Volume 7, Issue 5, May 2019 Edition - GSJ Journal Publication

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Employment options for strategies to combat violent extremism after 2014 ISIS model []

Terrorism has been defined within the framework of a State in terms of the objectives of the operations carried out by violent armed organizations and groups, and at other times a tool in the hands of the State employed by its intelligence agencies to achieve its objectives both internally and externally, but we note here that the phenomenon of terrorism has become since the beginning of the nineties of last century The phenomenon is complex and intertwined and sophisticated get away The various forms of terrorism have diversified, and its tools have expanded and its influence has expanded beyond the geopolitical limits of a country, so it has become a global phenomenon that threatens all countries of the world ISIS model Therefore, we find that behind this development are key factors, including the interdependence characteristic that made the world like the small cosmic village as a result of overlap due to technological developments and the secretions of globalization, as well as the trends of the American political discourse to the post-September 11, 2001 to the Arab and Islamic countries

Investigating Intentions of Female Graduates in Sindh by Utilizing The Theory of Planned Behavior []

Abstract This study has used three variables to predict the entrepreneurial intentions of female graduates of Sindh. Through thorough analysis and by examining the body of literature the present study tested the three components including attitude, Subjective norm and perceived behavioral control in context of Sindh province. Further data was collected from 200 female graduates who are studying in Shah Abdul Latif University and Sukkur IBA University. Therefore, SPSS version 22 was used for data analysis that found significant contribution of three variables on formal female entrepreneurial intentions by keeping in view the tough current economic scenario. From the last decade, Enhanced entrepreneurial education and increased cost of living has promoted formal female entrepreneurship other than traditional businesses at some extent particularly in semi –urban Sindh but still requires attention for rural female. Significantly this study will provide useful insight to graduates and policy makers of Sindh province. Keywords: Attitude, Subjective Norms, Perceived Behavioral control, Entrepreneurial Intentions

Women Empowerment: Rethinking Sankara’s Feminist Ideology as a Panacea to Development in 21st Century Africa []

Abstract The African socio-cultural configuration has remained fundamentally patriarchal. This has not only encouraged the domination and oppression of women, it has also promoted backwardness in Africa. It means therefore that if Africa must deliver on her quest for development, women empowerment is a fundamental issue to address. Sankara, being passionate about this, became one of the first African Heads of State to condemn the oppression of women in all its ramifications and was committed to the struggle to end it. He implemented policies that respected the rights of Burkinabe women, whose population was over half of the overall population and treated them with dignity and value as human beings. This was to break away from practices that were oppressive to women and retrogressive to the nation. This paper therefore, analysed the feminist revolutionary idea of Sankara, to advocate for gender equality as the fulcrum of African development. The paper argued that the empowerment of African women should not be seen as an act of human compassion rather, it should be considered as a well-deserved timely action. Also, as the saying; when a woman is empowered the whole nation is empowered, the paper argued that continues oppression of women through the traditional patriarchal system has not only brought African women backward, it has dwarfed African development. The paper concluded that, for Africa to deliver on her development goal, women empowerment should be treated as a timely issue demanding concentrated attention. The paper also, has offered some modest recommendations.

Physico-Chemical Composition and Active Principles of Leaves and Fruits of Pseudoacasia Robinia of Upper Katanga in the Democratic Republic of Congo []

Abstract There is a variety of the wild acacia plant in Upper Katanga / DRC. It is a pseudo acasia Robinia, but which does not give flowers and does not release any parfum. At the end of our research, the results show that the pseudo acasia plant Robinia growing in Lubumbashi and its surroundings is endowed with antioxidant, antiseptic and anti-venomous properties due to the presence of tannins in the leaves and fruits; This richness in tannins could be enhanced in oenology by the vinification of wild tropical fruits, generally poor in tannins. Domestication and protection in its natural environment of this plant are imperative.

The effectiveness of employee training and development programs of kitex ltd , Aluva []

Training is the process of increasing the knowledge and skills for doing a particular job. It is an organized procedure by which people learn knowledge and skill for a definite purpose. The purpose of training is basically to bridge the gap between job requirements and present competence of an employee. Training is aimed at improving the behaviour and performance of a person. It is a never ending or a continuous process. The study is an analysis on the Training and development program followed at Kitex Ltd and is carried out by interviewing 100 employees of Kitex Ltd. The main objectives of my study is to Find the effectiveness of employee training and development programs of Kitex Ltd. Training programs main objective is to improve the productivity of the company’s employees which in turn will improve the company’s profitability. Through training, the employee skill levels are upgraded which will make the employees more productive. When an employee gets promoted from one level to next level, the skills required to do his/her job changes and training is essential in equipping the employee with the new skills. Training provides self-motivation to the employees. Key words: Training , Job, Skills, Job, Task.

The Impact of Diversity on Relationship Conflict (By keeping in view language & Ethnic differences) []

Abstract Purpose: Language & ethnic diversity is the basis of discrimination in Pakistan. In this regard it is important to understand diversity & relationship conflict in current economic scenario in context of multinational firms. The main aim of this study was to understand factors of diversity that lead to relationship conflict Design /Methodology/ approach: The conceptual framework implies the impact of diversity on relationship conflict. Therefore, this study utilized the descriptive methodology and data was personally collected from 19 groups of multinational firm. Survey questionnaire was used to collect data from 250 employees. SPSS version 22 was used for data analysis . Findings: The results of analysis revealed that Pearson correlation & linear regression revealed significant contribution of diversity on relationship conflict. Diversity showed good strength of relationship with relationship conflict Originality /Value: This study will provide useful insight to government, policy makers and managers to implement diversity strategy while managing relationship between employs for peaceful work place.


Material management is in the leading concerns facing professionals in construction industry globally. The industry has a prominent part in economic growth for countries all universally. This study highlights the factors affecting material management which lead to cost overrun in the construction industry of Peshawar (Khyber- Pakhtunkhwa) Pakistan. Improvement in material management and proactive approach in planning & management results in saving of cost and time. This study emphasized on various factors for improving material management practices and cost controlling in construction industry of Kpk, Pakistan. Questionnaire survey and practical material management approach assessment was adopted to assess the effect of each factor. The relative importance index (RII) of all the twenty (20) factors, affecting material management and cost was calculated. This study was also compared with the factors and procedures, affected material management and cost with projects studied as case studies in the target area, which can be utilized by the project managers to consider certain features related to material management and cost in diverse areas. The foremost factors which are sorted out and conclusions of this study will help project managers to anticipate weak areas of material management and cost impacts in their projects to offer precise approaches for project success.


The purpose of present study is to examine the effects of external motivational factors on employees. Current study is employed Herzberg’s two-factor theory to investigate the effects of extrinsic factors on employees’ performance.in textile industries of Sindh, Pakistan. Seven point Likert scale is used for survey purpose. Reliability test is conducted for knowing the internal consistency of extrinsic factors as independent variables and employees’ performance as dependent variable. Pearson correlation, Analysis Of Variance (ANOVA), t test and multiple regression techniques are employed for data analysis. The results found that all extrinsic factors have positive and significant effects on employees. This study provides good amount of knowledge on the importance of extrinsic factors for improving the employees’ performance.

Short-term follow up treatment outcome and referral pattern of mental illness at a psychiatric outpatient clinic of Dhaka city, Bangladesh []

Psychiatric problems are increasing day by day through out the World as well as in Bangladesh. Psychiatric services have shifted its` focus from historical in patient service towards community based outpatient services which is even more important in a resource scarce country like Bangladesh.1 It is important to assess the impact of present outpatient services to identify the strength and weakness of such services to provide comprehensive service to the patients in future. This study was a cross sectional study conducted in 2015 at a private psychiatric outpatient service center located at Dhaka. Data was collected from 300 consecutive patients who gave informed consent. Patients’ socio-demographic data and referral information were recorded and treatment outcome was measured subjectively. Results were compared with data from another study conducted in 2007 at the same centre. For these two studies done in 2007 and 2015, patient registry book and their history of information in the form of questionnaire were used. Information was recorded both in hardcopy and softcopy. In this study, it was found that patients or their relatives reported subjective improvement in 94% of cases. Sixteen percent of patients were referred by GP/specialist and 84% of patients were referred by self/relative/cured patient which higher than the previous study done in 2007. This small study has shown the effectiveness of outpatient psychiatric service and has indicated the increased awareness about and acceptance of psychiatric illness among the population.

Antibacterial Textiles Surface via Synthesized of Nanopar-ticles from Brassica Rapa var. Japonica Leaf. []

Extracted green AgNPs from Brassica rapa var. japonica leaf application is really outstanding way to functionalize wool fabric surface. This research aims to investigate/analysis the antimicrobial activity, antioxidative & UV resistance of wool fabrics surface after treated with synthesized Brassica silver nanoparticles via exhaustion methods. This is 1st time ever, wool fabric surface functionalized by synthesized AgNPs from Brassica rapa var.japonica green leaf extracts. In this study we have analyzed surfaces after treated by green silver Nanoparticles onto the wool fabric via various ways (UV performance evaluated according to Australia/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS 4399:1996 (AS/NZS4399)and the antibacterial activity evaluated according to GB/T 20944.3-2008 (eq. ISO 20743-2007) against bacteria i.e. Escherichia coli (E. coli). The results indicated that silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were successfully assembled on wool surface without any adverse effect on the surfaces of fabric by exhaustion method where Liquor, pH and temperature of application medium were adjusted to 4 and 45 ºC, respectively for 115-20min and proved that AgNPs are antibacterial, antioxidative, UV resistance properties and such fabric may be useable as anti-Hygienic or medical textiles for future textiles wearer .Thus, this finding may be a matter of interest for the consumer products production as an antibacterial and UV resist textiles which is known as medical textiles.

Comparative Analysis of Popular Web Forecasting Software’s []

Mobile apps or mobile applications are software designed specifically to run on a wide range of mobile devices including tablet computers and smart phones. The initial norm was the use of websites which was great but not always suitable for all clients as most of these sites were not mobile friendly. Research has shown that the use of these apps are a very good way to increase the revenue of a business as about 50% of search results were from mobile devices and smart phones. Even in other areas like the education sector, the use of software created by app developers in India has become quite widespread.

Towards Public Transport Improvement in the Lagos megacity: Lessons from the Bogota's Experience []

This review examines the role of transportation in urban development. It looks at public transportation in the Lagos megacity with emphasis on its shortcomings. Some of these shortcomings include congestion problems, parking challenges, longer commuting, public transport inadequacy, urban sprawl, pollution, lack of cycling and pedestrian facilities accidents and safety issues among others. It also examines previous attempts to address the transportation challenges in the city. The introduction of restriction in the use the roadway by odd and even number plates on different days of the week was one of such attempts. Another, amidst many others, was an extensive road construction works to cater for increasing traffic. The most recent is the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) initiative. The paper goes on to compare the recent BRT initiative in Lagos with a similar project in Bogota, Colombia. It shows that the city needs to upgrade its BRT system to the standard of the TransMilenio scheme. This will make public transport use attractive to Lagos residents to be able to effectively and efficiently make use of mass public transport. It also suggests other solutions to Lagos transport problems, some of which are improved parking management schemes, transit oriented development, and improvement in job-housing balance.


Abstract: The flooded areas along the Gelana River have been mapped based on the exceedance of highest flows for different return periods using the hydrologic engineering center for river analysis system (HEC-RAS) model, Geographical Information System (GIS) for spatial data processing and hydrologic engineering center geographical river analysis system (HEC-GeoRAS) for interfacing between hydrologic engineering center for river analysis system (HEC-RAS) and Geographical Information System (GIS). The velocity of 100 years return period would be 13.2 m/s, the velocity of 50 years return period would be 15.6 m/s, the velocity of 25 years return period was 5.1 m/s, the velocity of 10 years return period was 5 m/s and lastly the velocity of 2 years return period was 5 m/s. Proper land use management, river training work and a forestation are significant to reduce the adverse effects of flooding particularly in the flood prone areas. The result of this research will help the concerned bodies like; NGOs, governmental organizations, stack holders of the catchment, researchers to formulate and develop strategies, considerations and awareness according to the available flood inundation to the area. Key words: Gelana, HEC- GeoRAS, inundation mapping, GIS

Quantification of pluvial rice culture sensitivity to hydric stress in the of Lubumbashi agroecology []

ABSTRACT This work was undertaken to assess the effects of sowing and chicken droppings on the growth of rainfed rice (Oryva sativa) with a view to making recommendations for the use of chicken droppings in rice fertilization On the one hand, and propose the best sowing period in the Lubumbashi region and in the low rainfall zone. The test was set up using a 3-fold factorial system comprising 4 sowing dates of rice and 4 doses of chicken droppings. Observations were made on some growth parameters and on the need for irrigation water from rainfed rice crops. The results show that only the sowing date had a significant influence on all the growth parameters studied, whereas the interactions between the sowing date and the hen droppings did not influence them significantly. The same applies to the application, alone, of chicken droppings for which the effect is insignificant. Water deficit increases linearly with the number of days of delay in sowing rice.


Air compressors are used as versatile tool throughout the industries for a variety of purposes. They are used for various applications in manufacturing plants such as driving pneumatic tools, air operated controlling equipment’s, conveying of fly ash etc.. . Air compressors are one of the major sources of energy consumption in industries. In the present scenario, the importance of energy conservation is increasing day by day. For a manufacturing plant, improving energy efficiency or replacement of less energy efficient equipment with energy efficient ones can earn significant savings. In the manufacturing plant, it was found that compressors which are running were installed in the earlier stages. Due to aging, the efficiency of compressor decreased and it resulted in huge expense. As a solution, the performance assessment of the compressors were done. Compressor with an energy efficiency less than 35% is replaced with energy efficient Compressor. Modification in the compressor air system was done to improve efficiency. The latest trend in the automotive industry is to develop light weight vehicles. Every automotive industry is looking to reduce the weight of the vehicle as it helps in the better handling of the vehicle and increases the efficiency of the vehicle. Today, the heavy vehicles are known for producing a large amount of harmful gases like CO2, SO2 etc. which act as the major source for global warming. So research is going on to find a light weight vehicle which does not pollute the environment. One of the alternatives is the use of compressed air to generate power to run an automobile. Due to the unique and environmental friendly properties of air, it is considered as one of the future fuels which will run the vehicles. So in this paper an effort is made to study the extent of research done and the potential advantages and disadvantages of the compressed air technology. Keywords: - Light Weight Vehicles, Compressed Air, Global Warming, Alternative Sources of Energy.


Water management is a critical issue for the survival of organisms residing on the earth. The present study is conducted in the city of lakes- Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh. Aquatic organisms habitating the area depends on the physical, chemical and biological quality of their habitat. Macro benthic organisms are indicator of pollution, therefore any disturbance in their habitat leads to survival of organisms.

Integrated Accident Detection & Reporting System []

Abstract: Many people around the world use their privtae vehicles as the main method of their daily transportation. Although, the use of such a method has its advantages, road accidents are very common and is considered as one of the leading causes of fatalities. Difficulties and delay in getting help on time after a road accedient, is one of the factors that ranks road accedients as a leading cause of death. One way to minimise the severity of this, is to equipe vehicles with an integrated Accident detection & reporting system. Hence, this paper presents an intelligent framework that can find the nearest location and report an accident place. This paper propose accident detection and reporting system by using GPS and GSM. The objective of this system to minimize the delay of reaching the rescue in the accident location. This scheme is fully automated. Thus it locates the accident spot accurately, calculates the distance, selects the nearest emergency station to the accident location and then sends alerting message to the selected location. Many kinds of research are heading to develop the features of the airbag. However, the success of any safety equipment depends on its correct implementation and specific rules to be followed.

Class Attendance record based face recognition using Raspberry pi []

Mainly there are two conventional methods of marking attendance which are calling out the roll call or by taking student sign on pa-per. They both were more time consuming and difficult. Hence, there is a requirement of computer-based student attendance man-agement system which will assist the faculty for maintaining attendance record automatically. In this project the automated attend-ance system using Raspberry pi 3B+ with OpenCV/Python libraries have been implemented. Our ideas have been projected to imple-ment “Class Attendance System Based on Facial Recognition”, in which it compasses large applications. The system is designed using OpenCV/Python platform. The proposed system uses supervisory neural network module with Local Binary Patterns Histograms (LBPH) algorithm which is based on LBP combined with histograms of oriented gradients (HOG) descriptor. This algorithm compares the detected image with training image in the dataset, then recognized the image and determines students who are present and ab-sent. The attendance record is maintained in MySQL (which contain the student data) as a tabular sheet which is updated automatical-ly in the system. Also, the system produces a monthly report with list of students who have reached/exceed the absenteeism per-centage and notify them via email.


The purpose of this research is to deeply analyze the role of CFC regulations in Indonesia. This regulation is important to be enforced in every country (especially developing countries) because of the tendency for start-up companies that choose to become private companies, it is used by taxpayers who want to invest without being monitored further by the government. The scheme which ultimately leads to cons from the government so the BEPS Action Plan appears jointly studied by the OECD member countries. This study analyzes the suitability of CFC rules with the nature of rules through the analysis of tax policies written on Rosdiana & Irianto (2014) to see the impact on start-up companies and foreign non-exchange business entities. The results of this study are 1) CFC regulations in Indonesia are in accordance with the nature of rules, but there’s different interpretation between the government and the taxpayer, 2) The latest CFC regulations have been able to accommodate and become alternative policies from the previous regulation, 3) The latest regulation of CFCs makes the taxpayer to postpone or delay their investment activity, this matter can also be disadvantageous the private companies.


:BACKGROUND: Diabetes has become very common disease throughout in our country and the world. The situation has turn into an alarming condition as the prevalence of this disease is increasing day by day due to unhealthy lifestyle and many other factors. Long term diabetes leads to many macrovascular complications including cardiovascular complications. METHODS: Sample size was 109. The age range was above 37-92. There were three groups in the study. First was normal control group, second was group of diabetic patients and third was group of diabetic patients with CVD. RESULTS: Most of the diabetic and CVD patient had positive family history. Only 38.9% patients manage their stress after having CVD. 63% patients were having type II diabetes mellitus. 61.53% individuals were obese while 21.79% were overweight. CONCLUSION: The conclusion is that patients of long term type II diabetes have more chances to develop cardiovascular disease as compare to type I diabetic patients. People should be aware about their familial diseases in order to prevent them. Obesity should be controlled because if it remains untreated, it would ultimately result into diseases like hypertension, diabetes and CVD.

Assessing e-Governance Implementation in Nigeria through the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) Application. []

The focus of this paper is to examine the e-governance implementation in Nigeria using the Technology Acceptance Model. The paper is qualitative in nature and relies on secondary sources for data collection and the discussion that followed. The paper found that there are certain obstacles that hinder the adoption and effective implementation of e-governance that would have engendered qualitative service delivery in public sector organizations in Nigeria. It is in line with the foregoing, that this paper concludes that tackling the obstacles to e-governance adoption, implementation is key to the achievement of better public service delivery. The paper therefore recommends the sensitization of public servants on the importance and benefits of adopting and implementing e-governance in their administrative and organizational processes that will ultimately lead to improved service delivery in Nigeria among others.

A Technology Transfer Model for Renewable Energy Based Agro-processing Technologies []

The term technology transfer has been viewed different by different writers and researchers. One wider encompassing view is where Technology Transfer (TT) begins during the development of an innovation, continues through its dissemination, and extends into its early implementation. A distinction is also made between horizontal and vertical transfer. This paper is developed based on technology transfer from vertical integration and from a wider perspective that includes; technology development, dissemination, and adoption. Technology transfer is one of the ingredients for development of technological capabilities of enterprises. Most Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) including those using renewable energy and agro-processing technologies lack technological capabilities and require effective technology transfer. Some of potential renewable energy based agro-processing technologies for use by SMEs in Kenya are solar drying and evaporative cooling. The two technologies have not been effectively introduced or adopted due to various technical and socio-economic reasons, and adoption and usage still remain low in Africa. One major challenge to their use is poor transfer efforts. Review of various models show they are diverse in their visualisation of technology transfer, and one need to consider characteristic variation of involved institutions and technologies at each of the stages of development and commercialization. This study has attempted to develop a model for technology transfer that could be used to transfer renewable energy based agro-processing technologies. The study identifies the elements of some models used by selected players in technology transfer of renewable and agro-processing technologies in Kenya. The best elements are incorporated into a consolidated model that also factors other elements from literature review. The formulated technology transfer model has three components; planning component; the technology development; and the dissemination and adoption component. Such a model can be used by diverse organisations that are engaged in technology transfer and is ideal for most renewable energy based agro-processing technologies


ABSTRACT THE EFFECT OF COMPANY SIZE, LIQUIDITY, PROFIT PERSISTENCE, SUPPLY METHOD, AND SALES GROWTH ON EARNINGS RESPONSE COEFFICIENT Muh. Yusuf The Objective of study to empirically examine the effect of company size, liquidity, earnings perspective, inventory method, and sales growth on earnings response coefficient. The data in this study used secondary data from manufacturing companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2012 - 2016. Data were analyzed using a quantitative approach panel data regression analysis. The results of the study show that simultaneously the independent variables of company size, liquidity, earnings persistence, inventory method, and sales growth have a effect on the dependent earnings response coefficient variable. And partially variable company size, earnings persistence, inventory method, and sales growth have a positive effect on earnings response coefficient while liquidity variables partially have a negative effect on earnings response coefficient. Keywords: Earnings response coefficient, earnings quality, earnings response coefficient


With passage of time cloud computing has been on high demand due to its cost and high reliability along with high security and scalability. Cloud Computing enables shared resources, software, and information to be provided to computers and other devices as a utility. However in the area of research it is observed that cloud computing still has some issues in security regarding privacy. In cloud computing data are sent over an insecure channel and they are therefore subjected to so many types of intruders. This means that it has become necessary to protect the secrecy of messages which are sent over an insecure channel so that correct data are received by the receiver at the right time without any intrusion. In order to ensure secrecy of data when sent over insecure channel an encryption is employed. In this research work the encryption algorithm employed is an extension and modification of the RSA cryptosystem. In RSA algorithm the message to be encrypted does not undergo any form of transformation or encoding prior to encryption and the level of encryption is therefore homogeneous. In our work, we extended the level of encryption to two, which makes it heterogeneous. Prior to RSA encryption, the message is subjected to an encoding mechanism using ‘Delta Encoding Technique’. Thus the proposed security algorithm preserves the security in cloud computing in two phases that is by RSA algorithm and ‘Delta Encoding Technique’. Therefore the researchers objective is to develop an enhancement encryption scheme which is heterogeneous compared with the traditional RSA system that is homogeneous, which brings us toward improved RSA cryptosystem for privacy in terms of the level of transformation. For this purpose, Key Generation, Encryption and Decryption Time in Original RSA and the proposed algorithm have been compared according to the different size of exponents. Moreover, some of the common attacks against RSA algorithm have been analyzed to detect the resistance of the proposed algorithm against possible attacks. After thoroughly comparison between the original RSA and the proposed algorithm, the results showed that the proposed algorithm was better than the original RSA in terms of security and total execution time.


In this paper, linear volterra integro-differential equations are reduced to the standard linear volterra integral equation of the second kind in other to avoid unrealistic assumptions experienced with other methods and the exact solution are obtained using the modified Adomian decomposition method (MADM).


Abstract Graft copolymer of Polyacrylamide/Gum Arabic has been successfully synthesized with the aim of modifying the mechanical and rheological properties of polyacrylamide. This was done by preparing solution of different concentrations of acrylamide and gum Arabic and solution polymerization reaction was performed in a reaction vessel. The graft copolymer was characterized in terms of percentage graft level, shear rates and viscosity determination using the ubbelohde viscometer. The results obtained indicate that gum Arabic has a marked effect on the mechanical stability of polyacrylamide by improving the back bone rigidity and hence improvement on shear sensitivity behavior. Keyword: Polyacrylamide, Gum Arabic, Polymerization,Viscosity,Concentration

Effects of polyethylene glycol as alternative activator in a bamboo fibre filled natural rubber composite. []

There is a growing interest in the research community of the possibility of reducing or total elimination of zinc oxide (ZnO) as activator in rubber compounds. This study therefore is an attempt in that direction to study the effect of polyethylene glycol (PEG) as an alternative activator in rubber compounds. Various levels of polyethylene glycol (0,2,3,4,5,6 phr) and zinc oxide (as reference) were compounded with 100phr of natural rubber and other compounding additives. The effects of both polyethylene glycol and zinc oxide were investigated on the mechanical properties of the composite. The results obtained shows that polyethylene glycol has the potential as an activator. But one significant phenomenon noticed in this study is that for modulus polyethylene glycol shows no effect of reversion cure unlike zinc oxide. It is our hope from evidence shown in this study that polyethylene glycol could provide alternative route for activation of natural rubber compounds. Keywords: Composite, Mechanical properties, Natural rubber, Polyethylene glycol, Zinc oxide,

Relevance of Management Thoughts and Ideas to Private Sectors in Yola, Adamawa State []

The Managers in the private sectors are confronted with managerial decisions and issues on how to make use of the best decision possible in order to overcome the most pressing of the challenges they are presently confronted with. Therefore, the objective of this study is to assess management thoughts and ideas and its relevance to Private Sectors in Yola, Adamawa State. The study adopted both qualitative and quantitative survey methods of research. Structured questionnaires were administered to 60 staff of Private Sectors using convenient sampling method, out of which 50 was retrieved. The data collected was subjected to percentage analysis and Chi-Square was employed for testing the hypothesis at 0.05 (5%) level of significance. The findings revealed that, management thought and ideas in Private Sectors Adamawa State bring expertise on social issues and improve efficiency to achieve the pre-set goals, whereas technical efficiency and effectiveness are the ultimate goals of management thought. Also, it was revealed that that management thought and idea have significant relevance to Private Sectors in Yola, Adamawa State (P<0.000 at 0.05). Based on the findings therefore, the study recommended that management of Private Sectors in Yola Adamawa State should cultivate the habit of developing vibrant thoughts and ideas in their organization as this brings expertise on social issues and improves efficiency, coordinating & facilitating transition between upper management and line agencies who implement them.

Comparison on the effectiveness of Hydrated alumunium sulfate and ferric chloride as a coagulant in brewery wastewater treatment. The case of Walia brewery, Heineken Ethiopia []

Abstract: Reclamation of process wastewater is a key to water resources conservation and sustainability. Since brewery is inherently associated with the use of considerable amount of water, this study was undertaken to investigate the appropriate dosage of ferric chloride and alum for the wastewater generated by Heineken (Wallia) brewery. For this work, samples of wastewater were collected and characterized. Series of jar test experiments were conducted in which the efficiencies of ferric chloride and alum were compared with in a coagulation/flocculation process at discharge pH.. The results showed that 20 mg/l of ferric chloride was enough for removal of both turbidity and COD where as in the case of hydrated aluminum sulfate, 40 mg/l of hydrated aluminum sulfate was found to be sufficient for the removal of both turbidity and COD. Both demonstrated the ability to coagulate colloidal particles in the brewery wastewater. Overall, hydrated aluminum sulfate was found to be a more preferable coagulant at a dosage of 40mg/l.

Kinesiophobia in Patients After Dynamic Hip Screw Placement with Open Procedure []

Dynamic Hip Screw (DHS) is used in surgical procedures using a plate with a screw to hold a fracture of hip bone. Kinesiophobia (fear of movement or re injury) is prominent key factor in patient undergoing post-op DHS patients. The research aim to determine Kinesiophobia in patients after open procedure dynamic hip screw placement. This was a case series. The questionnaire was used as data collection tool. It consisted of demographics and Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia. Total 26 patients were enrolled through sample of convenience. Patients were distributed in gender, out of sample size 26, 14 patients were male and 12 patients were female. The study setting was Ghurki Trust Teaching Hospital, Lahore. The collected data analyzed through SPSS software. Results show that maximum number of patients (20 out of 26) with DHS reported moderate level of Kinesiophobia. 6 patients reported high Kinesiophobia and none of the patients reported with low Kinesiophobia.The results of this study concluded that majority of the patients show moderate level of Kinesiophobia after post-op DHS with open procedure.


Over the years and ages, the environment has experienced a rapid growth with respect to population and advancement in technological facilities which in return have resulted to much impact on the present-day environment. This paper critically examines the impacts of sewage on the entire environment in which man and other living things inhabit. It is indubitable to say that the impacts of sewage on man and his environment are indispensable and quite dynamic in nature. The impacts may be negative or positive. Constructive or destructive depending on the knowledge of Sewage; its treatment and pollution control in the Environment. On the other hand, the Environment is very important to man, hence, the need to make it sanitary. This paper revealed the physical, chemical and the biological tests as parts of the parameters used for determining the organic matter in waste water (sewage) .The physical test includes: Temperature, Colour, Odour and turbidity parameters while the chemical test includes test for PH, Sulphides, Chlorides etc Principal Parameters such as: Dissolved oxygen (DO), Bio-chemical Oxygen demand (BOD) and Chemical Oxygen demand (COD) were also highlighted. This paper unfolds that sewage is indispensable and unavoidable in the environment as long as people demand and utilize water for various purposes: domestic, industrial, institutional etc. Keywords: Sewage, Environment, Sewage treatment plant etc.


The objective of this review was to draw attention to the possible role of grass pea(Lathyrus Sativus L.) in food and nutrition security. Grass pea is tolerant to adverse climatic variables and soil nutrient deficiency. This agrological characteristics of the plant are particularly important for the poor farmer living in arid and semi arid areas where the annual rainfall is very low. The plant is a good source of human food and forage for animal production. Despite the good nutritional profile, there are potential anti-nutritional and toxic substances such as phytates, tannins, and β-N-oxalyl-α,β-diaminopropionic acid (β-ODAP) contained in the plant. One of the major limitations of the plant is the irreversible damage of the nerve system (neurolathyrism) if consumed for a long period of time. Both scientific and traditional efforts have been made to avoid the effects of the anti-nutritional factors and toxic substances of the plant. Different food preparation methods like soaking, boiling, roasting, and sousing are being practiced to avoid the risk of neurolathyrism. Different breeding strategies to produce a low level of β-ODAP has been also conducted and grass pea varieties with a low level of β-ODAP are released. Therefore; if the effects of antinutritional factors and the neurotoxin are minimized, the plant can assure nutritional security by direct consumption and supporting animal production.

Impact of sports-themed video games playing on real-life sports involvement of undergraduates in Rajarata University of Sri Lanka []

With the growth of the field of video gaming is given the extreme popularity among the older teenagers and emerging grownups with providing crucial breaks to investigate positive outcomes of sport themed video game playing during this development period. As a quantitative study complemented by explanatory research design, this study intended to identify the impact of sport themed video game playing on real-life sports involvement by selecting 200 undergraduates from all the faculties in Rajarata University Sri Lanka by using stratified sampling techniques employing a self-designed questionnaire. As per findings, there is a significant impact sport themed video game playing on the real-life sports involvement and affective engagement, behavioral engagement and accessibility is significantly impacted on real-life sports involvement. Thus, it is recommended that sports-themed video game play may be an effective tool to promote real-life sports participation and physical activity among older adolescents and emerging adults. As well as the finding makes vital support to an emerging body of literature on the positive outcomes of video game playing.


With the current development in wireless communications in high-mobility systems such as high-speed train (HST), the HST scenario is recognised as one of the scenarios for the fifth generation (5G). Massive Multiple-Input-Multiple-Output (MIMO) systems, which are equipped with tens or hundreds of antennas has become an enhanced MIMO technique which can help in meeting the increasing demand of data for 5G wireless communication systems. In this study, the related 5G technologies and the corresponding channel modelling in HST scenarios and the challenges of deploying massive MIMO on HST was investigated The channel model was modelled using the WINNER II channel model. Based on the proposed non-stationary IMT-A massive MIMO channel models, the essential statistical properties such as the spatial cross-correlation function (CCF), local temporal autocorrelation function (ACF) of the massive MIMO channel model using different propagation scenarios such as open space, viaduct and cutting was analysed and investigated. The results from the simulations was compared with the analytical results in other to show that the statistical properties vary with time as a result of the non-stationarity of the proposed channel model. The agreement between the stationary interval of the non-stationary IMT-A channel model and the HST under different propagation scenarios shows the efficiency of the proposed channel model. Based on findings; the impact of the deployment of large antenna on the channel capacity should be thoroughly investigated under different HST propagation scenario. Also, more HST train propagation scenarios such as the tunnel, hilly terrain and the station should be considered in the non-stationary IMT-A massive MIMO channel models.


This work presents radiological baseline data on most commonly sold mineral water produced in Greater Accra Region of Ghana. A significant fragment of the population use mineral water as their source of daily water intake. It is known from the literature that some varieties of mineral waters contain natural radionuclides in higher concentration than the traditional municipal tap water. In this study, gross alpha and gross beta activity concentrations were determined in ten brands of mineral water produced in Greater Accra Region of Ghana. The measurement was performed using Imatic Gross Alpha /Beta Counter system in the Alpha Spectrometry Laboratory of the Ghana Atomic Energy Commission. The result revealed a recorded measured activity concentrations for gross alpha ranged from 1.32/±0.03 mBq/L to 5.62±0.04 mBq/L with an average activity concentration of 2.76±0.03 mBq/L. Gross beta activity concentration also ranged from 23.65±0.01 mBq/L to 45.96±0.03 mBq/L with average activity of 29.45±0.02 mBq/L.The activity concentrations of the radiologically important for gross alpha and gross beta in all the selected mineral water samples were found within the permissible limits of 0.5Bq/L and 1.0Bq/L, 0.1Bq/L and 1.0Bq/L, set by the Ghana Standard Authority and World Health Organization recommended guideline levels for drinking water respectively. In general, the carcinogenic risk due to natural radioactive doses for all mineral water samples was found below the acceptable limit.


The study adopted a systematic plan to observe and record the events of customer arrivals (C(t)), interarrival times (It) and service times (St). The observations were recorded hourly at different periods (morning, afternoon and evening) daily in a week at Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) Mega Station Port Harcourt Enugu Express, Emene, Enugu. Stationary periods were identified by considering two adjacent time intervals (0, t1) and (t1, t2), the invariance of It and St were checked for the different periods. Test of stationarity and invariance were tested with non parametric tests of Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon, and Friedman Two-way ANOVA respectively, which found stable for all periods. The It and St fitted exponential distribution in all the periods through the Anderson Dalling test of goodness of fit. At the stationary periods, the most suitable fitted exponential distribution for It and St were selected respectively for the distribution of the queue elements.