Volume 7, Issue 12, December 2019 Edition - GSJ Journal Publication
   
Effects of Artemia metanauplii substitution by micro-pellet diet on the larval rearing of meagre, Argyrosomus regius [PDF]
Said SEDKI, Hassan NHHALA, Jawad KASSILA, Kamal CHEBBAKI, Houda AKHARBACH, Azeddine ABREHOUCH, Mohamed IDHALLA, Hassan ER-RAIOUIThe meagre is a species of marine fish that has the most potential for Moroccan and Mediterranean finfish culture production. However, several constraints still limit its production (cannibalism, larval survival low rate and size heterogeneity of hatchery produced juveniles).
This study is an attempt to produce meagre fry without recourse to meta-nauplii of Artemia sp, in order to further simplify the protocol for larval rearing of this species. In this study, Artemia was substituted by micro-diets in larval feeding. We used two feeding treatments in this study, treatment T1 and treatment T2, were we are comparing their effects on survival and growth of meagre larvae. In the treatment T1 we are using rotifers, Artemia, and micro-diets in larval feeding protocol while in treatment T2, Artemia was substituted by micro-diets. The results demonstrated that the larval growth in both treatments did not varied significantly from 1st until 12th day post hatching (dph), and thereafter larval growth increased significantly in T1 (P < 0.007). Significant difference in survival rates were found at 20 dph between both treatments (P < 0,009), with 23% and 15% in T1 and T2 respectively.
the results obtained during this study have shown the technical feasibility of producing meagre fry without using the Artemia metanauplii. However, further research is still needed to improve and optimize the results obtained in this study compared to the common larval rearing protocol.
VEHICLE CRASHES CAUSING ACCIDENTS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES USING EXAMPLE OF PAKISTAN DUE TO OVER SPEEDING, ISSUES, CHALLENGES AND STEPS TAKEN TO REDUCE ACCIDENTS ON ROADS. [PDF]
Muhammad WaqasSpeed is one of the major factors in contributing the vehicle crashes and major factor contributing to geometric design of highway which causes accidents leading to fatalities and injuries. This study covers the speed of vehicle as a major cause in vehicle crashes in Pakistan in kpk Peshawar. It observes the effectiveness of various speed control measures based on reports made by police of vehicles crashes in Pakistan and the work done in both in industrialized and developed countries. Pedastrians are the main victims of these accidents. The dominants causes of these vehicle crashes are the loss of control of vehicle from driver side and excessive vehicle speed. The speed factor is the main cause of these crashes and contributes to about 50 percent to accidents due to excessive speeding specially in case of young drivers. In developing countries by posting speed limits on road by traffic police department, it was not proved to be effective that much, speed humps, Rumble strips and increasing the Fine fee on highway and motorways due to over speeding above speed limits proved to be effective in decreasing over speeding. Also discouraging the cars schemes by different commercial banks and increasing import duty on cars, by introducing by an effective Transit Mass system in the form of bus or rail which discourage the private vehicle that causes congestion which ultimately leads to accidents and use of new technology should bring into account that separate high and low traffic on main roads and also there should be a public awareness seminars to be arranged by governing bodies on over speeding results.
SLOPE DYNAMIC RESPONSE TO THE GROWTH OF SPONTANEOUS SETTLEMENTS ON THE BAMENDA ESCARPMENT ZONE,NORTH WEST REGION OF CAMEROON [PDF]
EDWIN MUA KANG1, CORDELIA GIVENCHEH KOMETA2, EUGENE NDZIFION ATEH3Topographic units ranging from escarpments to steep slopes have not been centres of attraction to settlement construction. While these slopes have witnessed progressive settlement growth, the sprawling of settlements revealed a spontaneous pattern on the different slopes with little or no planning mechanism put in place. It is against this background that this paper seeks to investigate the slope dynamic response to the spontaneous settlement growth within the Bamenda volcanic escarpment. The study employed both primary and secondary sources of data collection techniques. Field observations, interviews and questionnaires were used to gather information. Sisia, Down Town, Ntaghan and Abangoh quarters of the escarpment face were visited. A total of 125 questionnaires were used to collect data from four quarters within the Bamenda escarpment slope using simple random sampling technique. Data on urbanization trend vis-à vis urban planning and development were gotten from MINDUH while data on landslide events and trend were obtained from the Bamenda City Council and published documents. Landsat maps as of 1984 and 2018 were used to establish the trend and pattern of settlement growth within the Bamenda escarpment face. The Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient was used to test the relationship between housing construction density on steep slopes and slope dynamics. The reliability of the Correlation coefficient was determined using the Cronbach's Alpha. The findings revealed that the spontaneous settlement construction within the steep slopes is mostly driven by the problem of land scarcity and administrative bottleneck by policy makers. This unplanned construction of settlements on the fragile escarpment face of Bamenda provokes slope undercutting, loss in highland vegetation, accelerated erosion, landslides and rock fall. The slope dynamic responses are directly related to the intensity of settlement construction. This indicates a high susceptibility of escarpment slopes to landslides and rock fall within the de-vegetated and undercut slope surfaces. The study recommends an effective slope stabilization measures, the maintenance of the escarpment green space and the prevention of further settlement sprawl on the already fragile escarpment face. Above all, urban planning, implementation and evaluation should be carried out to salvage the problem of haphazard colonization of fragile zones within the urbanizing Bamenda escarpment zone.
KEY WORDS: Slope Dynamics, Response, Spontaneous Settlement, Growth Bamenda Escarpment, Cameroon
Synthesis, Characterization and Agricultural Application of Chitosan Obtained From Grasshopper from Damaturu Local Government, Yobe State-Nigeria. [PDF]
*1Sharif N. Usman and 2H. Y. Umar, 3Aishatu A. Puma, 4E. T. Musa, *1,3,4Department of Chemical Sciences, Federal University Kashere, P.M.B. 0182, Gombe State-Nigeria. 2Chemistry Department, School of Sciences, Federal College of Education (Technical),Chitosan was extracted from grasshopper. The contents of this exoskeletons organism were extracted and analyzed to obtain chitosan and chitin. Chitosan extraction consists of four common steps such as demineralization, deproteinization, decolorization and N-deacetylation. Deacetylation of the different chitin produced was conducted by the conventional thermal method. From the analysis, the solubility shows insolubility in all different solvent used, the pH shows neutral at 7.28 for the chitin and the chitosan at 7.08. The ash content was obtained to be 20%, moisture content 19% and FTIR-Spectroscopy revealed 64% conversion which no effects against nematodes.
Keyword: chitosan, chitosan grasshopper, deacylation, FTIR.
Why Morality, Virtue and Religion underplayed in Modern Time by Political Theoriests? [PDF]
Tadie Degie YigzawThe idea of power politics is the most interesting issues in the political systems of the world. The politics of the world is, mainly, regulated by the notion of power politics and the survival of state. The philosophy of power politics and reason of state is associated with the work of Niccolo Machiavelli in the early 16th century. Machiavelli, in his distinguish books The Prince and the Discourses on Livy, discussed about power politics and reason of state. For him, power is equal with politics and through this radical way of thinking he creates a new moral paradigm or continent in the sphere of world politics by breaking the medieval and classical tradition of morality. Therefore, for Machiavelli, everything including morality, religion and virtue are judged as per their values and roles of State power.
THE IMPACT OF SOCIAL MEDIA APPLICATIONS ON STUDENTS PERFORMANCE IN PRIVATE UNIVERSITIES IN MALAYSIA: IUKL CASE STUDY [PDF]
RAMI AHMED ELHASHMI IDRIS, DR. FARIS ANWAR SALEM HASANAbstract: Online social networking sites have changed the way people interact and communicate. Most students who are members of these online networking sites spend numerous hours on these sites at the expense of study time. This research paper looked at the impact of online social networking sites on academic performance among the students of (IUKL) University and try to investigate what impact by using certain models and different factors to get effective results.
Keywords: Effects, Online Social Networks (OSN), Academic Performance, Students, Private Universities
Effects of Procurement Processes on the Performance of Internationally Financed Projects in Akure Metropolis, Ondo State, Nigeria [PDF]
H. I. Babalola and O. T. ItodoThe study examined the effects of procurement processes on the performance of internationally financed projects in Akure metropolis, Ondo State, Nigeria. Selected internationally financed projects such as Youth Employment and Social Support Operation (YESSO) as well as Community and Social Development Project (CSDP) was used in this study. Forty-five (45) copies of a closed ended questionnaire were distributed and all retrieved. Both descriptive (frequency, table, mean, standard deviation, percentage) and inferential (Pearson correlation) statistics were used to analyse the data collected. The findings revealed that need assessment, specification development, procurement plan, bidding process, bid evaluation, request for proposal, evaluation of request for proposal, contract award as well as consultancy services were procurement processes utilised by internationally financed projects in the study area. The hypothesis was tested using Pearson Product Moment Correlation at 0.01 level of significance. The result showed that r = 0.125, p = 0.414 > 0.01. Based on this, the null hypothesis was accepted while the alternate hypothesis was rejected. The findings revealed that there is a positive linear correlation between procurement processes and performance of internationally financed projects but there is no significant relationship between the effect of procurement processes and the performance of internationally financed projects in the study area. Based on the findings, recommendation were made that methods of reducing lengthy process of procurement should be devised.
Using Discrete Event Simulation to Improve the Patient Flow of a Healthcare System. [PDF]
Mahathir Mohammad Bappy, Imtiajur Rahman.Long waiting time in any process is a challenge for any healthcare system. As healthcare institutions are complex and busy system and various department interacts with each other any existing bottleneck can drive the whole system into failure in providing in time services. And that arises the need of use simulation to detect and eliminate the bottleneck faced in any process. In this paper, a model based on simulation aiming at patient flow optimization in a health care system been proposed. To achieve the goal, first, modeling of patients' workflow was created by using discrete-event simulation using Rockwell Arena Software. Afterward, alternative scenarios were analysis in the process analyze to identify the best scenarios. Among defined scenarios Analytical Hierarchy Process method (AHP) scores the highest value to the most suitable one. The results of the simulation indicate that performing this scenario can decrease non served patient number almost zero by adding some resources while elimination few others. To get the maximum utilization form the resources at the end resource scheduling is presented.
HEAT WAVE RELATED KNOWLEDGE,
ATTITUDE AND PRACTICES AMONG
Irum JalalTiredness due to severe heat that can cause dizziness, headache and fainting. It can usually be
treated with rest, a cool environment and hydrate the person. Heat stoke is a most serious form of
heat injury. It requires medical attention. It is caused by dry skin, a body temperature above 103
to 104 degrees Fahrenheit, sometime person may present unconsciousness. The two ways we
deal with heat are by perspiring and breathing. The humidity is a big reason. If you have
extremely high temperatures and high humidity, a person will be sweating but the sweat wont be
drying on the skin. That’s why its not just heat but the combination of heat and humidity that
matters. both temperature and humidity above which we see an increase in death. Heat stoke is
described by high temperature E.g: 40C (104F) and neurological dysfunction (seizure and
impairment of consciousness. Atmospheric heat waves over land are changing under global
warming, increasing the risk of severe, and in some cases irreversible impacts on natural and
socio-economic system. Similarly, extreme events in the ocean, especially those associated with
warming will change under global warming, and they will effect on organisms who lived in
ocean. Recently observed marine heat waves (MHWs) demonstrated the high vulnerability of
marine organisms and ecosystems services to such extreme climate events. (Frölicher &
IMPACTS OF TRAFFIC INTERVENTIONS ON ROAD SAFETY: AN APPLICATION OF CAUSAL MODELS. [PDF]
Touseef Ahmad, Fazal Haq.This Paper is concerned with the causal relationship between traffic interventions and road safety. It focuses on two issues that have been overlooked in the existing empirical literature: the establishment of a causal link between traffic interventions and road traffic accidents, and the application and development of formal causal
approaches, which have not yet been applied in the field of road safety.
In the past decades substantial studies have been conducted to investigate the risk factors contributing to road accidents. It has been shown that the frequency and severity of road accidents are associated with various factors, including traffic characteristics, road environment and demographic characteristics. However, the existence of a causal link between traffic interventions and road accidents remains unclear due to the complex character of traffic interventions. Meanwhile, the lack of formal causal models makes it difficult fully to address issues such as confounding effects and regression to the mean bias.
This Paper begins by reviewing and discussing different types of traffic interventions in order to demonstrate the chains through which traffic interventions are related to road safety. To address the shortcomings in empirical literature, three models for causal inferences are discussed: the difference-in-difference method, the propensity
score matching method and Bayesian methods.
DETERMINATION OF HEAVY METALS (Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb) IN NON-LEAFY VEGETABLES SOLD IN MAJOR MARKETS IN AKURE NIGERIA [PDF]
Esho, Idowu Johnson; and Ibitoye, Damilola Kingsley.ABSTRACT
The present study was carried out to assess the concentration levels of seven heavy metals (Cu, Pb, Zn, Cd) in eight different non-leafy vegetables namely; Cyanne pepper (Capsicum frutescens), Bell pepper (Capsicum annum), Habanero pepper (Capsicum annum), Okro (Abelmuscusesculentum), Carrot (Daucuscarota), Cucumber (Cucumissativus), Garden-egg (Solanummelongena) and Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) collected from four different markets (Oja-oba, Shasha, Isikan and Odopetu) in Akure, Ondo State. Heavy metal concentration was determined using Atomic Absorption Spectrometer (AAS, VGP210). The results showed that in all the samples, the highest concentrations were observed for Cu (3.02 mg/100g) in Cyanne pepper at Oja-oba market, Pb (0.80 mg/100g) in Habanero pepper at Isikan market, Zn (7.53 mg/100g) in Okro at Oja-oba market, Cd (0.30 mg/100g) in Cyanne pepper and Bell pepper at Odopetu market, respectively. Also, the results showed that the mean concentrations of all the metals analyzed in the non-leafy vegetables were in the following order; Zn>Cu>Pb>Cd. It was observed that Pb and Cd levels exceeded the maximum permissible limits set by FAO/WHO, but the levels of Cu and Zn were within the limits. However, proper monitoring plan is necessary to evaluate the levels of metal concentration in vegetables in order to develop the proper measures for reducing excessive build-up of these metals in the food chain.
Keywords: AAS, Heavy metals, Non-leafy Vegetables.
SUSTAINABILITY IN THE USE OF TIMBER FOR BUILDING CONSTRUCTION IN ILE-OLUJI, A SELECTED TOWN IN SOUTHWEST NIGERIA. [PDF]
Despite the prominence of timber as construction materials, one of the greatest challenges facing it is environmental sustainability. The rediscovery of wood as a building material has placed an intense increase in the demand of wood on the world forest reserve even though it is naturally replenished; the rate of depletion has evoked a quest for an efficient, innovative and sustainable practice in the use of the material. Nigeria, like many countries of the world needs to keep up with the technological changes, especially in a world that has become a global village where distances between countries is shrinking at an exponential rate facilitating a relatively easy transportation of man and materials. In the present time professionals in the building industry are called upon to consider the ecological consequences of their actions. In the world of Architecture, this translates s to the efficient use of raw materials in the building industry at our disposal with care and economy. The research assessed sustainability in the use of timber for building construction in Ile-oluji. The research design was descriptive in which questionnaires was administered to the population of study comprises of (80) eighty member of staff a chosen sawmill in Ile-Oluji.. Data obtained were analysed and presented with percentage frequency table. This research sought to know if the practice is sustainable. The research submits that enlightens in the current practice regarding the use of timber in the building industry would be beneficial to the state and country both economically and ecologically.
KEYWORDS: Sustainability, Use, Timber, Building Construction
Intellectual Stimulation and Organizational Performance of 4- Star 4- star hotels in Port Harcourt, Nigeria [PDF]
1Tombari, Judith Adiukwu, 2Dr. Oparanma, A.O. & 2Dr. M. D. TamunomiebiThis study examined the relationship between intellectual stimulation and organizational performance of 4- star 4- star hotels in Port Harcourt. The design of the study was cross-sectional survey. Structured questionnaire was the major instrument for data collection. The population was one thousand and eighty-five (1085) staff of 4-star 4- star hotels in Port Harcourt. The sample size was two hundred and ninety-three (293) determined using the Taro Yamane’s formula. Cronbach Alpha coefficient test was used to measure the reliability of the questionnaire research instrument. The hypotheses were tested using the Pearson Product Moment Correlation with the aid of Statistical Package for Social Science. The study findings revealed that there is a significant relationship between intellectual stimulation and organizational performance of 4- star hotels in Port Harcourt. The study recommends that managers of hotels should prioritize intellectual stimulation of transformational leadership style by encouraging creativity and innovation in solving work related problems; stimulating critical thinking to issues before making decisions and supporting innovation through new ways of solving.
Accommodation Strategy and Employee Resilience of Oil and Gas Servicing Companies in Port Harcourt, Nigeria [PDF]
Dr. M.D. Tamunomiebi and Azuka Ikechi HenryThis study examined the relationship between accommodation strategy and employee resilience of oil and gas servicing companies in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. The study adopted a cross-sectional survey in its investigation of the variables. Primary data was generated through structured questionnaire. The population of the study was 250 employees of seven (7) selected oil and gas servicing companies in Port Harcourt. The sample size of 154 was determined using the Taro Yamane’s formula for sample size determination. The reliability of the instrument was achieved by the use of the Crombach Alpha coefficient with all the items scoring above 0.70. The hypotheses were tested using the Spearman Rank Order Correlation Coefficient with the aid of Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 23.0. The tests were carried out at a 95% confidence interval and at a 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed that there is a significant relationship between accommodation strategy and employee resilience of oil and gas servicing companies in Port Harcourt. The study recommends that management and employees of oil and gas servicing companies should try as much as possible to exhibit accommodation in conflict situations in order to achieve harmony at work place, since it has been revealed that accommodation have a positive influence on employee adaptability and proactiveness.
IMPACT OF CAREER GUIDANCE IN LEARNING IN RWANDAN TVET SCHOOLS USING DATA MINING TECHNIQUES [PDF]
MAHEREZO Joseph, Dr. NIYIGENA PapiasABSTRACT
Data mining often helps to mine the original and the valued data from the huge amount of dataset. In Rwandan TVET
(Technical and Vocational Education and Training) schools, trainees choose the career in the way they want without being guided on how to choose a relevant career. This leads some trainees to poor learning performance. This study assesses the impact of practicing career guidance by comparing trainees with career guidance and trainees without career guidance in TVET schools in Rwanda. In this condition, the classification method of data mining techniques was useful in this research in decision making. This research analyzed data by using a decision tree algorithm called Iterative Dichotomiser3 (ID3). The result from the research shows that trainees with career guidance perform better than trainees without career guidance.
Keywords: career guidance, Impact, learning
Hazard Analysis And Critical Control Point
Repackaging On Frozen Shortfin Scad Products
Satya Trinadi Komira Perkasa Jakarta Ltd. [PDF]
Haifa Chairunnisa, Eddy Afrianto, Rostika Rita, Evi LiviawatyThe study began from August to September 2019 at Muara Baru, North Jakarta. Hazard analysis and critical control points were carried out on frozen shortfin scad products at Satya Trinadi Komira Perkasa Jakarta Ltd.. The purpose of this study is to improve food safety through the analysis of the application of the HACCP system in the repackaging process of frozen shortfin scad fish products at PT. Satya Trinadi Komira Perkasa to maintain the quality of fish in accordance with export standards desired by the buyer. This research uses survey methods and focuses on data comparison held by PT. Satya Trinadi Komira Perkasa with SNI No 01-4110.1,2,3-2014 concerning frozen fish. The research procedures were observation of the flow process of repackaging frozen shortfin scad fish, analyzing potential hazards, identification of critical control points and microbiological, chemical, and physical analysis. Comparative data owned by PT. Satya Trinadi Komira Perkasa compared to frozen fish SNI assisted by GMP (Good Manufacturing Practices) and SSOP (Sanitation Standard Operating Procedure) data owned by PT. Satya Trinadi Komira Perkasa. The results showed that the repackaging process of frozen kite products at PT. Satya Trinadi Komira Perkasa is in accordance with SNI and the standards set by the company and PT. Satya Trinadi Komira Perkasa is safe for consumption. PT. Satya Trinadi Komira Perkasa has implemented the HACCP system properly and correctly, this is due to the suitability of the repackaging process of frozen shortfin scad products with GMP and SSOP set by PT. Satya Trinadi Komira Perkasa.
ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY COMPLIANCE OF SAWMILLING INDUSTRIES IN OSOGBO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA IN OSUN STATE, NIGERIA [PDF]
Ojokunle Adebusola M., Ogunsanmi, Olawale A., Akomolede Lucas A.Environmental policy is a course of action deliberately taken to manage human activities with a view to mitigate harmful occurrences. This study determine the demographic variables of sawmillers located in Osogbo Local Government Area of Osun State, as well as identified the various facilities such as fire extinguisher, incinerator, silencer and environmental impact assessment report (EIA) to measure the level of compliance of practitioners to policy statement. It also determined the significant effect of variables such as finance, managerial training, partnership with others, accommodation and vehicles on the policy compliance of practitioners in the location. A survey research design was used with thirty (30) respondents as sample. The results showed that 73% of the respondents were male while 27% were female, age ≤ 30 (13.3%), 31- 40 (30%), 41- 50 (23.4%) 51- 60 (33.3%) while 27% had primary level education, 53% had secondary level and 20% had tertiary level. The results on compliance level based on facility assessment were: extinguisher, (40%); incinerator, (36.7%); silencer, (56.7%); EIA, (96.7%). Finance (0.00) and managerial training (0.01) at p<0.05 had significant effect on the policy compliance of practitioners while the presence or absence of other variables such as partnership with others, accommodation and vehicles does not determine compliance to environmental policy in the sawmill location.
Keywords: Environment, Environmental policy, Compliance, Sawmill Industry, Waste Management
Avoidance Conflict Management Strategy and Academic Staff Commitment in Government Owned Universities in South-South, Nigeria [PDF]
1Johnson, Tekena Ibitein and 2Prof. Isaac Zeb-ObipiThis study examined the relationship between avoidance conflict management strategy and academic staff commitment in Government Owned Universities in South-South, Nigeria. The study adopted a cross sectional survey research design. The population of the study was two thousand, eight hundred and ninety-four (2,894) academic staff of the three universities in this region. A sample of size of 353 academic staff was determined using the Taro Yamane sample size formula. The reliability of the survey instrument was ascertained using Cronbach Alpha Coefficient with all the items having values above 0.7. The hypotheses were tested using the Pearson Moment Correlation with the aid of Statistical Package for Social Sciences. The study findings revealed that there is a weak and insignificant relationship between avoidance and affective commitment; a very weak and insignificant relationship between avoidance and continuance commitment; and a very weak and insignificant relationship between avoidance and normative commitment. Recommendations were made to government for avoidance strategy to be dropped, and a more effective strategy adopted in the university system.
Ingestion of coins in children in pediatric intensive care unit: Our experience in emergency care at EHU Oran [PDF]
BAKRI Sid Ahmed , dr SADDOK Houcine , BOUMENDIL Dalila, BATOUCHE Djilali , BATOUCHE Djamila-DjahidaThe ingestion of coins is an accident frequently encountered in children. In most cases, the ingestion is asymptomatic but requires instrumental explorationAim: is to report the experience of the pediatric resuscitation service in the management of these coins ingested at the EHU OranMaterial-methods: A prospective study from 01/01/2018 to 10/12/2019 was performed in the pediatric resuscitation department. Any child who has ingested a coin is referred to the 0RL department for an endoscopic exploration.A front and side cervical x-ray is taken to visualize the EC. The children were explored by a rigid endoscope under halogenated anesthesia and sedation by propofol in spontaneous ventilation and without trachéal intubationResults: 35 foreign bodies (coins) ingested by the children were taken care of. Our children are divided into 19 boys (54,28%) and 16 girls (45,7%) with an average age of 25 months ± (extreme 7 months-120 months ) .85,7% of children were asymptomatic and 100% of children were explored; coin extraction was possible in 98.16% of the cases, without any complicationsConclusion: The endoscopic extraction of the coin from the upper digestive tract is harmless and effectiveKeywords: coin, child, digestive endoscopy
Effectiveness of health education on knowledge and practices among mothers regarding prevention and management of diarrhea in under-five year age group children in rural community [PDF]
Ansa Mumtaz Qureshi , Muhammmad Hussain , Iram Majeed , Muhmmad AfzalIntroduction: In acute diarrhea the bowel episodes increase and normally remained < 14 days. In other explanations, diarrhea sudden attack with the 3 or more runny or liquid episodes of stools in one day. Diarrhea is the main reason of death in children under the 5 years of age in whole world after the pneumonia.
Objective: To determine the effectiveness of health education on knowledge and practices among mothers regarding prevention and management of diarrhea in under-five year age group children in rural community.
Methodology: Quasi experimental study was used. The sample size in the study was 70 mothers. Convenient sampling technique was used in this research study. The site of this study at Ali Raza Abad community. The setting for this research was the house that have the mothers of child less than 5 years of community of Ali Raza Abad. The study population for this research was mothers of under five year children in Ali Raza Abad community. Research was conducted in 4 month period (September 2018 to December 2018).
Results: After the four weeks intervention knowledge of mothers were improved. The mean difference of the pre intervention result is 29.61 and 18.10 and post intervention results is 42.27 and 24.74,while the post intervention results mean is .509 and .374, while the std. deviation of pre intervention result is 4.263 and std. deviation of post intervention result is 2.899.
Conclusion: In the current study it is concluded that knowledge was improved in mothers regarding prevention and management of diarrhea in under five year children by educational session.
Key words: Knowledge, Practice, Mothers of under-five, Health education.
Comparison of Season Index Method and Fuzzy Time Series to Predict Inflation in Indonesia [PDF]
Alfa Kenedi Mainassy, Lulu MunggaranInflation is a rising trend in general price levels and occurs continuously. The purpose of this research is to predict the rise or fall of inflation by using the season index forecasting method and fuzzy time series and to find out which method is accurate with the Mean Absolute Percentage Error as a benchmark, so that it can be used by economy actors in the future. The data used in this research is secondary data obtained from the Central Bureau of statistics, data namely monthly inflation in 2013 to 2017. The results of research with the season index method produces MAPE of 1.51, and for the fuzzy time series methods produce MAPE of 0,33. Of research results, the use of the method of fuzzy time series more suitable to use in predicting inflation in Indonesia because the value of smaller MAPE i.e. 0,33.
Energy utilization and realization of Sustainable Development Goals nexus among rural households in Imo State, Nigeria [PDF]
Izuogu C.U, Njoku L.C, Ekumankama O.O., Atasie C.MThis study analyzed rural household’s access and utilization of domest ic energy as it affects the realization of Sustainable Development Goals (SGDs) in Imo State. Multi-stage random sampling technique was used in selecting 120 respondents for the study. The study described the socio-economic characteristics of the respondents, described their household energy types, determined respondents’ knowledge of the SDGs and ascertained the extent of respondents’ awareness of the effects of their energy use on the realization Sustainable Development Goals. Results show that 53.33% of the respondents were male, 67.50% had formal education while their mean monthly income was N22, 500. The major type of household energy among respondents was fuelwood (87.5%). Majority (75.83%) of the respondents did not know about the SDGs. On a five-point Likert scale, a mean score of (x̅= 2.50) shows that respondents were not aware of the effects of their energy sources on the realization of the SGDs. Socio-economic factors that positively influenced the respondents’ knowledge of SDGs were educational status, income and access to agricultural extension officer while age had a negative influence on their knowledge of SDGs (at p<0.05). The study concludes that the relationship between energy use and attainment of SDGs has not been adequately communicated to the respondents and recommends that more awareness campaign on the SDGs be carried out in the rural communities.
Hypertension of the child in the posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome in Algerian child [PDF]
SADDOK Houcine, BAKRI Sid Ahmed, BOUMENDIL Dalila, BATOUCHE Djilali, BATOUCHE Djamila-DjahidaThe hypertension of PRES in pediatric intensive care unit is not frequently encountered. It may be secondary to acute or chronic renal iinjury , PRES can also be seen following an immunosuppressive treatment for one or following tumor lysis syndrome after chemotherapy. Material-methods: retrospective study of 05 files of children admitted between May 2017- october 2019
Aim: clinical, etiological, radiological characteristics of this HE, as well as the therapeutic modalities.
Parameters studied: clinical signs on admission, stages of hypertension, renal function, hydroelectrolytic assessment during the first 24 hours, as well as brain imaging (CT and MRI)
Results: 06 children with an average age of 10.78 ± 3.76 years old , ( 13 month s- 12 years old) presented a clinical and radiological picture of PRES: 03 children following chronic renal failure, 1 after taking ciclosporin for syndrome nephrotic, 02 children of the oncohematological entity presented clinical forms of convulsive hypertensive crises: following a tumor lysis syndrome after chemotherapy for burkitt tumor and following the antimitotic treatment methotrexate in intrathecal in 01 patients and IV cyclophophamide in another patient
All these patients were admitted for altered state of consciousness with hypertension, convulsions with oligoanuric renal failure.Cerebral CT objectified a cerebral edema with zone hypodenses without effect of mass and the cerebral MRI within 48 hours in the patients showed Zones of hypersignal in T2 and FLAIR at the level of the white substance.
Conclusion: the clinical entity of hypertensive encephalopathy of PRES is a neuroradiological entity that should be known, because it is easily resolved under treatment.
Key words: children, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, neurological symptoms, renal failure , Toxicity chemotherapy.
CASE ON BRAZILIAN HEALTH CARE UNIT ON PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS [PDF]
MURILLO DE OLIVEIRA DIAS; MARIANA FREIRE CRAVEIROThis case aimed to describe the trajectory of Pulmonary Tuberculosis (PT)-intensive users to be inserted into the Brazilian Health Program of a Basic Health Unit, through Merleau-Ponty’s framework applied to N= 11 patients. The analysis was distributed in: description of the information; systematic reflection, and interpretation. The reception for the user proved to be attention and affection, Guidance and communication about the disease, problem-solving of the case and free access to the drug. The trajectory of the user begins the moment he feels sick. Although coughs one of the characteristic signs of PT, only its presence is not enough to go to the search for a health service. The search for care only occurs when it is associated with other symptoms such as fever, back pain, tiredness, among others. The search for the unit does not always guarantee the user the service and the resolution of their problem. We found that interaction involving attention, affection, guidance, and communication between professionals and users is fundamental for the recognition of the identity of these users. We envision the need for changes in care for these people.
THE EFFECT OF ADDITIONS
KAPPAPHYCUS ALVAREZII FLOUR TO INCREASE FIBER CONTENT OF SHRIMP NUGGET ON PREFERENCE LEVEL [PDF]
Nadya Putri UtamiThe purpose of this research is to utilize K. alvarezii flour in the producing shrimp nuggets and studying the effect of K. alvarezii flour addition on panelist preference level of shrimp nugget products. This research was conducted at the Fisheries Technology Laboratory of the Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences and the Ruminant Animal Nutrition Laboratory and Livestock Food Chemistry at the Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Padjadjaran University in November 2018. The research method used was experimental method, with 20 semi-trained panelists and five treatments which consist of K. alvarezii flour addition at 0%, 0.15%, 0.20%, 0.25%, and 30% based on the weight of shrimp meat. The parameters observed in the research were hedonic tests with organoleptic characteristics parameters including appearance, aroma, texture, and taste of shrimp nuggets, and folding test. In addition to that, fiber content and moisture content analysis were also carried out on the addition of K. alvarezii flour by 0% and 20% samples. The results showed that all treatments of the addition of K. alvarezii flour were still prefered by the panelists, however, the 20% addition of K. alvarezii flour produced shrimp nuggets with better preference level compared to other treatments, as evidenced by the average value of appearance characteristics 7.67 ; aroma of 7.27; texture 7.40 and taste 8.07 average elasticity of 5 (very elastic). The fiber content produced was 0.26 in the treatment of 0% and 1.20 in the treatment of 20%. and water content of 35.50% in the treatment of 0% and 34.90% in the treatment of 20%.
Keywords: Shrimp nuggets, flour K. alvarezi, Hedonic test, preference level. fiber content
METHODOLOGY TO IMPROVE THE CONFIDENTIALITY AND INTEGRITY OF CLOUD STORAGE [PDF]
ABDUL REHMAN , DR AMJAD FAROOQCloud computing is a new computing method, which is widely emerging technology in the recent years is used by many of the IT companies and other organizations. Cloud computing allows individuals and companies to gain access to vast computing assets without capital investment. It actually means that users can use computing assets in pay per use manner. The cost of storing huge amount of data in the local storage is burdensome than cloud storage. However, the cloud atmosphere is untrusted as it is accessed by Internet. That’s why, people have security concerns on data stored in cloud environment. We intend to propose a new method for securely storing data in cloud and an integrity checking method to verify data integrity and confidentiality at the time of information retrieval.
A REVIEW OF FLIPPED CLASSROOM MODEL [PDF]
URANUS YOUSUFIAs it is a literature review, it does not include any abstract.
MONETARY POLICY AND ITS EFFECTIVENESS ON ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NIGERIA [PDF]
Elegbede, A.M., Saheed, G.A., Babalola, B.S.Monetary policy play special roles in any developing country and one of special roles is to control the supply of money with the purpose of promoting economic growth and price stability. This study empirically reassessed the effectiveness of monetary policy on economic growth of Nigeria adopting the error correlation model approach. It utilized time series secondary data spanning between 1982 and 2013. The result showed that a unit increase in Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) led to approximately seven units increase in economic growth in Nigeria. The result was in consonance with economic literature as monetary policy among other objectives is geared towards achieving the macroeconomic objectives of sustained economic growth and price stability. Therefore, the study recommends that monetary authorities should give priority attention to CRR monetary policy tool as it will produce a more desired result in terms of economic stabilization. And also some combination of fiscal policy measures are needed to attain the complementary balance required driving an economy towards to desired goals.
PHYSICOCHEMICAL, PASTING AND SENSORY PROPERTIES OF YAM/PLANTAIN FLOUR ENRICHED WITH SOYBEAN FLOUR [PDF]
Oloye, D.A., Udeh Charles, Olawale-Olakunle, O. E., Orungbemi, O.OThis study was aimed at producing a high nutritious food that will meet nutritional requirements of consumers. The blend of yam, Plantain, Soybean Flour were processed and the resulting flour were formulated at ratio 100:00, 95:5, 80:10:10 and 60:25:15 (Yam, Plantain and Soybean flour). The resulting products were subjected to proximate composition, physicochemical, pasting and sensory evaluation. The result show that addition of soybean and plantain increased the moisture, fibre, fat and protein contents of the blend by about 6.12%, 6.47%, 9.8%, and 10.15%, the bulk density of the blends range from 0.83 (100% yam flour) to 1.56g/m (60% of yam, 25% of plantain and 5% of soybean flour). The least gelation of the diet range from 1.00% to 8.00%. The study also show the pasting properties of the diet. The organoleptic evaluation shows that there was a significant difference among the blend. The addition of soybean flour to yam and plantain flour to form blends successfully produce a high protein energy food.