Volume 10, Issue 2, February 2022 Edition - GSJ Journal Publication

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Abstract: Nowadays we often come across the word bankruptcy, how a firm can go bankrupt or how can we avoid bankruptcy proceedings. There are different opinions about the bankruptcy procedure and the avoidance of bankruptcy through the Reorganization Plan. A good bankruptcy debtor reorganization plan can have a positive impact so that the bankrupt debtor can continue to exist. Reorganization is a very good opportunity for creditors because through it creditors will achieve maximum payments despite the bankruptcy where they would be extinguished, and thus the bankrupt debtor will continue to exist. In this paper I will study two case studies, that of the bankruptcy procedure and the reorganization plan as a second option, based on the Law and standards for the bankruptcy procedure in Macedonia In the Bankruptcy Law, more precisely in article 3 is defined the purpose of the bankruptcy procedure, therefore in the article is: The bankruptcy procedure aims at the collective settlement of the creditors of the bankrupt debtor (hereinafter: the debtor / debtor), by the transfer of the debtor's property and the distribution of the realized means (income) of the creditors or by means of a special agreement. to regulate the requirements set out in the reorganization plan, which is driven by the further preservation of the work of the debtor enterprise. With the reorganization, the settlement of the requests before the opening of the bankruptcy procedure with conditions determined by this law can be performed. A good bankruptcy system can prevent the bankruptcy or bankruptcy of an enterprise which is not stable in business as well as in the market. The enterprise in which a proper reorganization plan can be compiled so that the debtors can collect their claims at maximum value, depending on the bankruptcy measure, which is done only through the reorganization, reviving the enterprise


The objective of higher education is to prepare future leaders for challenges in the society and therefore develop them to suit manpower requirements. This training therefore involves examination assessment from time to time in order to ascertain the level of knowledge and competence of the students. However, the over dependency on certificate has led to a mad rush by most people to try to acquire certificates either legitimately or illegitimately. Thus many candidates displayed various acts of academic dishonesty in examination, otherwise called examination malpractice. This paper takes a general took at the dimensions of examination malpractice, its multifarious causes and implications, and Suggest solutions aimed at curbing this phenomenon.


The patient must be informed about his/her illness treatment following the Law on Protection of Patients' Rights. Communication between a doctor and a patient with malignancy is basically no different from communication with any patient with any other disease. The bad news is an unpleasant experience for both the announcer and the recipient of the bad news. A good attitude from the doctor helps the patient to accept the bad news more easily to withstand the emotional pressure of a malignant life-threatening disease. This research aims to determine the attitude of the doctor and the patient in conditions when information about the malignant disease should be announced. The examination was conducted in 2020 in different departments of the Public Health Institution Clinical Hospital Tetovo. According to the results of this research, the largest percentage of doctors inform patients about their malignant disease, and a large percentage of the patients want to hear the truth about their health from doctors, however, the level of education plays an important role in establishing good communication. Keywords: bad news, malignant disease, doctor, patient, communication

Tax compliance behaviour of entrepreneurs in the digital economy: A research synthesis []

The advancement of digital technologies created enterprises to scale up their business operation across borders. Even though digitalization brings huge benefits to the economy in transacting via cyberspace resulted artificially reduce the taxable income or shit their profit to the low tax jurisdiction in which little or no economic activities are performed. A growing number of research identified various factors that influence such behaviour. However, there is a lack of systemization of the factors influencing compliance decisions. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to summarize and review extant literature concerning the factors which influence compliance decisions. A total number of 523 papers published on tax compliance during 2011 – 2020 have been analysed using Systematic Literature Review (SLR). Existing literature provides a framework for understanding the influence of economic, psychological, social and institutional factors. We suggest an improvement of the existing literature by incorporating technology as another important factor that impacts the compliance decision of citizens and businesses. The findings of this review enable synthesis researchers to find the gaps and consider promising future directions for further research.

Practices and challenges of secondary high school teachers’ engagement in doing action research: With Bahir Dar City (Capital city of Amhara regional state), Ethiopia. []

Abstract: The study aimed to examine high school teachers’ engagement in doing action research in Bahir Dar City. The study tried to answer three leading ideas; the current status of high school teachers’ engagement in conducting educational action research, the principals role in facilitating action research in schools, the challenges that hinder teachers’ engagement in doing action research?. Descriptive survey research approach was employed. Questionnaire, interviews, document analysis were used as data sources. Questionnaires were categorized and coded. Statistical percentile tool was used for the questionnaires. It analyzed qualitatively the data secured through interview and documents. Questionnaires were adapted from literatures and distributed using hard copy to the respondents. It also used hard copy questions for interview. 44 teachers, 6 school principals, 3 cluster supervisors /educational experts and 6 CPD coordinators in each targeted school were respondents. The quantitative data revealed that only 29.5% of teachers were taking part in doing action research, the rest 70.45% teachers did not engage themselves in doing action research at school. To support principals, budget, lack of interest and motivation, lack of collaboration work among teachers, knowledge and skill gaps, unclear criteria to undertake action research in schools were some factors that affects teachers work in action research.

The effects of waste pollution on property value and residents around Igando dumpsite, Nigeria []

The environment plays a significant role in human existence and therefore should be treated with utmost priority; apart from being an abode to any creature it also contributes to the quality of life of such creature. The environment is bedevilled by the challenges of solid waste pollution which thus affect the ecosystem. Several attempts have been made by the government of developing countries to address the problem of environmental health hazards but do not yield meaningful results, given the menace this research is aimed at examining the effect of waste pollution on residents around Igando dumpsite (Solous) along Lasu-Isheri Expressway, to describe the concern of the residents on the pollution of the dumpsite, to identify the health implication of the dumpsite on the residents, and the cost implication on house rent and property value around the dumpsite. The research thus involves the use of a structured questionnaire, the researcher uses systematic random sampling techniques where the first twenty streets were carefully chosen around the dumpsite and houses were randomly chosen to start from the second house on each street. The research thus reveals there is considerable potential for hazardous exposure to occur through improper management of waste in the environment. The research proves beyond reasonable doubt that the presence of the dumpsite in the neighbourhood has negatively affected the residents and the residence respectively. Poor management and control of the dumpsite endanger public health by encouraging the spread of odours, diseases and rodents in the residence, particularly when rain falls, which often makes the environment non-conducive. The research thus recommend Government should provide more sanitary and health personnel, The vehicles saddled with the responsibility of waste collection should be properly supervised, Parking space should be created for the PSP vehicles and the drains around the dumpsite should be channelled as most of the drains are already blocked by residue from the dumpsite which often leads to flooding when there is heavy rainfall.


Image segmentation with some popular deep learning techniques shown to be a reliable approach for image segmentation. Segmentation is basically division of an image or patches into homogenous partitions as it is the first and most important step in the diagnosis and treatment process. We give a critical assessment of prominent algorithms for medical image segmentation that have used deep-learning techniques in this work. We also provide a summary of the most frequent issues encountered and potential answers.


There are a variety of controls available for analyzing and learning power systems, it is important to develop a balanced view of controls in terms of a number of conditions, such as: balancing power between production and demand, balancing effective power between production and customers This paper presents a review and comparison of the tools used to control the most widely used energy systems for analyzing energy and electricity systems. It reviews available literature and follows a systematic approach to distinguishing other controls and models that can serve as a guide for selecting the most appropriate old and modern control system, keeping frequency and power within the permissible limit and improving the operating system features.

External validation of the FUllPIERS model in women with pre-eclampsia []

ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Pre-eclampsia is a leading cause of maternal deaths. It is associated with severe maternal and perinatal complications. The FULLPIERS model showed both internal and external validities for predicting adverse maternal outcomes. OBJECTIVE: FULLPIERS Score is built in order to predict maternal outcomes among women with pre-eclampsia. Our objective is to assess external validity of this score among our population. METHODS: A prospective, monocentric study was conducted for all patients who were admitted to our obstetric center with pre-eclampsia or who developed pre-eclampsia after admission, between January 2019 to June 2020 . A receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve was constructed to determine accuracy of the model at 48 hours after admission and Area Under the Curve was calculated (AUC). RESULTS: The incidence of pre-eclampsia in our study is 2.6% with an average age of 30 years. The average length of hospital stay is 4.8 days. The complication rate is 17.3%. The main complications are HRP, renal failure and HELLP syndrome. The average score value is 1.64. The area under the curve is 0.61. This score has a bad negative predictive value that does not allow us to be sure that a woman with a low score is not at risk of complications. Likewise, its positive predictive value is not satisfactory and it does not allow us to be sure that a woman with a high score will indeed develop a complication of her preeclampsia. CONCLUSION: The integration of a tool like FULLPIERS in our population seems irrelevant. However, other prospective studies in a larger scale are needed to validate this model.

Pak-Saudi Imbroglio and Opportunities []

This study is consisting of compilations regarding bilateral relations & opportunities between Saudi Arabia and Pakistan. Saudi Arabia & Pakistan have enjoyed enormous cordiality in their relations since the former’s independence in 1947. There is no denying that the Saudi monarchs have manifested their love and affection to the All India Muslim League (AIML) which represented the case of the creation of Pakistan by rendering the financial assistance during the famine in the Sub-continent. Saudi Kingdom has the distinction first to extend its recognition to the existence of Pakistan among others. Pakistan attaches great importance to the Saudi Arabia because of the Harramain Shareefain (Makkah and Madinah; the holiest cities of Islam). Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was born in the Arabian-peninsula who then became the torch-bearer of the Islamic religion fourteen hundred years back. Pakistanis feel pride in defending the holy land of Saudi Arab. Both Muslim states have power of freedom and enjoy same “Sharia Law” as described in Holy Quran. Saudi-Pak bilateral relations have a lot of opportunities in Oil & Gas. Pakistan and Saudi Arabia have some genuine hitches which should be addressed accordingly to strengthen time tested bondage to counter Indo-Saudi strategic ties.


In customs, to apply risk management practice is not an option rather it becomes the contemporary instrument to accomplish the two mutually competing objectives-trade facilitation and regulatory control. Unlike the traditional gatekeeper style, nowadays, it is hardly possible to ensure compliance through an indiscriminate inspection of all transactions. This thesis looks into the Roles of customs risk management towards achieving the two objectives with particular focus exerted to enhancing compliance level of taxpayers and important factors that affect compliance behavior of taxpayers is also addressed. Additionally, this research thesis assessed challenges of ERCA’s risk management. Researcher used research design to address the research questions and objectives mentioned in chapter one, a mixed approach (QUAN → QUAL) of descriptive and casual (correlation between dependent and independent variables) design is employed. In other word the researcher employed both correlation and descriptive analysis. This design is typically suitable to explain and interpret quantitative results by collecting and analyzing follow-up qualitative data. Regarding sample size the researcher used Naresh sample determination techniques for determining sample size. Researcher used both primary and secondary data as data sources. Regarding data collection method researcher collects primary data through questionnaires and interviews. Besides this, the secondary sources of data are collected from ERCA, WCO websites and other sources. Data gathered through above technique is analyzed using descriptive statistics based on summarized comparisons using percentages, ratios, graph, and table and additionally researcher used SPSS software Version 20 to analyze the data. Keywords: Risk Management, Facilitation, Compliance


ABSTRACT Several technologies drive digital trends and bring about change in Supply Chain Management. Supply chain managers need to shift their attention from cutting costs to enabling new processes, and make corporations more connected and agile to create value across the enterprise. They include robotics, cloud computing technology, 3D printing, advanced analytics, block chain, RFID, IoT, BDA and cloud technology. These technologies are changing the face of the industry, transforming many aspects of business models, supply chains, products, sales, and services. In the current world of globalization digitization is not a choice but an imperative for all businesses across all industries. New digital technologies that are emerging everyday are on their way to disrupt nearly all the areas of traditional business processes. The key business priority of almost every industry will find itself in the center of this upcoming digital era. The process of digitization affects almost everything in today’s organizations, including supply chain management and puts huge pressure on organizations to change Manufacturing processes and work, business model, products and services are the main targets of digitization. This paper conducts a literature review that aims to identify current research and directions in terms of how these technologies can enable or enhance digital supply chain (DSC) performance. Keywords: Supply chain management, Digitalization, Big data analytics, cloud computing technology, Radio frequency identification, banking industry

“Southern African Development Community: A Part of the problem or a part of solution to Post-Millennium Zimbabwean conflicts and Political Crisis” []

This study sought to investigate the role of SADC in abating or fuelling conflict in Zimbabwe between the period of 2013-2020. Conflict in Zimbabwe has been an on-going struggle and has negatively affected growth and development of the country’s economy and the ability of the residents to recover or move on from past experiences such as Gukurahundi amongst other. This paper was largely qualitative study hinged on document analytic approach, interviews and questionnaires were administered to 385 participants. The major findings of this research indicated that SADC as a regional institution of peace and security has failed to adequately deal and address the socio-economic and political crisis bedevilling Zimbabwe. Mediation was employed as an alternative dispute resolution strategy in Zimbabwe’s crisis but it has failed to address the conflict. The research recommends the full implementation and adoption of the protocol governing democratic elections in Zimbabwe and Zimbabwe Electoral Commission must be apolitical. Key words: Conflict, SADC, mediation, conflict intervention and conflict management

Preferences on Mechanisms to Stimulate Academia-Industry Linkage in Rwanda: A perspective from Academic Staff []

Academia-Industry Linkage (AIL) has received much attention in practice and research. As for now, the innovation of a business is based on commercialization of academic knowledge stimulated by setting mechanisms enhancing AIL. Even though, research has devoted considerable efforts in determining the mechanisms of AIL success, much less is known about AIL. Also, universities and related tertiary educational institutions have become the pillars of many countries’ development especially developed countries. This is based on exploitation and application of knowledge acquired in order to solve existing problems within the industries. Besides, the underdeveloped and developing countries are not streamlining even not aware of the role that can be played by universities for the economies of their countries. Meanwhile, the industry-based orientation is the backbone of sustainable development of the country through economic transformation. Also, the international experience has shown that the economic development is impossible without a well-functioning industry sector. Thus, a research project exploring mechanisms to stimulate AIL is of great impact for the national development. The current survey is focusing on information related to mechanisms to stimulate AIL by INES academic staff. Herein, an extensive analysis of responses from questionnaires will be performed in order to evaluate the mechanisms that influence the success of AIL. Alternatively, a novel conceptual model which synthesizes our results will be proposed in order to synergize the influencing mechanisms and their relationships within the linkage process. Key words: Academia, Industry, Linkage, Mechanisms, University


Le présent article s’attèle sur la « la contribution de l’agriculture au développement socioéconomique des ménages du groupement MBANA ». Elle vise à mesurer l’impact de cette activité (agriculture) tant sur le plan social qu’économique des habitants de ce groupement de la Province du Bas-Uélé, en République Démocratique du Congo. En implémentant la méthode inductive soutenue par les techniques documentaire et d’interviews structurées par questionnaire d’enquête, Il a abouti aux résultats selon lesquels l’agriculture contribue de diverses manières dans le développement de la vie sociale et économique des ménages de Mbana. Il s’est dégagé que sur le plan social, l’agriculture contribue à 100% à la consommation alimentaire des ménages de ce groupement. En plus de la consommation courante, elle contribue à la scolarisation des enfants pour une proportion non négligeable. Aussi, l’agriculture a permis aux ménages d’acquérir les biens durables comme motos, maisons, parcelle etc. Sur le plan économique, l’agriculture a permis à 39 % des ménages de créer les unités de production. 17 % des ménages ont réussi à acquérir les équipements de production et 34% ont réussi à financer d’autres secteurs économiques grâce à l’agriculture.

Issue Has Been Arisen Through The Implementation Of Marketing Strategy: Perspective To South Asian Region. []

The components of marketing strategies consist of several important functional strategies that are vital to customers happiness and profitability. One of the key factors in ensuring a company remains afloat is having a well-developed marketing plan. A firm's marketing approach either ensures its success or spells its doom. It evaluated how the marketing strategies were implemented in the organization to meet the firm's objectives, which were matched with segmentation, target market, positioning, marketing mix, how to deal with competitors and environmental aspects to meet consumer needs. The research is descriptive in nature, consumers and employs both qualitative and quantitative methods. The findings demonstrate that the corporation exploited all the elements of the marketing mix in its marketing strategies and delivers high-quality items at low costs by promoting them via high-impact advertising. After the work, competitive analysis can give an idea about the company position in the market. Competitive analysis is one of the major tools for studying marketing strategy. We also try to measure the environmental situation of the company after studying environmental analysis in our work. It’s quite pointed that, based on the current situation of the market different company and its business is in the market. The outcomes of this research encourage the belief that marketing strategic is a major contributor to the organization's positioning, which is gradually enhanced and customers' satisfaction. The organization, on the other hand, has determined its targeted customers, and its market segmentation strategy is based on geographic location. The efficacy of communication between the marketing department and other divisions is excellent. Even though the firm's marketing methods are excellent, the corporation ran into some issues while putting them into reality. These are: Infrastructure issues, economic issues, intense market rivalry, raw material shortages, seasonality of consumption, sociocultural issues, and the time and expense of consumer creating awareness. The results help leaders make decisions on the role of marketing strategy on the performance of a local economy. Finally, the researcher recommends that the company adopt a long-term strategy and use a more systematic way to gather information about prospective consumers, competition actions, and industry market data.

Revisiting the role of vending as an alternative food security measure and a tool for alleviating poverty among women. The case of Bindura urban in Zimbabwe. []

The study sought to explore vending as a strategy for food security and poverty alleviation for women in Bindura urban of Zimbabwe. The study used (Scoones, 1998) theory of sustainable livelihood and poverty alleviation. The major findings of this research were that vending is very instrumental in poverty alleviation among women in Bindura urban, since it is being used as a supplementary measure to support the salaries of their husbands. Vending is used as a source of self-employment and is helping women in paying their rents, rates as well as catering for family and house hold needs. Data were collected through questionnaire survey, key informant interviews, and documentary reviews so as to triangulate the evidence. Seven key informants were interviewed and sixty semi-structured questionnaires were administered to collect socio-economic and technical data pertaining to vending as a strategy of poverty alleviation. The study showed that vending, far from being a hindrance to progress and a stumbling block to service delivery, is in fact the basis of an alternative sustainable livelihood which is people friendly and with the necessary institutional and infrastructural support could be sustainable in Bindura.Key words Poverty, Vending, Alleviation and sustainable livelihoods

Enquête de Couverture post-compagne de vaccination contre la Fièvre Jaune dans les provinces de la Mongala, Tshuapa, Bas-Uele, Haut-Uele, Nord-Ubangi, Sud-Ubangi et Tshopo de la République Démocratique du Congo en 2021 []

RESUME Objectif : Evaluer la qualité de la préparation, de la mise en œuvre ainsi que les résultats de la campagne de couverture de vaccination préventive contre la fièvre jaune, réalisée en 2021, entre avril et juillet 2021, dans les provinces de la Mongala, Tshuapa, Bas-Uele, Haut-Uele, Nord-Ubangi, Sud-Ubangi et Tshopo en République Démocratique du Congo Démocratique du Congo. Méthodes : Il s’agit d’une étude descriptive transversale à visée analytique transversale, réalisée durant les mois d’avril et juillet 2021 par la technique d’échantillonnage en grappe, avec deux niveaux de collecte des données : ménages et structures sanitaires. L’enquête est réalisée par interview des personnes âgées de 9 mois à 60 ans, utilisant le questionnaire enregistré sur tablette avec le logiciel Kobo Collect. La taille de l’échantillon est de 15308 personnes. L’enquête dans les structures sanitaire est axée sur une approche qualitative sous forme des entretiens semi-structurés dans 7 Divisions provinciales de la santé (Coordination et antenne du programme élargi de vaccination), dans 14 Bureaux Centraux des Zones de santé et dans 42 centres de santé. Les données quantitatives sont centralisées à l’aide du logiciel Excel 2016® puis exportées sur SPSS® 23 pour réaliser les analyses statistiques. L’analyse des données qualitatives est faite à l’aide du logiciel Atlas.ti® 6. Résultats : La couverture vaccinale antiamarile moyenne dans l’ensemble de 7 provinces selon les deux sources d’information (les jetons de vaccination et les déclarations des enquêtés), est estimée à 83,35% (IC95% : 81,47 – 86,30). Les provinces de Nord Ubangi et Sud Ubangi ont des couvertures vaccinales les plus élevées, respectivement 93,61% (IC95% : 90,53 - 95,68) et 90,13 (IC95% : 88,84 - 93,42), et la province de la Tshopo a une couverture la plus faible (75%). Le sexe féminin, l’état civil célibataire, le niveau d’instruction primaire ou aucun, les chômeurs et les agriculteurs/éleveurs, les personnes animistes et les croyants des églises traditionnelles sont significativement associés à des faibles couvertures vaccinales antiamariles (p<0,05). Les principales sources d’information des enquêtés sont les mobilisateurs sociaux ou relais communautaires ou crieurs (41,51%), les églises/mosquées (19,29%) et la radio (15,93%). La proportion moyenne d’enfants zéro dose âgée de 12-23 mois est estimée à 36,2 % avec des proportions élevées à Haut-Uélé (38,5%), Mongala (39,7 %) et Tshopo (49,2 %). Conclusion : La préparation et la mise en œuvre de la campagne s’est bien déroulées dans la majorité des structures à tous les niveaux de la pyramide sanitaire et l’objectif de couverture vaccinale anti amarile n’a pas été atteint dans l’ensemble malgré les fluctuations observées entre les provinces. La campagne a aussi contribué au renforcement de la vaccination de routine par la récupération des enfants zéro dose ou insuffisamment vaccinés dans la routine. Les campagnes de vaccination dans les provinces restantes devront capitaliser les acquis de cette phase et se pencher sur les insuffisances afin d’y apporter des actions correctrices notamment sur la communication dans le contexte de la COVID-19. Mots-clés : Couverture post compagne, Fièvre Jaune, Provinces, Mongala, Tshuapa, Bas-Uele, Haut-Uele, Nord-Ubangi, Sud-Ubangi, Tshopo, République Démocratique du Congo, RDC.