Volume 9, Issue 3, March 2021 Edition - GSJ Journal Publication

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Evaluation of Business Activities and Business Feasibility Policulture Fish Cultivation in Cirata Reservoir, West Java []

This study aims to analyze the business feasibility of polyculture fish farming business activities in the Cirata Reservoir. This research was conducted in August 2018 until July 2019. The method used in this research is purposive sampling method. The parameters used in this study are business profit, Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR), Break Even Point (BEP) per kg and price, Payback Period (PP) and cost of goods sold (COGS). Based on the results of the study showed that polyculture fish farming business activities benefit and can be said to be feasible to run because it meets the standard criteria with an average value of business profits obtained in these aquaculture business activities of Rp 37,463,888.89, BCR average obtained at 1.54, the BEP per kg obtained for carp is 840 kg at a price of Rp 23,333.33; tilapia fish at 700 kg at a price of Rp 23,333.33 and nilem fish at 954.54 kg at a price of Rp 52,500, the average PP obtained was 1.85 and the average HPP for production / kg was at Rp 8,488.3 whereas, the average HPP for production / pcs is Rp 2,122.07.


Humanitarian action is an enterprise involving multiple sectors, disciplines, functions, jurisdictions and a complex interplay of a web of relationships. These relationships must necessarily be nurtured and constantly oiled for a seamless flow of activities which are undertaken. These activities are undertaken by different individuals and organizations and for this to succeed, this tripod of cooperation, communication and coordination must be effectively in place. This paper therefore, reviews the roles and challenges of these variables, and their intricate task of wielding the emergency management and humanitarian assistance métier. It also evaluated the structure of the sector in Nigeria by asking laudable questions which answers may chart a new path for the sector in the country. The paper concluded by advocating for increased legislation, adherence to existing structures and systems, or development of new ones. Finally, it envisages streamlining of the structure to reduce duplication of functions and the eventual waste that results therefrom.


The motive of this research was to use the Problem-solving Approach as an instructional strategy with constructivist notion to create a link between classroom mathematics and real life in order to make sense of the world through mathematical perspective. A purposive sample of 20 teachers were used for the study. The out SPSS output of the analysis of the Questionnaires revealed that most teachers shun the problem-solving approach due to its associate difficulties like; large class size, the pressure to complete syllabus, difficulty in getting real-life examples among others. The researcher recommends that; teachers should endeavor to read around each topic to get enough practical examples for every topic before they teach, teachers must ensure that their lessons are linked to real-life activities, teachers must provide the opportunity for all learners to learn, and the Head of Department should ensure that teachers have access to resources and materials for smooth lesson delivery.

Review of the Applications and Properties of Bamboo Fiber Reinforced Composite Materials []

Bamboo fibres have excellent mechanical properties rather than other natural fibres. Because of its outstanding properties; it is used as reinforcement in composite production process to replace the synthetics fibres. Synthetic fibres are affecting our environment since they are non-biodegradable materials and they are not easily available. In addition to use as reinforcement material, it has also used in different engineering applications such as in automotive, aerospace and aircraft, wind turbine, and solar panels. The mechanical, physical, and thermal properties of bamboo fibre reinforced composite materials were altered by different parameters, from the additive particles, processing techniques, fibre orientation, size, volume or weight ratio, temperatures, and matrix and reinforcement material used in the production process. Some usage of matrix and reinforcement material reinforced composites in engineering applications; in automotive, aerospace and aircraft, wind turbine and solar panels. In sandwich honey structure composite using 0° fiber orientation is better mechanical properties than 45° and 90° and using high fiber volume fraction can reduce the mechanical properties of bamboo reinforced composite materials. To obtain excellent mechanical, physical, and thermal properties of bamboo fiber reinforced composite materials, controlling the parameters and using proper matrix and reinforced materials are preferable methods.

Relevance of constructivism to Ghanaian Early Childhood Provision. []

Children's early years are considered to be crucial, since this is the time when they learn all of the skills needed to build positive and lasting social interactions. It is believed that learners have previous knowledge and experience, which is often dictated by their social and cultural environment. Various scholars have proposed various theories on how children learn and gain knowledge from their experiences. This paper focused on constructivist philosophy and hypotheses of how children construct their own knowledge. A qualitative study design was used for the study. The research's target stakeholders were nine (9) early childhood education teachers in particular. A structured interview was used to collect data, and the responses were examined in the terms of themes.

Tourism and Hospitality industry in Nigeria and sustainable []

Any form of industrial development brings impacts upon the physical environment in which it takes place. In view of the fact that tourists have to visit the place of production in order to consume the output, it is inevitable that tourism activity is associated with environmental impacts. For that reason, traditionally some authors have pointed out that tourism can lead to environmental negative consequences. However if properly handled such negative outcome might be minimized or overcome especially as its affects the hospitality and tourism industries in Nigeria. This is why this paper using secondary data examined the role of hospital and tourism industries and their roles in sustainable development in Nigeria


Mie Mapan is a restaurant chain that has been established since 1992, Mie Mapan has now succeeded in becoming the NO.1 MIE IN SURABAYA. By maintaining ancient recipes and using quality ingredients, Mie Mapan will continue to maintain the taste of its products. Currently Mapan Has 11 branch outlets and employs approximately 300 employees. The general objective of this study is to contribute ideas in order to reduce the problem of turn over intention in CV.Mapanjaya's mileinial workforce in terms of corporate culture variables, psychological contracts, Job Insecurity and Burnout. The results of this study indicate that the organizational culture variable has a standardized regression coefficient of 0.052 and a probability of 0.612 on burnout, as well as a regression coefficient of 0.015 and a probability of turnover intention. This shows that organizational culture has an influence on Burnout and Turnover Intention. The Psychological Contract variable has a regression coefficient value of -0.123 with a probability of 0.222 of burnout and a regression coefficient value of -231 with a probability of 0.022. This shows that the psychological contract has no effect on burnout and turnover intention. The Psychological Job Insecurity variable has a regression coefficient value of -0.059 with a probability of 0.515 to burnout and a regression coefficient value of -, 011 with a probability of 0.891.


The inorganic suspended particles removal efficiency of tube settler designed and constructed at pulchowk campus was evaluated by measuring the turbidity and suspended particles concentration at various turbidity ranges and flow rates. The tube settler performs maximum up to 73.37% turbidity removal at overflow rate of 0.42 m/hr (10.18 m3/m2-d) for the turbidity range of 100-125 NTU. If 60% efficiency is accepted for practical design, overflow rates of 10.18, 17.82 and 30.04 m3/m2/d can be treated for raw water turbidity up to 100-125, 75-100 and 50-75 NTU respectively. From the experiment, it was found that to remove the particles size above 11.6 µm, the SOR should maintain 0.42m/h. similarly to remove particles size above 15.4 µm, 20 µm, 22.5 µm and 25.5 µm the SOR should be 0.74m/hr,1.25 m/h, 1.59 m/h & 2.02m/h respectively. The particles removal concentration from tube settler of different turbidity ranges with respective SOR was found to be 68.81%, 59.15%, 55.64%, 51.82% and 43.39% at SOR of 0.42m/h, 0.74m/h, 1.25m/h, 1.59m/h and 2.02m/h respectively. The turbid water of turbidity 125-150 NTU at overflow rate of 1.25 m/hr gives the best performance (63% turbidity removal efficiency and 6 min retention time) and 55.64% suspended particles removal at overflow rate of 1.25m/hr.


Abstract This study investigated the influence of promotion on the job performance of professional and para-professional library staff in tertiary institutions in Niger State. The study adopted a descriptive survey design and had a population of 60 professional and 84 para-professional library staff from all the tertiary institutions in Niger State. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics of frequency tables and mean scores. The findings of the study revealed that requirements for staff promotion have affected their job performance negatively in tertiary institution libraries in Niger State, the findings also indicated that if promotions are steady, job performance will improve greatly in tertiary institutions libraries. The study recommended that there should be an improvement in promotion exercise of library staff by the management of tertiary institutions libraries in Niger State as this will give them more courage and motivation to improve on their job performance.

Poverty and Rising Inequality in the Rural and Estate Sector in Sri Lanka []

ABSTRACT Purpose The purpose of the study is to understand the poverty and rising inequality in the rural and estate sector in Sri Lanka. Methodology / Approach The study based on the reports of Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) (2016) of Department of Census and Statistics (DCS) of Sri Lanka, Annual reports of Central Bank of Sri Lanka (CBSL)(2020), Asian Development Bank (ADB) and The World Bank (WB) reports, relevant literature and the published information of the reputed sources. By the study, selected resources have been critically evaluated and the special attention were given to urban, rural and estate sector. Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) (Alkire & Santos, 2014) uses for the evaluation, which was developed for 104 developing countries which covered 78% of the world population. The MPI measuring acute multidimensional poverty and it is the same three dimension of Human Development Index (HDI) which is Education, Health and Standard of Living that targets poorest who earn less than $1.25 a day. Findings Since the country poverty level reduced, the sector level poverty was not reduced at similar rate. The rural and estate sector poverty level did not reduce compared to the urban sector. Inequality of wealth distribution, lack of access to resources and lack of financial resources were the some of the reasons for this. Recommendations The study strongly recommend that to make policy changes in the resources distribution level and to create safety net to cover the rural and estate sector poor and marginalized families to come out from the poverty level. The government should focus poverty free society in the rural and estate sector community.

Simulation of Sediment and Streamflow in Dabus River, Blue Nile basin []

Sediment yield and streamflow are depending on land use practice. The objective of this study to simulate the sediment yield and streamflow in the Dabus river based on the available land use data, soil data, meteorological data using the SWAT model. The initial soil conservation service runoff curve number is the most sensitive parameter for the streamflow model in Dabus catchment, its alteration on the streamflow was measure by t-stat which is 7.86 and the significance of its factor indicate by p-value is 0.02. Whereas the average slope length of the sub-basins is the sensitive parameter that affects the sediment model in this catchment, where t-stat is 2.65 and the p-value is 0.045. The simulated streamflow and sediment were calibrated and validated at the outlet of the Dabus catchment. The statistical value of model performances was evaluated by R2 = 0.97, 0.76, NS = 0.91, 0.82 and Pbais = -2.1, 17.9 for streamflow calibration and validation. Whereas for sediment model calibration and validation R2 = 0.93, 0.94, NS = 0.88, 0.9 and Pbais = 12.46, 10.14 respectively. The sediment yield estimated from the agricultural area in Dabus catchment 173.09 t/ha which is greater than 10 metric tons per hectare.

Sales forecasting of short-life cycle products using clustering and classification techniques []

Technology and globalization have created strong competition among companies in many industries. This has led to the rapid development of technological products resulted in a shorter life cycle. Forecasting is essential to decrease supply chain costs; however, traditional methods of forecasting are not suitable in this situation because of the lack of historical data and volatile demand. The literature addresses this challenge using two stages of data mining techniques by clustering the existing products then classifying the new ones into these clusters. This paper adopts this technique by using the K-means algorithm to cluster products with similar sales profiles. Then, the rule induction is used to generate the criteria of the product in each cluster. The generated rules are used to forecast the sales profile of a new product using the assigned clusters. A case study is used to validate the algorithm by comparing the proposed technique with the literature shows significant improvement by using the suggested preprocessing and rule induction.


Background: Warfarin is a widely used as oral anticoagulant with broad within- and between individual dose requirements. Warfarin concentration can be monitored by measurement of its plasma concentration. However, this approach has not been applied in the routine clinical management of patients receiving warfarin therapy. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine warfarin concentration in patients receiving warfarin by using high-performance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and to correlate between its level and the demographic data of patients included in the study. Method: A total of 20 patients receiving warfarin for more than 1 yr were included. Warfarin plasma concentrations of the study subjects were determined by LC-MS. The potential effect of various factors on warfarin response was investigated by correlating these factors to Warfarin plasma concentration and INR. Results: Demographic data shows that the age range of the study subjects was (25- 75 years) reflects the wide spread of cardiac disease among different age group. Data collected also shows that the majority of the patients are within the age group above 50 years. Dose range for patients was (14 - 42 mg/week). As the recommended maintenance dose for adults is 2 to 10 mg once a day, so all of study subjects were within the permitted range for adult’s dose. Statistical analysis showed that no correlation between warfarin concentration in patients’ plasma and INR level. The data also showed that no correlation was found between INR values and weekly dose (r2=0.003). Conclusion: There was no significant correlation between INR and warfarin plasma concentration. Also No correlation was found between INR values and study variables. Under such observations, it could be concluded that warfarin can be challenging to be managed due to its narrow therapeutic range, variable dose‐response among different patients and possible common interactions with drugs, diet and other factors.

Evaluation by analytical method of content uniformity of marketed anti-glaucoma eye drops []

Evaluation of content uniformity of marketed anti-glaucoma eye drops by analytical method. The research work emphasis the concentration of active ingredients of anti-glaucoma drug in generic and non-generic formulation. The model drugs are brimonidine tartrate and timolol used in this study. The concentration of brimonidine tartrate and timolol as active ingredient were compared in different generic formulation using liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry (LC/MS-MS). Brand name formulations like brimonidine tartrate and timolol contained active ingredients and Concentrations that were generally in claim with their package inserts. A maximum generic eye drops contained brimonidine tartrate and timolol were in the range as mentioned in the labeled values. There were no significant differences of active ingredients contents in the intraday and interlay studies.


The study assess the influence of the livelihood assets on the resettlement compliance by Jangwani residents. The study motivated by the Government decision to resettle people from Jangwani to Mabwepande, in response to 2011 floods. The study was guided by livelihood assets which include; Social capital, Natural capital, Human capital, Financial capital and Physical capital. The research methodology involved random selection of 99 respondents based on the Slovin’s formula indicated in Israel, (1992). Questionnaires, observations, interviews and documentary review used for data collection. Moreover, the collected data were analysed using SPSS version 25. The findings shows more than 50% of the residents return back to Jangwani for the following reasons: 87.6% presence of relatives and friends; 52.6% being member to community savings; 66% presence of business activities; 53.6% family size; and 53.6% fear of losing land near city centre. Additionally, easy access to housing where 53.6% own house, 21.6% rent at reasonable cost was also indicated; 97.3% indicated Presence of infrastructure and transportation options; 94.8% indicated availability of services such as food stores; 52.5% indicated proximity to schools; and 55.7% indicated presence close to working places. To this end the study recommends; the availability of social-economic aspects in the resettled area. Keywords: Resettlement, Livelihoods; Livelihood assets, Urban planning, Informal settlement, Floods and Jangwani


The eGovernment project’s success highly depends on the use of an appropriate software development process. The appropriate software development process is dependent on the situational factors of the development setting. These include team, project and organization factors. However, no reference framework of the situational determinants that affect the eGovernment software process is currently available. Therefore, the objective of this study is to develop an initial reference framework for eGovernment project development, defining the factors which affect the process tailoring and selection. The empirical investigation of some projects is carried out to identify factors, using interviews as data collection research method. The systematic approach of thematic analysis is applied to analyze data and generate the framework. The resultant framework consists of 6 main categories, 17 sub-categories and 52 individual determinants that define the software development process of eGovernment project. It is believed that the situational determinants initial reference framework given here presents a strong and comprehensive reference framework for the software development process selection in eGovernment project. The resultant reference framework signifies a significant contribution to the eGovernment field in particular, and to the software engineering domain in general. In addition, the framework provides support to eGovernment practitioners in defining and selecting the context-oriented software process. Moreover, this framework is useful in developing an outline of the situational features of the eGovernment development setting, and provides a strong foundation for eGovernment software development process tailoring, definition and selection.

Technology Orientation and its impact on Consumer Repurchasing Intention: With evidence from Modern Trade Industry in Colombo, Sri Lanka []

Firms are forced to stay closer to consumers and have close communication with them in order to establish lasting relationships. Organizations use Technology Orientation to stay closer to the consumer and gather information to make sound decisions. Within the Modern Trade Industry in Sri Lanka we can see the organizations using Technologies but if they are integrating different aspects of Technology Orientation to drive the organizational strategy remains at question. Further firms initiate efforts to enhance Consumer Repurchasing Intention so that they can have closer relationships with customers. However if firms are using Technology Orientation as a tool to enhance Consumer Repurchasing Intention also remains at question. Therefore this study was conducted using a deductive methodology to investigate the impact that Technology Orientation have upon Consumer Repurchasing Intention among the Modern Trade customers in Colombo, Sri Lanka. Technical Capability, Learning Capability, Learning Environment, Commitment to Change and Management Capability were used as Independent Variables and Consumer Repurchasing Intention was identified as the Dependent Variable. Data collection was done using a questionnaire involving 26 Modern Trade Consumers in Colombo, Sri Lanka. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS Version 26. Data were normally distributed, reliable with a strongly positive, significant correlation. Linier Regression results proved that there is a 93.2% impact that Technology Orientation have upon Consumer Brand Equity. All five hypothesis were accepted and the model was proved fit but only Learning Environment and Commitment to Change were found to be significantly influencing Consumer Repurchasing Intention. Hence authors recommend creating Learning Environments and Establishing Change effectively to enable Technology Orientation within the Modern Trade Companies in Colombo, Sri Lanka to enhance Consumer Repurchasing Intention. Authors also recommend future researchers to investigate the impact, Innovations have upon Consumer Repurchasing Intention within the Modern Trade Industry in Colombo, Sri Lanka

Use of acoustic materials in design of cultural centers []

A good knowledge of acoustic materials is essential for achieving noise control in the design of cultural centers spaces in this case an enclosed space (the auditorium). The areas susceptible to noise in the auditorium are the walls, floors and ceiling as well as the materials the seats of the auditorium is made of. The paper is on the use of acoustic materials in design of cultural centres which are used to handle acoustics issues such as; appreciate reverberation time, uniform sound distribution, appropriate sound level, low background noise and echo etc. and by means of Analysing relevant data and appropriate case study this paper seeks to research into the characteristics and composition of acoustic materials suitable to handle these issues. The final results will be appropriate choice of materials for auditorium design and by extension their applications, this paper will further more serve as a basis for further research on acoustics and issues that concern acoustics materials in the design of cultural centers in Nigeria. Keyword: Architectural Acoustic, Auditorium, Acoustic Problems, Acoustical Materials.

College Event Management System []

The “Event Management system” has been developed to override the problems prevailing in the practicing manual system. This software is supported to eliminate and in some cases reduce the hardships faced by this existing system. Moreover this system is designed for the particular need of the company to carry out operations in a smooth and effective manner. The application is reduced as much as possible to avoid errors while entering the data. It also provides error message while entering invalid data. No formal knowledge is needed for the user to use this system. Thus by this all it proves it is user-friendly. Event management system, as described above, can lead to error free, secure, reliable and fast management system. It can assist the user to concentrate on their other activities rather to concentrate on the record keeping. Thus it will help organization in better utilization of resources. Every organization big or small, has challenges to overcome and managing the information of activity, event, attendees, payment, conductors. Every event management system has different events needs, therefore we design exclusive employee management system that are adapted to your managerial requirements. This design to assist in strategic planning, and will help you ensure that your organization is equipped with the right level of information and details for your future goals. Also, for those busy executive who are always on the go, our systems come with remote access features, which will allow you to manage your workforce anytime, at all times. These systems always allow to manage your resource better. The purpose of the event management system is to automate the existing manual system by the help of computerized equipment and full-fledged computer software, fulfilling their requirements, so that their valuable data\information can be stored longer period with easy accessing and manipulation of the same. The required software and hardware are easily available and easy to work with. Event management system, as described above, can lead to error free, secure, reliable and fast management system. It can assist the user to concentrate on their other activities rather to concentrate on the record keeping. Thus it will help organization in better utilization can maintain computerized record records without redundant entries. That means that one need not be distracted by information that is not relevant, while being able to reach the information. The aim is to automate its fixing manual system by the help of computerized equipments and full-fledged computer software, fulfilling their requirements, so that their valuable data\information can be stored for a longer period with easy accessing and manipulation of the same. Basically the project describes how to manage for good performance and better services for the clients


ABSTRACT This report presents a development of a microcontroller based calculator using 4x4 Matrix Keypad and 16x2 Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) as the main components of this design. This system consists of four main units: (input unit, control unit, output unit and power supply unit), which were integrating and interfacing each other to perform a required operation. Input unit, used the 4x4 Matrix Keypad to serves as an input device that allow the user to communicate with system, control unit, used the ATmega328P microcontroller to serve as central processing unit of the calculator that accepts input instructions through the keypad, process it and send the result through the LCD, output unit is the LCD that gives the results. This design will perform simple arithmetic functions that can replace an ancient method of performing calculation such as abacus; stones etc and also reduce to barest minimum the computational errors in arithmetic, algebraic and statistical problem in engineering and science. It makes the program for the arithmetic operations to be simple, reliable, and faster with cost effective. Keywords: Microcontroller, Calculator, Keypad, LCD display

Nuisance Tripping of 11kv HV Switchgear Protection Relay []

ABSTRACT A protective relay is a device that gives instructions to disconnect a faulty part of the system. This action ensures that the remaining system is still fed with power, and protects the system from further damage because of the fault. A protection apparatus has three main functions/duties—to safeguard the entire system to maintain continuity of supply, minimize damage and repair costs where it senses fault, and ensure safety of personnel. Protection of any distribution system is a function of many elements, and this dissertation gives a brief outline of various components that go in protecting a system and to eliminate Nuisance tripping of the HV Switchgear Protection relay. In other words, to reduce and eliminate unnecessary faults on the power system configuration. A power system is capable of meeting the present load and has the flexibility to meet the future demands. A power system is designed to generate electric power in sufficient quantity to meet the present and estimated future demands of the users in a particular area, to transmit it to the areas where it will be used, and then distribute it within that area on a continuous basis. The effective and continuous supply of electricity ensures that Factory Equipment, and home appliances last longer, which invariably improves businesses and social and economic lives of the people connected on the network.


This Paper has initially explored the economic journey of Sri Lanka Specially after receiving the independence in 1948 officially. It has also tried to understand the economic pathway that was implemented during 1950 to year 2005 and how the economic parameters and supporting activities have contributed to overcome the situation. Furthermore, the author has provided secondary data to prove the strategic decisions and implementations that were taken by the political leaderships. Secondly, this paper explores the BRI strategies, the impact on other Belt & Road Initiative activities (BRI) participating economies and some of the implications for Sri Lanka. The study has attempt to fill the research gap Chinese outbound BRI investments and benefits and efficiency of the projects. It has touched base multiple investments during year 2000 to 2015 including economic factors, demographic factors and environmental concerns. This paper also explores Sri Lankan debt situation prior and post BRI projects which has been burden for Sri Lankan government today. However, the researcher is trying his level best to compare with pear countries in order to analysis the figures with time series analysis. The case has been built mainly based on secondary data, during 1948 to 2015. However, there are only few BRI projects have been completed since year 2006 and research evaluations has been based on only on those completed projects. Therefore, this paper is welcoming the novel researchers to study the case extensively and extend the case further and pay the efforts to bridge the gap.

Building and Enhancing New Literacies: A Paradigm Shift to a Blended Flexible Critical Reflective New Normal Classroom Teaching-Learning Environment []

Building and Enhancing New Literacies Across the Curriculum in a Blended Flexible Critical Reflective Classroom Teaching-Learning Environment is a challenge to a new world of education. It builds new concepts of education in liberalizing the ever-changing needs of time, space, and circumstances. Critical and reflective teaching-learning environment using the multimedia infrastructure is the forerunner of intervention across the curriculum. It enhances new literacies in the field of (a) globalization and multi-cultural; (b) social; (c) media; (d) financial; (e) cyber /digital; (f) ecology/ environment; (g) arts and creativity; (h) Field-based- interdisciplinary explorations; and (i) other teaching strategies. Building and Enhancing New Literacies Across the Curriculum in a Blended Flexible Critical Reflective Classroom Teaching-Learning Environment in the midst of globalization and multicultural classroom instruction need to interface learners to multimedia infrastructure and simplified the interdependence and internationalization of global diversity in unity. Social literacies prepare the learners to associate and interact with the multicultural social living organisms in a given time, space, and circumstances. It also acknowledges the role of both print and nonprinted flatforms of communication outlets. Likewise, financial matters also tackled to explore the financial stability, inflow on capitalization, goods, labor, and services interfacing through multimedia infrastructure. When the millennium generation digitized the Boomlets' technological superhighway, it rises the baby boomer’s generation. It digitized the capitalization on WIFI (wireless technology) into PSYFI (action and behavior reader) generation. Moreover, the environmental intelligence of an individual needs to be enhanced. Field exposure and personal encounters are necessary. It flattened the world view and made the “decay” of time and space over time. The fast phase added value on “materialism” dictates to enhance new literacies. The spotlight of the teacher in the material classroom may be explored, reinvented, reengineered, and innovated into eClassroom. Using the facility on the natural Multiple intelligences of an individual through a field-based – interdisciplinary approach in a cooperative and collaborative teaching-learning environment. Proactive curriculum & a socially engaged diverse community, planned interaction on a program of studies integrated multimedia infrastructure as a facility to blend flexible teaching-learning. Thus, this study found relevant issues on Input-Process-Output of the school as institutionalized. TESDA, DepEd CHED, CSC, PRC, and other allied institutions in curriculumization, internationalization, and institutionalization played its important role. The community–based curriculum liberalizes literacy as an ingredient to multiculturalization. Mainstreaming these issues on Building and Enhancing New Literacies Across Curriculum is “knowledge-based” construction within the community to flatten the world as a Netizen. The Continent of Europe & America has these state-of-the-art facilities. To the unprepared teaching-learning environment, the school and its counterpart partners share their state-of-the-art multimedia infrastructure to empower everyone and no one left behind.

Psychological Impact of Disasters on Children in Fiji []

The purpose of this paper is to fill in the void in the existing literature and investigate experiences children encounter during a natural which factors impact psychological aptitudes in their learning and the key solutions to be utilizes to successfully address the impact natural disasters have on children. Any form of disaster whether physical, psychological, emotional or sexual is a dreadful harrowing experience for a child. Living and reliving through a natural disaster has lasting memorable impact for children. Category 5 Tropical Cyclone Winston made landfall on Fiji in February 2016 which ravaged the Northern, Eastern and Western parts of the Fiji islands. The experience of terror that children faced during the height of the severe TC Winston has been etched deep in their hearts. Considering children’s mental, emotional and psychological stability their coping methods in relation to adults is very slow and fragile. To understand children coping method and strategies needs discourse. The study implemented mixed method utilizing the Hutte-Hennik qualitative research cycle to collate data through semi structured interviews which comprised of open and close end questions. A five point Likert scale was used using 5 (strongly agree), 1 (strongly disagree) to assemble better-quality of the psychological impact of disasters on children in Fiji.


It has been observed in literature related to ESL context that less attention has been placed on learning environment. However, the available studies done on learning environment have shown prospective benefits of different variables in the area. The paper presents some of the findings of a PhD study of which learning environment is a major component. This study is a survey of student perspectives on the learning environment which include areas; convenience of lecture room facilities, availability of technology and other resources, availability of language laboratory facilities, and convenience of library facilities. The sample of the study comprised selected students of Science-based and Non-science based faculties of Metropolitan universities of Sri Lanka. The data were collected online using a Google Form and were analyzed with SPSS software. Results indicated that students of Non-science based faculties need improvements in most of the variables while Science-based faculties need improvements in selected cases particularly library facilities as per students’ perspectives


INTRODUCTION:The compartmentalization involved viewing the mouth separately from the rest of the body must cease because oral health affects general health by causing considerable pain and suffering and by changing what people eat, their speech and their quality of life and well being1. Knowing dental student’s self-perceptions of oral health including OHRQOL, will provide insights that may enable better teaching method to be defined2. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To assess the oral heath related quality of life among students of al azhar dental college. MATERIALS AND METHODS:A cross sectional survey was conducted in Al Azhar Dental College during among 160 students out of which 50 were males and 110were females, to analyze oral health related among students of Al azhar dental college. Ethical approval was obtained from the institutional review board. RESULT: Total OHIP was 4.5±5.14 with highest subscale score seen with psychological discomfort (1.65±0.80).Fortyfive percentage students reportedimpact on OHRQoL and the lowest reported in social handicap (1%) CONCLUSION: Study reported statistically significant association between impact on OHRQoLwith annual income of parentand SES status of the family (p<0.05)OHRQoL showed statistical significant association with year of study (p<0.05) KEYWORD:Dental students,OHRQoL dental college

Load Flow Study of Nigeria Liquefied Natural Gas (NLNG) Residential Area, Bonny Island, Using Fast Decoupled Technique []

The Load Flow Study of Nigeria Liquefied Natural Gas (NLNG) Residential Area, Bonny Island is a research conducted which is necessary for the planning, operation future expression and improvement of the distribution network for the area. The analysis was conducted to tackle and solve the problem of the over loaded nature of the distribution transformers in the area under study. A detailed survey was done and the line and bus input, distribution transformer’s ratings and loading, ratings of the various lump loads (consumer terminals), short-circuit capacity of the supply to the area were found. The network was modelled and simulated in Electrical Transient Analyser Program (ETAP) 16.00, using the Fast-Decouple Load Flow Method for analysis in ETAP 16.00. Simulation results of analysis of the network showed that one of the distribution transformers feeding the area under study to be marginally (almost) overloading. This, thus, causes enormous stress and losses (I2R) in the transformer, bringing about loss or shortage of electrical supply to the area under study. Load bifurcation on the overloading transformer was the optimization method done; to improve supply 500KVA sized transformer was installed to alleviate the load on the overloaded transformer. Simulation results showed that the active and reactive losses along the overloaded branch (transformer) before load bifurcation were 10.8KW and 16.3KVar respectively. Also, the percentage voltage drop was seen to be 3.74%. But a significant improvement was noticed after the bifurcation of load on the overloaded branch. After optimization, the real and reactive power loss from the overloaded transformer became 3.3KW and5.0KVar respectively, with a percentage voltage drop of 2.07%. Similarly, the real and reactive power losses along the new transformer were 2.2KW and 3.3KVar with a percentage voltage drop of 1.68%, which are all very much within the safety limits of operation.