Volume 10, Issue 7, July 2022 Edition - GSJ Journal Publication

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This study aimed to determine the relationship between the parents' financial literacy and the learning performance of Sumilao Senior High School students for the School Year 2019-2020. The researcher used the purposive sampling technique in which there were one hundred forty-six (146) respondents. The researcher used a non-experimental quantitative research methodology, specifically, a descriptive correlational technique. A validated and reliability-tested survey questionnaire was the primary data collection instrument, supported by Focus Group Discussion (FGD). The collected data were analyzed and interpreted using appropriate statistical methods such as frequency of distribution, mean, standard deviation, percentage, and chi-square. The study reveals that parents of Senior High School students have a moderate level of Financial Literacy in terms of financial attitude, behavior, and knowledge. Thus, learning performance revealed that the majority of the students received Very Satisfactory and Outstanding and a few on Satisfactory and Fairly Satisfactory. In a test of significance, the finding reveals that there is a significant relationship between the level of parents' financial literacy on financial attitude, behavior, and knowledge and the Senior High School students learning performance. Thus, being financially literate does not measure the individual's financial status.


The study aimed to determine the impact of Nutritional Status on the Academic performance of Kauswagan Central School feeding beneficiaries from Grade 1 to 6 pupils (n=198) identified as wasted and severely wasted for the School Year 2020-2021. It employed the descriptive–correlational design utilizing a Documentary Analysis. There are two sources of data: the Nutritional Result from the School-Based Feeding Program and School Form 10, both of the same School Year, 2020-2021, from the Coordinator and pupils’ Advisers. Frequency, percentage, standard deviation, Pearson-r coefficient, and t-test were used to analyze and interpret the data. Based on the result, Nutritional Status in terms of Body Mass Index has an impact on the academic performance of the school feeding beneficiaries. It was also revealed that the number of the identified severely wasted and wasted respondents have gradually increased their Body Mass Index (BMI), and their Nutritional Status rehabilitated to normal after the feeding period. Furthermore, positive attainment of the School-Based Feeding Program practices and goals was seen, thus revealing a significant difference in the Nutritional Status of the respondent during the pre-feeding and post-feeding period, including the Academic Performance of the respondents between the 1st Grading and the 3rd Grading. Thus, to continuously improve the beneficiaries’ nutritional status, it is recommended for a longer feeding cycle throughout the school year to achieve positive health and educational outcomes.


Based on the turnover data of Infrastructure Department 1 of PT. Adhi Karya Tbk in 2019-2021, it is known that there is a high turnover rate due to the work condition or location change. This study was aimed at examining the effect of compensation, career development, and work environment on job satisfaction by using work motivation as a mediator variable. In this regard, this paper proposes a conceptual model. Besides the conceptual model, this paper has been equipped with a research background, literature review, hypotheses, and research methods. The application of this paper will establish the effect of compensation, career development, and work environment on job satisfaction mediated by work motivation.


Excellent instruction requires access to high-quality instructional materials. One method for providing effective instruction is to use Computer Aided Instructional Materials, which provide one-on-one interaction to students and provide them the freedom to learn at their own pace. This study is conducted to address the compelling need for quality education that can improve students’ learning in a more indulgent and convenient manner. It is supplemental material in the subject Bartending and Set Up to have meaningful teaching-learning engagements for both faculty and students of Glan Institute of Technology. Based on the validation provided by the panel of assessors, this study used experimental and evaluative descriptive research designs to determine the quality of Computer-Aided Instruction. There were 64 student participants who were chosen randomly. The data were examined with descriptive and inferential methods such as the mean, standard deviation, and t-test. Based on the findings, the academic performance of the students has greatly improved in the experimental group with the intervention of Computer-Aided Instruction in comparison to the control group with the traditional method. Finally, it was deduced from the finding that computer-aided instruction is an effective tool in developing and improving students' academic performance. This study will also serve as an avenue for developing effective materials to elevate the level of instruction.

Influence of Strategic Infrastructural Development Facilities on Academic Performance in Public Secondary Schools in Kisii County, Kenya []

Strategic infrastructural development facilities in schools can make a difference in students’ academic performance. The low academic performance in Kisii County has raised eyebrows from all stakeholders in the sector of education. This study aimed to establish the influence of strategic infrastructural development facilities on students' academic performance in public secondary schools in Kisii County, Kenya. The study employed a descriptive survey design. The study considered a population target of 353 principals and 4354 teachers from 353 public secondary schools in Kisii County. The researcher used Slovin’s coefficients to sample 28 (28 school) principals and 341 teachers. The researcher used observation schedules, questionnaires, and interview schedules for principals to collect data. The study used questionnaires to confirm reliability since Cronbach's Coefficient Alpha 0 .998 was higher than the critical Cronbach alpha of 0.7 on a scale of -1 to +1. Data were analyzed both quantitatively and qualitatively. The researcher presented data using frequency distribution tables, means, and percentages for a more straightforward interpretation. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) analyzed quantitative data from Likert scales; Regression analysis showed the influence of the independent variable (infrastructural development facilities) on the dependent variable(academic performance). Education Production Function theory; relates inputs in education to output was applied. This study’s findings showed that strategic infrastructural facilities influence academic performance greatly in Extra County and national schools than in county and sub-county secondary schools. The results will benefit educational researchers and the Ministry of Education by using strategic infrastructural development facilities to make education policies for schools. In conclusion, National and Extra-county secondary schools have adequate infrastructural facilities resulting in outstanding academic performance compared to county and sub-county secondary schools; school academic performance varies depending on the category of the school. Keywords: Strategic infrastructural development facilities, Academic Performance, Public Secondary Schools, Kisii County, Kenya.


The assessment of the challenges and opportunities during the pandemic on local farmers under study was found to be helpless as they see different misfortune in today's environment. They consider this fight played by them without government intervention to aid the battle of crisis. They feel demotivated by their desire to explore beyond since the event gives them the hint of losing at the end. They also viewed it that will lower their productivity somehow creating turmoil that could affect society as a whole. It is also critical to local farmers if the control of entry on foreign products will only be an option by the government and there is a free flow of foreign goods. The economy and the society are considered a recipient of the effect suggesting that the government should revisit the structure of control over the entry of foreign products as one way of helping the local producer that suffers not only the concurrence of the pandemic but also how the governance in terms of its consistency on the implementation and control. It is further concluded that the only way to control these discomforts, is for the government should impose regulation, and abiding by the mandate is the only recourse. Although, they are positive that other good things might happen and eventually bring them to the pedestal due to the new governance, and hope to establish a policy that somehow gives them the freedom to perform more so that the pandemic is now on its downward trend.


Water goiter is a aquatic plant that is invasive, so it can damage the environment, especially the life of fish contained in watery water bodies. This article aims to get information about the use of hyacinths, methods of improving the quality of handicraft products and strategi marketing of handicraft products made from watery goiter.

Peace and Security implications of the Gambia’s political impasse –ECOWAS intervention, justification and its impact on the economy []

Following the disputed December 2016 presidential elections in The Gambia, both the African Union and the United Nations Security Council gave ECOWAS backing for intervening in the country politically. The question that often divides Gambians was whether the intervention is justified. While both international institutions expressed their backing for what was otherwise an ECOWAS policy and quest, the latter backing did not allow for the use of military intervention by ECOWAS. The assignment seeks to evaluate the peace and security implications of the last political impasse in the Gambia and its impact on the country’s economy during the past 13 months while briefly highlighting the role ECOWAS played to end the impasse and the international legal justifications for the intervention and concludes that the intervention is justified.

Multipurpose Agricultural Robot with Ploughing, Seeding & Spraying Mechanism []

The paper presents about a project about the multiple agricultural tasks done by a single robot, i.e. – Ploughing, Seeding & Spraying. To develop the efficiency of the agricultural tasks we have to find new ways. This project deals with a novel approach for cultivating lands in a very efficient way. The distinctiveness of this agriculture robot system is, its multitasking abilities which can be used for ploughing the field, seeding and pumping water & fertilizers, to work in both agriculture, afforestation, and gardening platform. The project's aim is to design, develop and fabricate a robot that can perform such tasks, in order to increase the overall efficiency in the agricultural model. This whole system of robots works with the help of a 12V battery and Motor connections. This model is just a prototype, which can be further improved both in design as well as operating capacity to make it more practical and suitable for actual fields. More than 40% of the population in the world chooses agriculture as the primary occupation, in recent years the development of autonomous vehicles in agriculture has experienced increased interest.


LEVEL OF PREPAREDNESS FOR BIOTECHNOLOGY: A CASE STUDY OF SIAYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY IN SIAYA COUNTY KENYA Author: Stephen O. Onyango1* Daniel Otieno Randa1 * Corresponding author: jsonyango1@gmail.com 1. Siaya Institute of Technology, P.O Box 1087-40600, Siaya Abstract Biotechnology harnesses cellular processes to develop technologies and products that help improve healthcare, agriculture, non-food industrial production and environmental sanitation. These processes and products of Biotechnology are a global utility and hence there is need to align TVET training to the global skills needs. Biotechnology training in TVET institutions is challenged by inadequate training infrastructure in TVET institutions and low capacity building among TVET trainers. This study mainly assessed the level of preparedness of TVET institutions for biotechnology with a special focus on biotechnology infrastructure, trainer qualifications and government policy formulations in Siaya Institute of Technology. Using questionnaires, observations, oral interviews and secondary data, a descriptive research survey in Applied Sciences Department (AS) and Agriculture Departments (AD) showed 2 (16%) capability built staff in AS and 1 (10%) in AD. Pleasantly, 88% (16/18) of the equipment required in a biotechnology laboratory were available for training and practice. In both AS and AD, the trainers showed 99% acceptance to practicing biotechnology. Notably, favorable government policies were already an impetus to biotechnology practice in Kenya. For instance, developed Occupational standard and Curricula for Biotechnology from TVET-CDACC Kenya, have given an enabling platform. The National Biosafety Act, 2009, had been established to regulate the practice of biotechnology and to ensure human and animal health. Descriptive statistics was used in SPSS to analyze data on trainer qualifications and equipment availability. There is need to enhance capacity building, improve biotechnology infrastructure in TVET institutions and introduce biotechnology as a course in TVET institutions to achieve Kenya’s vision 2030 and the world’s SDGs. Key words: Preparedness, biotechnology, infrastructure, staff training, government policies, TVET institutions

Post-Traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): []

An essay on its epidemiology, etiology, clinical manifestations, diagnoses frameworks and as experienced by Health Care Workers in China and the US respectively during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Feasibility Study of Sprinkler Irrigation System For Sugarcane Production on Arid Area, In Case of Jawi Woreda, Ethiopia. []

Water is the greatest resource of humanity that helps in survival, making life comfortable and luxurious. Besides various other uses of water, the largest use of water in the world is made for irrigating lands. As it is known irrigation is an artificial application of water to crops in order to increase productivity. The aim of the research is, to study the efficiency of sprinkler / pressurized irrigation systems for sugarcane production in the area. This can be accomplished by; proper management of deficient irrigation water, increasing the productivity of the crop, maximizing the efficiency of irrigation systems, providing proper land use planning management, and conducting environmental impact assessment studies. According to this, the Peak flood is estimated using Gumbel's frequency analysis method based on 31 years of river flow data and it was about 752.5m3/s for the design period of 50 years. It has been founded that, Trapezoidal concrete-lined canal is needed to offtake water from the intake to the field. As The climatic condition of the area is area is desert that has an annual rainfall of about 1447mm which comes during the summer season only, a pressurized irrigation /sprinkler irrigation system is very effective than surface irrigation for two reasons which are; sprinkler irrigation is effective in the use of deficit water as it minimizes the loss of water and it more economical, than as surface irrigation system because of it does not require extensive land leveling cost. Therefore, the pressurized irrigation system is recommended in the area since it has a scarcity of water because of its desert climatic condition.

A study on the impact of HRM sustainable practices on organizational performance in Madayn. []

This project cover the impact of sustainable HRM (SHRM) practices on organizational performance, and the relationship between sustainable HRM and organizational performance, and employee’s awareness about sustainable HRM. The project used the secondary data to gather qualitative data and primary source like survey to gather quantitative data. The project results that sustainable HRM has indirect impact on organization so, since it HR so, it’s directly impacts employee’s performance, and everything effects human capital obviously impacts organizational performance financially, and operationally so, sustainable HRM increases the organizational performance. Madayn should increase employees awareness and engage them in decision making to increase their performance. Keywords: “sustainability, HRM, sustainable HRM, organizational performance, employee awareness, employee performance”.

Actual Frog Dissection Versus Froguts Virtual Dissection as Performed by Grade 10 Students []

This study investigated the perception of Grade 10 students on actual frog dissection and Froguts dissection to identify the factors affecting student participation in and the acceptability of both dissection options. The participants recruited in this study are 14 male and 9 female students from Kids’ World Christian Academy in San Mateo, Rizal had no experience in dissecting a frog. Froguts dissection software was used to discuss the parts of the frog during the first day of the study. Actual dissection was administered for the same topic to give a full experience of both dissection options. Interviews were conducted after the lesson using both dissection variants. Students’ responses were coded using Unidimensional Description for qualitative purposes. The findings across the categorized responses point to the students’ perceptions of both dissections as effective learning tools, visually appealing, and as motivation for selecting future careers. Students viewed Virtual Dissection as a tool that could be used as alternative or preparatory to Actual Dissection, which was found to be advantageous for the tactile experience and clear exploration. Students gave more accounts of their encounter during Actual dissection than Froguts dissection, indicating that they were more perceptive about actual dissection and less interested in Froguts. It is recommended that further studies be conducted to quantify the effectiveness of actual and virtual dissection on students’ information retention.


Abstract The goal of this study is to determine whether teaching emergency preparedness and safety management through video instruction are more effective and efficient than teaching it through text-based instruction. It also includes a quasi-experimental result and some of its determining factors, including participation of BPEd - 3A and 3B students. This subject is timely and pertinent since catastrophes can occur anywhere and at any time, and schools are everyone second home away from home. An emergency can fluctuate in scope and impact by its very nature, which makes it unpredictable. Protecting lives, the environment, and property requires advance planning and preparation. Two groups—BPED 3A (video instruction) (n=30) and BPED 3B (text-based instruction) (n=30)—are involved in the two interventions. Pre-intervention student understanding of emergency preparedness and safety management is demonstrated by the pre-test overall mean score of 24.41 for BPED 3A. Their post-test average is 36.24, demonstrating that they learned more about disaster preparedness and safety management after receiving the video instructions. The pretest results for BPED 3B show an overall mean of 27.48, showing that the majority of people are aware of emergency preparedness and safety management. After the intervention, the total mean is 32.10, indicating an increase in knowledge of emergency and safety management.


This examined the implementation of teaching Mother Tongue-Based Instruction in teaching elementary Mathematics in Tagoloan Central School. This study utilized mixed method, a combination of quantitative and qualitative research design that inves-tigated the parents’ perception on Modular MTB Instruction in Grade 1 Mathematics, the Third Quarter performance rating in Mathematics of the Grade 1 pupils and the significant relationship between the parent’s perception on Modular MTB Instruction in Grade 1 Mathematics and the Third Quarter performance rating of Grade 1 pupils for School Year 2021-2022. Findings revealed that parents are strongly satisfied as they perceived Modular MTB Instruction in Grade 1 Mathematics in terms of Instruction, Con-tent, and Performance Tasks. They have observed their children to find Mathematics lessons simple because it is in Mother Tongue. Furthermore, significant difference was also found on the parents’ perception on modular MTB instruction in terms of Instruction, Content and Performance Tasks. In addition, there is a significant relationship of parents’ perception on Modular MTB Instruction in Grade 1 Mathematics and pupils’ Third Quarter performance rating. It is recommended to further investigate to help the parents on how to diligently and responsibly play their part as learning partners in their children’s education in this new system brought about by the COVID-19.


Logistics is a critical function to humanitarian and relief missions. The emergencies caused by the suddenness of such missions, results to high speed and highly vulnerable supply chains. This calls for logistics responses that are agile, flexible and adaptable yet resilient, a situation that greatly challenges the capacity and capabilities of logistics service providers. This study sought to contribute to the search for more effective engagement by Third-Party Logistics, a sector largely dominated by business logistics. The main objective was to establish best practices that can enhance effective disaster responsiveness of Commercial Logistics Service Providers. The study revealed a pattern of socially oriented practices that have enabled large logistics firms to respond better to humanitarian and emergency missions than the less developed firms. These practices were found to have the potential to increase the participation of more commercial third party logistics firms in humanitarian operations. Dynamic capability, social capital and coordination theory anchored the study. The relationship between the dependent and dependent variables was illustrated using a conceptual framework. The study was conducted through literature review of humanitarian logistics practices of private firms, and non-governmental agencies with long term experience in disaster and relief missions. Future research on the impact of a social logistics approach to humanitarian operations was recommended to complement the study. The contents were selected using key words for search.

Total Quality Management In The Health Care Sector. []

Nowadays, studies have shown that the healthcare sector is suffering consecutive variables and the desire to develop necessitate continuous development and improvement of quality management to accelerate the new developments and optimally manage resources to improve the quality of the improved service and are committed to satisfying their customers and responding to their strategic objectives. Total Quality Management (TQM) recommends a system for solving quality and patient safety issues and carrying significant improvements to hospital performance. Nevertheless, only a few studies have been conducted to this extent in developing countries, mainly in Saudi Arabia. Delivering quality health services to patients at a reasonable delivery of care, time; effort, and cost. Moreover, by applying zero defects to all patients' facilities; implementing a continuous process improvement program; educating health care providers on such aspects as minimizing and eliminating risk, and maintaining patient satisfaction; the administrative system has a dominant hand in improving the systems to realize the true nature of the quality of healthcare and to be appreciated towards improving the quality care. The 'quality health care management revolution', is sporadically indicated to, be only putting the patient at the core of medical services and itinerant the consideration over it, instead of the opposite way around. Quality Key Performance Indicators (KPI), Self-Assessment Tool (SAT), and Quality Control (QC)are important, mainly when multiple sources of variation are existing. Investigating all medical operations to element rework and waste. This will lead to significantly minimizing patient complaints. The use of quality-assurance programs and statistical tools can be directly applied to healthcare organizations with improved the quality of patient outcomes. Therefore, there must be a close gap between healthcare, which aims to develop new ways of delivering services to meet customer needs, and TQM, which employs the right application, to help make the sector a success, in which we found that the concept has been incorporated with great success into other services and management work. This article describes some of the important aspects of applying TQM to the healthcare sector and provides a quality management application framework for them. This framework is based on five measures with a variety of integrated methods to achieve high-quality results. In conclusion, I completed this article to make it clear that this framework for the application of TQM contributes to the further development of business performance in the healthcare sector and increases the confidence of customers and employees and people too.


This study sought to determine parents' perceptions on Modular Distance Learning (MDL) in terms of module distribution and re-trieval, time allotment for each module, assessment of learning and its significant relationship to Kindergarten pupils' Developmental Domains. A total of 100 parents of the Kindergarten pupils of Tagoloan Central School were chosen using stratified random sampling as the respondents. This study used a mixed method research approach, which combined quantitative and qualitative methods. Results revealed that there is a significant relationship between the parents’ perceptions on Modular Distance Learning (MDL) and the Kindergarten pupils’ Developmental Domains. Parents are Strongly Satisfied with the MDL in terms of distribution and retrieval of modules, but only satisfied in terms of time allotment in doing the activities in the modules and assessment of learning because parents said during the unstructured interview that the number of activities and performance tasks are too many for the given time. It concluded that MDL specifically print modules can be carried out by the Kindergarten with the help of the parents, but it is recommended that print modules will have lesser activities and assessment following the Most Essential Learning Competencies in order for the Kindergarten pupils to accomplish the mod-ule at the time allotment.


Mangrove fruit is widely available along Indonesia's coast. Known as propagules, mangrove fruit that has undergone germina-tion. Mangrove fruit known as "propagules"—a combination of the fruit and sprouts of the Rhizophora mangrove species—have germinated as a method of regeneration (hypocotyl). The active components in propagul, a feed additive, have a high level of antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, insecticide, and antileukemic activity. 2.93 percent protein, 0.21 percent crude fat, 2.09 percent ash, 15.25 percent water content, and 25.98 percent crude fiber make up the mangrove propagules of R. mucronata. According to the proximate analysis's findings, the major barrier to the use of propanes is their high crude fiber content, which is bad for di-gestion and can stunt growth, especially in fish seeds. Several studies are reported to have conducted trials of giving fermented propagule as feed for several types of fish, such as tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and catfish (Clarias gariepinus). Propagules are able to support the survival of fish because of the large number of extracellular enzymes produced during fermentation, thereby improving the content of propagule flour for the better and affecting the survival of fish. The crude fiber content in propagule flour is quite high at 24.03%, it is suspected that it can also affect the growth of fish fry. The addition of a large percentage of fermented propagule flour will reduce the growth rate. This paper aims to describe the potential use of mangrove propagules in artificial fish feed, which is presented in the form of a literature study.


The aim of this study was to ascertain the influence of demographic variables on the work performance of secondary school teach-ers. The study specifically examined the influence of age, gender, educational qualifications, length of service, and teaching position on the respondents’ work performance. The Individual Commitment and Review Form (IPCRF) rating of the respondents for S.Y. 2020-2021 was used as basis for their work performance. Data were gathered from the 45 teachers of Kauswagan National High School in the Division of Cagayan de Oro City through survey technique of data collection. Frequency and percentages were used to present the demographic profile and the level of work performance of the respondents, F-test was used to determine significant difference between respondents work per-formance when grouped according to the demographic variables, while the Pearson-Product Moment Correlation or Pearson-r was utilized to determine significant relationship between the level of teachers’ work performance and their demographic profile. The study found out that teaching position is a factor affecting the work performance of teachers. The study also revealed that there is a significant difference between the level of teachers’ work performance and their demographic profile in terms of age, educational qualification, and teaching position. It was recommended among others that teachers should consider enrolling in graduate studies since this is a necessary require-ment for promotion. This is based on the idea that the teaching profession thrives on lifelong learning.