Volume 6, Issue 9, september 2018 Edition - GSJ Journal Publication


Artisans are craft workers, skilled in applied art and creative jobs, manufacturing or managing commodities to render services to the society. Knowledgeable in fabricating, building, crafting, architecting products and services using hands, tools, machines and acquired intellects. They apply experiential knowledge and technology to deliver improved services. Reviewing existing system for this study, artisan operations are characterised with manual record keeping for business empowerment initiatives and subsequent disbursement of loan grants by governments. Other problems discovered include the artisans not coordinated for benefits of empowerment by either the SMEDANS (full meaning), local or state-based organisations even in the democratic setting of governance. Inherent problems of partiality and preferential treatment in sharing allocated funds subsist and most artisans have never been privileged to government subsidized business loans. Using methodology of software engineering, an information management system for artisans (IMSA) was developed, enabling artisan registration and validation for fund, loan and other artisan-related processes. A Fuzzy-logic based algorithm was implemented in ranking business viability and subsequent loan disbursement. Results from IMSA as Fuzzy Logic Decision Support System (FLDSS) shows that all bias and partiality in loan disbursements would be eliminated while enforcing an impartiality in selection processes. It is therefore recommended for e-governance to enhance economic growth. Keywords: artisans, Fuzzy-logic, DSS, e-governance, information system, IMSA.


The present study envisaged assessing the impact of the school and home environments on adolescents and to correlate their levels of stress. A co-relational research design was used. A student population of 620 students were identified from the city of Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India. 353 from Grade IX (mean age of 13.89); and 267 from Grade XI (mean age of 15.96) attempted the four inventories. The tools used were: the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ) and the Home Environment Inventory. A detailed analysis of the ASQ was made. The results revealed a significant relationship with Grade XI students having higher levels of Adolescent Stress. Further, there is a significant correlation between the Home Environment and Adolescent Stress. The study brings to light the fact that the environment in Grade XI is highly stressed as compared to Grade IX.


Decision making with priority on allocation and reallocation of university funds is based on the direction of the university, this is translated in strategic planning executed with transparency and accountability. It has become very important, particularly in universities, with recent cut for allocation by the government as a result of global financial crises. This research paper proposes implementation integer programming for strategic budget planning to be applied on the university strategic plan as a part of the strategic planning process. Firstly, the marginal cost consequences was calculated considering the budget allocation from the previous year which was used for budget allocation for the current year through both existing and new introduced strategies used for improving the university rating. Secondly the budget allocation is applied to the university strategies without prioritizing the strategies, thirdly the budget allocation is applied to the university strategies without prioritizing the strategies. The outcome of this implementation using mixed integer programming model showed that the targeted achievements could be realized within the allocated budget that was provided by the university. This mixed integer programming model will be useful and suitable to be implemented by organizations that uses strategies for organizational improvement having limited budget allocation issues.


In recent years, society and many organizations have been paying increasing attention to the social responsibilities of organizations towards various stakeholder groups. To ensure the fulfillment of social responsibilities of organizations towards society, corporate social responsibility should be embedded in day-to-day operations and managerial decision-making. Total quality management is also a commonly used managerial tool that takes into considerations the interests of various stakeholder groups. This paper investigates how the relationship between corporate social responsibility and total quality management affect the organizational performance. The results of the analysis, using structural equation modeling on 250 completed questionnaires sent to the pharmaceutical companies in Pakistan, suggest that social responsibility is significantly associated with the integration of this responsibility into quality management programs. Quality management, in turn, has a significant and positive effect on organizational performance. The results provide contribution to the earlier studies that have found reliable results on the direct association between social responsibility and organizational performance by demonstrating that quality management mediate the relationship between social responsibility and organizational performance. Managers can strengthen their relationships with stakeholders and ultimately improve organizational performance if social responsibility towards stakeholders is embedded in operational routines.


ABSTRACT In this work of composite formulation, calabash fibre ( Lagenaria siceraria) was used as the reinforcement and Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) resin as the matrix. The fibre was divided into two (2) equal parts, Fibre part one(1) was treated with 10%w/v of NaOH (Alkali treatment) , part two (2) was left untreated (crude) . Both the matrix and binder were compounded using hand layup technique method. Samples of the treated and the untreated composites were subjected to tensile and flexural strength, Scanning Electron microscopy (SEM), water absorption, thermal conductivity , Specific heat capacity , thermal diffusivity and density tests. From the results obtained, 10% NaOH Alkali treatment for 24 hours was sufficient to remove impurities from the fibre, enhanced good interfacial fibre-matrix bonding. The treated sample of composition (D) has higher tensile strength of 1.41599 MPa ; the tensile and flexural strength of the treated samples increased with increase in fibre content loadings . The Thermal Conductivity result of the treated sample (D) of 40wt% composition has better thermal conductivity of 0.14W/mok. Differential Scanning Electron Microscopy machine was used to observe the fibre-matrix interfacial bonding. The density and water absorption values were evaluated. The newly developed composite has lower thermal conductivity than polyvinyl chloride and can be used for such thermal insulation applications as low temperature thermal insulation limits of 15 oC to -75 oC refrigeration and cold rooms’ insulations and for hot water and steam condensate as in thermo-flask applications. Keywords: Composite, Calabash fibre, Matrix, polymer, reinforcement, Thermal Conductivity, Thermal Insulation

Indigenous Herbal Medicinal Knowledge among the Shinasha []

Abstract This study explores herbal medicinal knowledge of the people of the Shinasha, in north western part of Ethiopia. It is aimed at elaborating a general systemic overview of the medical tradition of the Shinasha. Resting on qualitative research approach, the study utilized primary and secondary data collection methods. Informal conversation with the residents, in- depth interviewing of herbalists, focus group discussion with herbalists and ordinary members of the community and systematic observation were the methods where firsthand field data were gathered. Secondary data were collected through critical review of related literature from books and electronic sources and from statistical documents. Primary and secondary data were organized and analyzed thematically, triangulating the data collected through the different techniques to increase the validity and reliability of the findings. The study found that for the Shinasha, herbal medicine is the ultimate medical knowledge and practice, where it is considered as the very gift of God for them. The study reveals that herbal medicinal knowledge is preserved and transferred from the senior/experienced herbalist to the junior/ prospected one orally. In the study area, official herbal medical practice is generally a male profession. The selection of the person who heirs medical knowledge is based on critical evaluation of the personality of an individual, which is usually from father to a favorite son. Medical knowledge acquisition is through longer period of apprenticeship and practice; and, it is finally officially transferred to the prospected person accompanied by a blessing ritual ceremony. The scope of the Shinasha herbal medicine is broad, which also includes wide range of herbal- magical arenas. Medicine for the Shinasha is holistic and exists almost in all aspects of the community. The Shinasha herbalists possess herbal medicinal knowledge for illnesses of natural, supernatural and personal etiology and for a wide range of herbal magical purposes. Generally, for the Shinasha, herbal medicine is wholesome, visibly manifesting in their individual, familial and social lives. Key Words: Herbal Medicine; Herbalist; Medicinal Knowledge; Shinasha.

Foreign direct investment and its causal effect on stock market development: A selected Sub-Saharan African Countries Study, 1984 – 2015. []

This Study examined Foreign Direct Investments (FDI) and its causal Effect on Stock Market Development (SMD): A selected Sub-Saharan African (SSA) Countries Study, 1984 to 2015. Theoretical studies show that increase FDI would result to SMD increase but some available findings from empirical works seems to disagree with this position. The objective of this study was to examine the Causal Effect of FDI on SMD captured by market capitalization ratio (MCR) of the selected SSA Countries. The study used secondary data obtained from World Bank, IMF, Bureau of Statistics and the Central Bank of selected countries; The research work selected Nigeria, South Africa and Kenya as its sample and used the Granger-causality and Panel Data Analysis techniques, to test the Effect of the independent variables (FDI, NS and GDP) on the dependent variable (Market Capitalization) at the 5% level of significance. The findings amongst others show that FDI does not granger-cause market capitalization (MCR) for South-Africa and Kenya but for Nigeria, it revealed a Uni-directional effect from MCR to FDIR only; while the SSA countries’ pooled panel result indicate that FDI does not granger-cause market capitalization for selected countries. The study concludes that FDI attraction into the SSA countries does not influence stock market development (SMD) and hence, recommends among others the establishment of regional global stock market linkages and admonish the respective governments to encourage stock market listing of FDI benefiting Multinational companies (MNCs) through flexible listing requirements as this will granger-cause needed traction between FDI and stock market capitalization.

Predicting Soil Properties at Different Depths from Linear Regression Equation Using Excel Worksheet []

Abstract- some of the geotechnical properties of residual clay soils of nine-mile Enugu- Nigeria, have been carried out from two trial pits separated 150m at depths 0.5 up to 1.5m. In The laboratory, the properties checked includes; the Natural moisture content, specific gravity, grain size distribution, consistency limits, linear shrinkage, compaction characteristics and consolidation characteristics. The data generated were subjected to a statistical analysis. The particle size distribution graphs of soil from both pits show that the soil within the area is silty sands. The data generated were further subjected to statistical analysis to fine their correlation coefficient, coefficient of variation, and their T-test (nature of significance) was checked to determine the extent of their variations. The linear regression equation of each of the properties was generated. Results from both pits for each property show little or no much variation (table 4.8) as such, the averages were used as in table 4.8.1. The property equations generated provide an option in the prediction of the soil properties at any depth. From the predicted results, it can be seen that, at a depth of 6.86m, OMC became negative while the PI became negative at 8.42m. The negativity shows that the zones at those depths may have exceeded the volume change or moisture change or climatic or weather change. Results from both pits shows that the soils belong to the A-2-4 in the AASHTO system of classification system while the USCS describe the soil as SM (silty sand). The consolidation characteristics which was done from a remolded sample at OMC, indicates that at greater depth, the soil becomes denser and the final void ratio reduces as the loads increases and with increase in depth from both pits. Because of the variability in the geotechnical properties of residual soils caused by different formation factors, it is necessary to determine the material location qualities for engineering applications. Note that the percentage passing sieve size no.200 and the compressibility index (Cc) for consolidation at 122.2kN/m2 were used in generating their equations. From the equations, An excel data sheet was used to predict the various properties up to a depth of 8.64m using a data step size of 0.02 but when a step size of 0.01 is used, it was predicted to a depth of 4.32m. That is to say if you need to know the property beyond those depths, you should take your soil sample to a depth of at least 2.5m at relatively close intervals. Key words- Geotechnical properties, Statistical analysis, linear regression equation, excel data sheet, prediction


Fisheries play a significant role in Sri Lanka providing a 20% of the animal protein supply contributing 2.7% of country Gross Domestic Products, making opportunity for direct and indirect employment for 2.4 million people. In 2008, its contribution for the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) was 1.1% and 1.942 % in total export income from 2009 in Sri Lanka with the total production of 29,3170 metric tons. Proper handling practices, rapid chilling and proper storage of fish on boats and up to the market place ensure the quality of fish. This study attempt to investigate the qualty loss and estimate the economy loss of three fish species, namely Katsuwonus pelamis, Decapterus russeli and Auxis thazard from one day fishing boats. . Samples were collected from the catching point and the landing place (physically damage and non-damage fish) from 24 one day fishing boats and analysis proteolytic bacterial count. The visual observation method used to analysis physical damages throughout the value chain and the final market value was observed for damages and non-damages fish at market place. Research is revealed of the effect and the level proteolytic bacteria in the boat deck and the hand that is removing fish from the net, to the both good and damaged fish sampled at the catching site and the Landing site. Research revealed the level of the ef-fect of the boat deck to the proteolytic bacteria in 52.9 % to the damaged fish on the boat, 44.4 % to the good quality fish kept on the deck and 27.3 % damaged fish kept on the boat deck. When the fishermen are removing fish from the net and catching the fish, research revealed that the proteolytic bacteria level of the effect to the particular fish from the hand is 36 % to the good quality fish as soon as possible catch, 13.1 % to the damaged fish as soon as possible catch, 32.1 % to the fish damaged on the boat, 30.2 % to the good quality fish sampled at the pier and 67.7 % to the damaged fish sampled at the peir. And revealed there is no significant difference of the activity of fish under chilled condition in both good and damaged sampled both at the boat and the pier. It is found as 2 - 6 % damages in Katsuwonus pelamis with 10 - 50 % economic loss, in Decapterus resseli 8 - 18 % damages with 13 % - 45 % economic loss and in Auxis thazard 13 % - 23 % damages with 39 % - 51 % Economic loss. Based on the information gain from this study, a comprehensive handling, processing and quality management system has been suggested to minimize the quality and economic loss for one day fishing boats

Dyeing of traditional fibre materials using Rubia cardifolia (L) dye with various mo []

The present study deals with the extraction of natural dye from Rubia cardifolia roots. The extracted dye were coated natural fibres like Palmyra leaf, korai grass, banana, screw pine, pineapple, and sisal with the help of sodium chloride, sodium bi carbonate, oxalic acid, tannic acid, ferrous sulphate, tin metal, potassium alum, and tamarind as a mordants. The mordants used dyeing has good fastness properties except sodium chloride. The without mordant dyed fibres has poor fastness property compare than the mordant used fibres. The dye and mordants mixed dyes were characterized by UV spectrum. Keywords— Rubia cardifolia; natural dye; natural fibre; mordant


Research was conducted in Ciranjang Sub-district, Cianjur District, West Java on February to July 2018. Research aims to analyze influential stakeholder in reducing the number of floating net cages in Cirata Reservoir and analyze the strategies that must be done by stakeholder to reduce the number of floating net cages in Cirata Reservoir in order to be realized. The research was con-ducted by descriptive qualitative with prospective analysis approach. The technique of taking respondents conducted by purpo-sive random sampling. Selection of respondents based on skills and expertise in accordance with the topic of research. Results show that the most influential stakeholder in the effort of reducing the number of floating net cages in Cirata Reservoir especially Ciranjang District is BPWC, Koramil Ciranjang and Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan Kabupaten Cianjur. Floating Net Cages reduction can be realized if optimizing the role of influential stakeholder.

Improving the convergence order and efficiency index of quadrature-based iterative methods for solving nonlinear equations []

The object of this paper is to modify the two-step and three-step quadrature based iterative methods for approximating the solution of nonlinear equations in Noor et al., [10] using the weighted technique. The modification improved the order of convergence and the efficiency index of the iterative methods at the cost of one additional functional evaluation per iteration. The convergence of the proposed methods herein, were established using the Taylor’s series technique. Numerical results obtained from implementation of the proposed methods compared with methods from which they have been derived, shows that methods developed herein are more efficient than the iterative methods from which they have been derived.


This paper modify the generalized family of two-step quadrature based iterative methods for approximating the solution of nonlinear equations developed in Noor et al., [9]. The modification improved the order of convergence and the efficiency of the iterative methods at the cost of no additional functional evaluation per iteration. The convergence of the proposed method was established. Some numerical examples are given to illustrate the efficiency and performance of the new family of methods proposed herein.

An Overview of Genetic Algorithm, Bacterial Foraging Algorithm, and Harmony Search Algorithm []

This paper presents a brief background and architecture needed to recognize, formulate, and solve the multi-objective optimization problems by genetic algorithm, bacterial foraging algorithm and harmony algorithm. A comparison of these three algorithms for this class of problems is also included. Penalty function method for handling constrained problems is described. Finally, the conclusion is reported.


To develop sugarcane varieties having maximum sugar recovery with more tonnage is the basic and primary objective of sugarcane research institute (SRI), Faisalabad. Two means are adopted for the evolution of new sugarcane variety, firstly by importing the stumps of sugarcane of commercial varieties, as direct introduction method, and secondly by evaluating the fuzz of sugarcane, also importing from global breeding institutes. Twenty-four high yielding and disease resistant varieties have been developed so far at SRI, Faisalabad. Among theses, five sugarcane varieties viz. Triton, CP 43-33, CP 72-2086, CP 77-400 and CoJ 84 were developed by Direct Introduction. The rest one varieties of nineteen (19) in numbers were prepared from fuzz. Recently, SRI, Faisalabad had also planned to pool 90 sugarcane varieties at Sugarcane Research Institute (SRI), Udawalave, Sri Lanka by contributing 30 varieties each of SRI, Faisalabad, SSRI, Jhang and SRI, Sri Lanka for crossing each other to create genetic variability. Fuzz of theses crosses were, then imported back to SRI, Faisalabad for evaluating the produce in the form of seedlings and clones after passing through an international track of research with the idea to create maximum genetic variability in the parentage of Pakistani sugarcane varieties in our own climatic conditions. Genetically improved variety is not only tolerant to disease and insect infestation but diverse parentage of the variety is widely adaptable for a varied range of soil and climatic conditions too. A research plan is being initiated to establish such infrastructure under which flower induction taken place and crosses may take place of sugarcane varieties with diverse origin in our own environment to cut down the foreign exchange consumed to import the sugarcane stumps and fuzz from global breeding institutes