approach for Intelligent Evacuation in Crisis Situations []

Addressing the critical challenge of evacuation, especially in crisis situations where uncontrollable emotions can significantly impact decision-making, is of paramount importance. In this article, the Emotional Intelligent Model is presented, a new approach that seamlessly integrates dynamic emotion recognition with an adapted intelligent evacuation strategy for crisis scenarios. Our methodology harnesses a combination of convolutional neural networks (CNN) for dynamic emotion sensing and long-term memory recurrent neural networks (LSTM) to provide decision support during evacuation. This paper provides an in-depth exploration of our system's architecture, encompassing the dynamic emotion recognition and personality profiling methods, as well as the adaptive evacuation strategy. During the experimental and validation phases, the MESA simulation platform was used. The results achieved confirm the effectiveness of the integrated emotional approach, which contributes to safer and smarter evacuation procedures in crisis situations.

A Teacher’s Perspective: An Interpretative Phenomenological Investigation of the Response & Interventions on Bullying Incidents among Private School Students in the Philippines []

This pilot research examined the lived experiences of private school high school teachers in the Philippines who have witnessed and responded to bullying incidents. Interpretative phenomenological analysis was utilized as the lens to explore the patterns of inner thoughts, feelings, and meaning-making through their years of teaching experience. Using data from one-on-one interviews, data analysis produced a synthesis of three individual cases of teachers with varying durations of teaching experiences and teaching roles and positions. Overall results showed superordinate themes centering on the teacher’s experiences of (1) Clarity of their responsibility in the situation, (2) Teacher capability, (3) Role and Power in their Position, and (4) Influences of their Past Experiences. Themes were then further categorized into hindrances and facilitators to their response to bullying incidents in high school. Theoretical and practical reflections of their lived experiences embedded in their present context and position as well as from their total experiences as a teacher are discussed. A call for school administrator intervention is needed to address the hindrances and enact possible strategies to build on the current available facilitators to empower teachers to respond to bullying incidents in a timely manner.

Influence of Service Quality on Customer Satisfaction Towards Buffet Restaurant in Davao City []

The main aim of this study is to determine the influence of service quality rendered by buffet restaurants in Davao City. The research design used in this study is a non- experimental specifically the descriptive predictor research design. There are five level of service quality namely: Reliability, Assurance, Empathy, Responsiveness. Another level of customer satisfaction repeat purchase and Return to place. The various meaningful response was carefully examined to obtain more findings and recommendation. In general, it can be concluded that majority of the respondents believed that service quality rendered by buffet restaurants in Davao City is evidently manifested. Empathy is the domain that best influences customer satisfaction. Keywords: Service Quality, Customer Satisfaction, Buffet Restaurant, Davao City

Facial Analysis of Lawbreakers for Detection and Recognition Using Machine Learning []

This research aims to offer facial recognition facilities to the police investigation department to enhance citizen security. The project addresses the issue of lawbreakers walking freely along the streets of Karachi, a city in Pakistan. We aim to aid the police in capturing criminals through facial recognition technology. This idea was inspired by such technology already deployed in first-world countries where security has been made more reliable due to the presence of facial analysis systems installed in CCTV cameras along the streets. The project involves the development of a responsive web application, Inspecto, that is backed up by many APIs leveraging the use of facial analysis statistics and detection techniques for detecting and recognizing criminal faces at different crime scenes at the same time. This prototype uses real-time face detection through a webcam and allows users to filter out, access, and update profiles of existing and new law-breakers. The project utilizes deep learning algorithms for facial recognition as a large dataset was fed to the Machine Learning algorithm to enhance the Artificial Intelligence deployed to detect faces. Additionally, this has shown promising results.

Acomparative study on the fox and lu equations versus the colored stochastic hodgkin Huxley equations []

In recent years, it has been argued and experimentally shown that ion channel noise in neurons can cause fundamental effects on the neuron’s dynamical behavior. Most profoundly, ion channel noise was seen to be able to cause spontaneous firing and stochastic resonance. It was recently found by Güler (2011) that a non-trivially persistent cross correlation regarding position among the trans-membrane voltage fluctuations, and the element of open channel fluctuations is attributed to gate multiplicity. This non-trivial phenomenon was found to play an essential role in the elevation of excitability and spontaneous firing in the small size cell. Furthermore, the phenomenon was found to significantly enhance the spike coherence. More recently, the effect of the above cross correlation persistency was modeled by the same author Güler (2013), through inserting some colored noise terms inside the conductance's in the stochastic Hodgkin Huxley equation. In this thesis, the broadly used stochastic of Hodgkin-Huxley equation, proposed by Fox and Lu, and the colored stochastic Hodgkin-Huxley equation, proposed by Güler recently, will be investigated in a comparative manner. The performance analysis of the two models will be performed with respect to the microscopic Markovain channel simulations. The statistic will be obtained using different membrane size and different input current values. Our investigation reveals that the performance of the Güler model is more effective than the Fox and Lu equations and gives better agreement with the microscopic simulation results.


TheImportanceofsynthesizingnanoparticlesusingplantextractsisbeingemphasizedglobally,asanalternativetotraditionalmethodsbecause theyarecost-effective,nontoxic,biocompatibleandeco-friendly.Inthisstudy,greensynthesisandcharacterizationofzero-valentironnanoparticles (ZVIN)usingtheleavesextractofMoringaoleifera,zero-valentironnanoparticlesweresynthesizedbymixing6mlofMoringaoleiferaleavesextractwith4mlofFe2SO4.Thesynthesizedzero-valentironnanoparticles (ZVIN)werecharacterizedbytheuseofFouriertransforminfraredspectroscopy (FTIR).Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) reveals that the polyphenols present in the Moringaoleifera leaves extract are responsible for the reduction and stabilization of the zero valent iron nanoparticles (ZVIN). FT-IR spectra of the extracts and nanosuspensions were similar, with peaks observed at around 3300–3400 cm 1, 1600 cm 1, 1050–1150 cm 1 and 500 cm 1, corresponding to O–H, C=O, C–O and C–H stretching, indicating the participation of biomolecules in the zero-valent iron nanoparticles (ZVIN) synthesis process.TheFT-IRspectrarevealsthatthepolyphenolspresentintheMoringaoleiferaleavesextractareresponsibleforthereductionandstabilizationofthezerovalentironnanoparticles (ZVIN).The results obtained in this study confirmed that Moringaoleifera leaves extract can play an important role in the bioreduction of Fe ions to zero- valent iron nanoparticles (ZVIN).

Impact of organizational culture on employee performance- A Study on private sectors in Bangladesh []

This study investigates the complex relationship that exists between employee performance and organizational culture in Bangladesh's private sectors. The study is a result of organizational studies' growing emphasis on comprehending organizational culture dynamics and how they affect employee performance. The investigation of how corporate culture affects employee behavior, attitudes, and overall effectiveness takes place within the particular setting of Bangladesh's private sectors. The goal of the study is to close the current gap in empirical research on this topic within Bangladesh's distinct business and cultural setting. The problem statement emphasizes how crucial private sector businesses are to Bangladesh's economic development and how important it is to understand how organizational culture influences employee performance. The potential for Bangladeshi private sector enterprises to maximize their human capital and attain long-term success by comprehending the intricate linkages between organizational culture and employee performance highlights the study's significance. The objectives of the study are delineated, with a particular emphasis on investigating the correlations between employee performance and organizational culture, assessing the prevailing organizational culture in Bangladesh's corporate domains, and pinpointing particular cultural components that influence employee motivation and job satisfaction. The problem statement serves as the foundation for the research questions that will direct the study. The literature study explores the theoretical foundations of employee performance and organizational culture, highlighting the significance of an effective organizational culture in influencing behavior, drive, and overall performance. Important ideas are covered, including the Organizational Culture Assessment Instrument (OCAI), employee performance characteristics, and how organizational culture and performance interact. The research design, sample selection, and data collection techniques—such as the use of questionnaires and a descriptive design—are described in the methodology section. The study's shortcomings, such as possible biases, cultural differences, and the use of a cross-sectional methodology, are noted.