Volume 5, Issue 10, October 2017 Edition - GSJ Journal Publication

PDF for the current edition is currently under processing, will be available shortly.


This experiment was conducted to study the effects of Hoagland solution, putrescine (50 and 100 ppm), calcium nitrate solution, and coco peat: perlite medium with three ratios (v/v) (1:1, 3:1 and 1:3) on some vegetative and biochemical parameters of two gladiolus cultivars (strong and white) under soilless conditions in 2016. Data indicated that most vegetative parameters expressed as corm sprouting (day), number of corm and number of cormels, and biochemical parameters expressed as soluble sugar (mg/g F.W), phenols (mg/100g F.W) and ascorbic acid (mg/100g F.W) significantly increased. Number of day to corm sprouting, number of corm, number of cormels, soluble sugar, phenols and ascorbic acid in white cultivar were 7.09 days, 1.56, 32.33, 4.87 mg/g, 28.56 mg/100g and 8.36 mg/100g, respectively, and 7.90 days, 1.59, 33.33, 4.58 mg/g, 28.91 mg/100g and 8.13 mg/100g, respectively, in the treatment containing coco peat: perlite medium with ratio (1:3). In contrast, all the parameters studied showed significant increase in the treatment containing Hoagland solution + putrescine 100 ppm (7.46 days, 2.18, 45.00, 6.23 mg/g, 37.01 mg/100g and 11.71 mg/100g, respectively). As the results showed, there was a significant interaction between cultivars and media, media and treatments, cultivars and treatments, and cultivars, media and treatment only regarding corm sprouting. The results also showed that there was no significant interaction among the factors in terms of other parameters.

How are the spiral and other types of galaxies formed? []

The goal of this article is to prove the formation of galaxies via rotation of objects around their axis, with the strict abiding of the law of universal gravitation.Rotation of objects (smaller objects, stars, galaxies,...) is analysed through the effects of rotation in the formation of objects and in processes that follow, due to: the rotation around the axis; the effects on the other orbiting objects or on binary objects; the effect of rotation on the displacement of an incoming object into the orbit; the influence of the speed of rotation on the quantity and mass of particles and objects orbiting around a main object; its influence on the radius, temperature, and accordingly on the color and surface gravity of a star.

Automatic Drain Cleaner Run By Solar Power []

Waste water is defined as the flow of used water from homes, businesses, industries, commercial activities and institutions which are subjected to the treatment plants by a carefully designed and engineered network of pipes. There are large no. of machines used for removing out the wastes from drains.Mechanical control techniques include the total or halfway evacuation of Plastic containers and Un-disintegrated solids by mechanical means, including: gathering, destroying, cutting, rototilling, rotating, and binding. Mechanical control techniques can likewise be utilized to speed up manual cleaning exercises, including hand cleaning, raking, and cut stump control, with the utilization of engine driven hardware. These administration strategies for A scope of hardware for overseeing and controlling amphibian vegetation is being used today, intended for particular plant sorts (floating, submersed, and new vegetation) and for operation in particular sea-going environments (untamed water, trenches, shorelines, and wetlands). A mechanical oceanic gatherer (reaper) is a sort of freight boat utilized for an assortment of undertakings, including amphibian plant administration and waste expulsion in seepage, lakes, coves, and harbours. Reapers are intended to gather and empty vegetation and flotsam and jetsam utilizing a transport framework on a blast, flexible to the suitable cutting stature, up to 3 feet underneath the surface of the water. Cutter bars gather material and bring it on board the vessel utilizing the transport; when the freight boat has achieved limit, slice material is transported to a transfer site. Management involves a given request for waste counteractive action and minimization.


The government of Kenya in an effrort to bridge the digital divide between the rural and urban dwellers and improve availability of governments ervi ces as wells as create employment opportunities, undertook a project to provide di gital villages in each of the 290 constituencies in Kenya . The project was christened the Pasha Centers project. Like most Government projects involving other stakeholders, this well intented project faced a myrad of challenges in its implementation and could barely be considered successful seven years after it was launched in 2009. The current study endeavored to determine the factors that affects the successful implementation of such projects. From the analysis of the collected primary and secondary data, the findings have revealed that the skills of the project manager, collaborative development of the project design and timely availance of project funds are critical factors that should be determined upfront before commencement of such projects to guarantee its successful implementation. Technical competence of the project team is also crucial to ensure success sustainability of such projects . In the Pasha Centers project, the Government of Kenya did not comprehensively address the identified factors . This has led to near total collapse of the entire initiative. Out of the 290 Pasha Centers only 43 are operational and a paltry 17 of these are operating profitably, with about 13 making losses and another 13 being in the process of closure. This is not a desirable outcome of a well intented project with multiple benefits to the populace. The findings in this study could help inform other Government led projects with other non Governmnet actors to help mitigate such failures in the implementation. With appropriate intervention addressing the identified weakness of the implementation in the Pasha Center project, this brilliant ininitiatve can be revived and the intended objective achieved in the long run.