Volume 9, Issue 9, September 2021 Edition - GSJ Journal Publication

[1]  [2]  [3]  [4]  [5]


One of the factors that can provide a stimulus to employees is to provide management innovations and cultural innovations, with the hope that these innovations will make employees improve their performance on an ongoing basis. This study tried to analyze the things that affected job performance and job satisfaction. There were several factors assessed, namely management innovation and cultural innovation. Based on the above phenomenon, it can be understood how important innovation is in an organization. In this study, the author used quantitative research with quantitative approach that emphasized the analysis of data in the form of questionnaire results which were processed by statistical methods. The results of the study showed that there was a significant influence of management innovation on job satisfaction within the Regional Revenue Service in Makassar. The more management innovations applied, the higher the employee's job satisfaction. There was a significant influence of cultural innovation on job satisfaction within the Regional Revenue Service in Makassar. With the cultural innovation that occurs the higher the level of employee job satisfaction.

Impact of Row Planting on Maize Yield Growth: Disparity among Agro-ecological Zones of Ethiopia []

This study examined the disparity in impact of adoption of row planting on maize yield growth using 558 sample farm households in four major maize growing agro-ecological zones of Ethiopia. Propensity score matching technique was employed since it is an increasingly utilized standard approach for evaluating impacts using observational data. It was found that adoption of row planting didn't have the desired positive and significant impact on maize yield growth in all of the agro-ecological zones considered. Therefore, this study recommended that the agricultural research and extension system of the country should be strengthened to further take into account the differences among different agro-ecological zones and areas having high variability in landscape positions, rain fall, soil characteristics and farming systems in order to generate and scale-up appropriate improved agricultural technologies and information that suits to the specific conditions of each maize producing land pockets of the country.

The role of religious organisations in fighting the menace of drug abuse and youth restiveness in Taraba State []

Abstract Nowadays, Nigeria is witnessing drug abuse, indescent of corruption and dicadence especially, among the youths, whereby the youths children below adolescent age engages themselves in some immoral acts; of killing, hurting, illicit sex, drug abuse, stealing, raping of both the married and unmarried Girls or women. Youth restiveness has now been regarded to be among the circle of the youth everywhere in Nigeria, whose main interest is to cherish and patronise the profession for defence of their leisure, polity or as a mean of livelihood. Therefore, this study intends to expound or find out “The menace of drug abuse and youth restiveness and solution in the light of Islamic law”. Taraba State had been a case study, it inherited common law since after independence. But that does not curtail the present menace, where as Islamic legislation is full of solutions to every crime that is being committed in the world. Youth restiveness started as “base gansg” but later turn into political thugs whereby they involves themselves into criminal acts.


This research work focus on the distribution network (11/0.415KV), which is the power that supply the electricity to the end consumer at the receiving end for daily utilization. Thus, the distribution system is becoming too complex to solve mathematically due to the rise in Energy demand, load shedding, which Port Harcourt Electricity Distribution Company (PHED) is regularly being confronted with the supply of little available power to match the much-needed Energy (Power) demand. This research work adopted the application of voltage drop / voltage Regulation Technique for analysis and investigation using Marine Base Axis of Port Harcourt as case study. The work investigated the level of voltage drop on each section of the feeders (buses), with the view to determine where the voltage profile is critical. The critical voltage buses on the feeders are recommended with the integration of a static VAR Compensator, with the view to enhance performance in order to comply with the statutory limit of +- 10%. The deviation of voltage level, that is beyond the acceptable limit will seriously collapse or overstressed the existing operating condition of the distribution network. The capacity of the Marine Base Injection Sub-station (2x15 MVA), where (1x 15 MVA) is to supply two (2) outgoing feeders, which are Marine Base and Port Harcourt Flour Mill. Electrical Transient Analyzer Program (ETAP) was used in the analysis and simulation of load flow, voltage drop, mis-matches in active and reactive power are determined in order to investigate, identify the buses or feeder line that are critically overstressed or over loaded. The voltage drop/voltage regulation equations were formulated to measure the degree of over load/load shedding. The application of the software Electrical Transient Analyzer Program (ETAP version 12.6) requested the augmentation of static VAR compensator (size) to the distribution network help to enhance the power system quality performance, thereby making the distribution system to be more efficient.

Extracting financial cycle and Business cycle of Nepalese Economy []

This paper is an attempt to extract the financial and business cycle of Nepalese economy with the application of time-based filter. In order to estimate the cycle, annual time series data from year 1979-2019 of domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) and logarithm of real gross domestic product are used. Instrument or indicator used in this study was proposed by the Basel committee on banking supervision (BCBS). It is known as Basel gap (credit to GDP gap) which uses a statistical time-based filter (Hodrick–Prescott filter) to decompose the time series into two parts: growth component and cyclical component. The result of financial cycle shows that in year 2010-2011 there is a positive gap of more than 9% which suggest to increase capital requirement (i.e., countercyclical capital buffer). However, the current gap is near to zero which indicates adequate lending in the economy given to the current output producing ability of the Nepalese economy. The result of business cycle shows that economy is in expansion phase. Furthermore, the combine plotting of the cycles shows that the financial cycle is deeper than the business cycle, the amplitude of financial cycle varies more than business cycle and the synchronicity of the cycles are low.

Sustainable Development and Gender Inequality in Northern Ghana []

A gender gap is a gender-based inequality; it is any imbalance in treatment between women and men, which is consistently entrenched in social, culture and customs of the people. Gender disparity creates barriers to effective sustainable development by constraining women’s access to resources and decision-making opportunities. Numerous sources of literature were used for the study. These sources comprised reports of international organisations such as AfDB, FAO, UNESCO, UNICEF, UNECE, journals and other published sources. Economic, environmental, and social props of sustainable development are chiefly related to the discourse of gender equality. The study found that though women form over half the conceivable capacity base in Africa, they are a side-lined group of the region, where their economic, social, and environmental efforts are unnoticed. The land tenure system in Northern Ghana is pluralistic, with Chiefs having ‘allodial’ rights. The ownership of land by the traditional rulers has contributed to men’s exclusive control over land, as most chiefs are male. Also, the unequal position of women and girls as compared to men and boys in basic education regarding enrolment and school attendance is worrisome. Women in northern Ghana are agricultural producers, workers, and resource managers. The three dimensions of sustainable development; economic growth, social development and environmental sustainability cannot be completely addressed without recognising the significance of gender equality and women’s empowerment. It is recommended that access to and secure tenure over land is closely linked to natural resource access and management, such as water and forest resources, with benefits for sustainable ecosystems, thus governments and other stakeholders should make and implement policies that will ensure access and secure tenure over land by all people in society.

Prevalence and factors associated with Intestinal Parasitic Infections among People living along the shores of Lake Kijanebalora, Rakai District Uganda []

Intestinal parasitic infections can lead to various diseases like amoebiasis, giardiasis, and helimithiasis. People living or working near lake shores in Uganda are at a high risk to a variety of intestinal parasitic infections due to constant contact with contaminated water and poor sanitation. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence and factors associated with intestinal parasitic infections among people living along the shores of Lake Kijanebalora in Kasula Parish, Rakai District. Methods: A cross sectional community survey was carried out between May 2019 and June 2019 in the villages along the shores of Lake Kijanebalora in Kasula Parish, Kyalulangira Sub County, Rakai District. Participants were chosen from randomly selected households within the study area and stratified into three age categories namely under-fives, 5-14 years and those 15 years or older. The proportion of the study sample represented by each age-group corresponded with estimated age-specific distribution of the population of Kasula Parish. Participant stool samples were collected and analyzed by microscopy to identify and characterize intestinal parasitic infections. Data on socio demographic and economic characteristics, hygiene and sanitation behavior and practices were collected using a questionnaire. Fisher's exact test was employed to determine if differences in prevalence across age categories considered in the study were significant. Logistic regression analysis was employed to identify factors statistically associated with intestinal parasitic infections. Results: Three hundred fourteen (314) participants were studied. The overall prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection was 66.6% [61.3%-71.8%]. Age-specific prevalence were 69.4% for children under 5 years, 67.4% for children between 5-14 years and 65.1% for adults aged 15 or older. Among the infected participants, 64.1% had protozoa infections only, 20.6% had helminthes infections only, while 15.3% had a combination of helminthes and protozoa infections. Nine species of intestinal parasites were identified of which Entamoeba histolytica/dispar was the most prevalent at 40.2%, followed by Ascaris lumbricoides at 35.4% and Cryptosporidium spices at 22.0%. Twenty-three percent of infected individuals had multiple infections and 45.4% had high or very high degree of infection. The high prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among people living along the shores of lake Kijanebalora in Kasula Parish, Rakai District was statistically associated with community members practice of open defecation (aOR:3.28[1.85-5.80]) and eating of raw foods, (aOR:2.44[1.22-4.91]). Having short finger nails (aOR:0.56[0.33-0.97]), going for medical checkup voluntarily (aOR:0.33[0.13-0.85]) and purifying drinking water (aOR:0.34[0.16-0.74]) may reduce one's risk of acquiring intestinal parasitic infections. Conclusion: In the study setting, the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections is high and protozoa infections are very common. Community members practice of open defecation, eating of raw foods and long finger nails are risk factors for intestinal parasitic infections. Community sensitization about prevention by Health authorities in the area, inclusion of anti intestinal protozoan treatments into the current de worming strategy, as well as extending the de worming strategy by the Ministry of health Uganda to include adults, are recommended.


This study aims to determine the type, intensity, and prevalence of ectoparasites of fish caught by fishermen from Jatigede Reservoir. The research was carried out in the dry season until the transition season, from September to November 2019. The fishing gear used to take fish samples was fishing rods, throwing nets, and gill nets. Sampling was carried out four times with two-time intervals every two weeks. The number of fish caught was 76 consisting of 12 species including 5 families namely the Cichlidae, Cyprinidae, Bagridae, Channidae, and Eleotridae families. The research results obtained 7 genus ectoparasites namely Trichodina, Trichodinella, Vorticella, Epistylis, Dactylogyrus, Gyrodactylus, and Transversotrema. Ectoparasites that have the highest intensity were Epistylis which value was 10 ind/fish and ectoparasites with the lowest intensity value were Transversotrema which was 1 ind/fish. The highest intensity from fish was Tilapia of 26,17ind/fish and the lowest intensity was long whiskers catfish, striped snakehead, Asian redtail catfish, Marble goby, and local name beureum panon of 0. The highest prevalence of ectoparasites was Trichodina at 22.37%, the lowest prevalence was Vorticella and Transversotrema at 1.31%. The fish with the highest prevalence was Common carp of 100%, the lowest prevalence was long whiskers catfish, striped snakehead, Asian redtail catfish, Marble goby, and local name beureum panon of 0. Keywords: Ectoparasites, Intensity, Jatigede Reservoir, Prevalence

Review Based Recommendation System Using Big Data []

In the past few years, the increase in a wide range of options and reviews has led to the need of filtering the data. Many times, the user gets irrelevant or unwanted recommendations due to the use of unfiltered data that are present on the internet. The Information overloaded with various and numerous reviews have helped us with the idea of filtering the irrelevant data and using the important data for building a recommendation system. The current system faces scalability problems due to expansion in Service providers in this domain. This paper explores the big data domain and also resolves the problem of handling big data. We can also observe that using the combination of sentimental analysis with a collaborative filtering approach can give more efficient results.


Information technology is the convergence of various specialized technologies, like computer, telecommunication optical digital systems which are based on electronics. Therefore, electronic information systems are now synonymous to information technology. It is seen that the information needs of professionals or the clinicians working in hospitals need to have quick access to very nascent information being the support of the clinical activities of the hospitals. Their requirements is relatively specific and timely and the rendering of the relevant information definitely influences the care of patient Digitizing and networking of information resources and services means creating a global community with a vast storehouse of knowledge and a continuous dialogue among its members to solve various problems related to the lives and work of people across the globe.


Abstract Flooding disaster results into loss of lives, crops distruction, loss of land as well as economic deterioration due to the affected bridges across the rivers. Karama sector in Nyagatare district is the most area affected by flooding seasonally in a year along Muvumba river. The topography of the area is not high steep but medium slope and low sloping, heavy rainfall in the bordering region such as Gicumbi and Uganda as the source of river Muvumba creates erosive power of the river when it is raining, due to the topography of high mountains of Gicumbi and Uganda causing flooding in Karama sector along Muvumba river even when it is not raining in Nyagatare as well as destruct crops, infrastructures and loss of land in the areas surrounding the river. This research analysed the triggering factors of flooding and the flooding impacts along the Muvumba river in Karama sector, Nyagatare district where it has been recorded a number of flooding. After extraction by mastk the slope was calculated and later classified into three categories (0.0-5.5 (low slope), 5.5-14.6 (Medium slope) and 14.6-36.0 (High slope). The analysis reveals that, the stipness of some area of Karama sector are directly corelated with the flooding disaster when it is raining. After integration of spatial data of rivers, basic facilities and infrastructure into ArcMap, the network analysis tools in Arc tool box was used to analyse the impacts of flooding disaster on accessibility of basic facilities, we found that people from Ndego cell and Kabuga cells tends to move long Distance to access basic facilities during flooding period. Throuh the field observation the impacts of flooding disaster on agriculture production has been observed and the photography was taken to document the extent of flooding impacts on agriculture production, we found that, Beans, Maize Sugarcane, Sorghum, Potatoes, Carrote and Bannana plantation are major crops that are likely to be affected by the floods. Although assistance are provided to the affected households, flood mitigation and adaptation measures need to be highlited to cope with the flooding disaster. Floodwalls and floodgate should be constructed to reduce the volume, and erossive power of water, terraces and planting trees need to be encouraged as well as capturing water that may acceralate flooding disaster in the river Muvumba. In addition, constractuion of Dums are issential in flood risk management along the river muvumba in Karama. Keywords: Flooding disaster, Flood mitigation, Flood adaptaion, Floodwalls and floodgate

The impact of tourism on economic growth []

this study specifically investigates the impact of tourism on economic growth of Nepal. Annual Data are taken from period 2000 to 2018 for this study. Multiple regression model is used to examine the relationship between tourism and economic growth. GDP is taken as a proxy for economic growth and as dependent variable whereas tourist arrivals and NRs/US dollar exchange rate are taken as independent variable. Natural logarithm of variable is taken in order to make equation linear. Further, the result shows positive and significant relationship between tourist arrival and GDP whereas exchange rate has positive and insignificant relationship with GDP. This concludes that there is a positive impact between tourism and economic growth.

Determinants of insurance contributing to economic growth of Nepal []

this study investigates determinants of insurance sector contributing to the economic growth of Nepal. Annual time series data of variables are taken from FY 2000 to 2018. OLS regression is used to determine the relationship between explanatory variables (total insurance premium & investment) and response variable (GDP as proxy of economic growth). Natural logarithms of variables are taken in order to make equation linear. Further, the result and analysis finding shows that insurance premium is positively significant to GDP and investment is also positively significant to GDP, which concludes insurance sector has positive and statistical significant relationship with economic growth. Hence, determinants of insurance sector contribute to the economic growth of Nepal.

Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding nosocomial infections prevention among nurses at King Faisal Hospital, Rwanda []

The prevalence of bloodstream pathogens worldwide also causes problems such as significant mortality leading to many deaths. As nosocomial infections are avoidable by using suitable precautionary measures, up to date knowledge and skills of Nurses in different hospitals is highly needed because it is very important In order to avoid infectious diseases, people spent most of their time dealing with ill people. This study is about knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding nosocomial infections prevention among Nurses at King Faisal Hospital, Kigali. The study used a descriptive cross-sectional. The population of the study had comprised Nurses of King Faisal Hospital January-March 2021. A sample of 191 respondents was randomly selected from a total of 355 nurses. Data were collected using questionnaires and were analysed using SPSS version 21, along with excel and inferential data was analyzed using frequency distribution and percentage tables. The findings of this study indicated that most of participants (65.8%) were female. Most of participants (42.4%) were aged between 21 and 29 years. It was noted that most of participants in this study were holders of advanced diploma. It was noted that that all participants 184(100.0%) were able to correctly define hospital acquired infection. There were 17.9% of participants who had a good attitude concerning nosocomial pathogens, 18.5 percent who had a neutral attitude, and 63.6 percent who had a negative view. A majority of participants (75.5%) had poor practices regarding nosocomial infection prevention and control. The level of knowledge (P<0.05) and attitudes towards nosocomial infection prevention ((P<0.001) were significant factors associated with practices regarding nosocomial infection prevention and control. It was concluded that the participants' knowledge was high, with the overwhelming of them having sufficient knowledge of healthcare associated patient safety. The nurses' attitudes regarding hospital-acquired infection control were mostly good. However, there is a relatively low level of adherence with healthcare associated personal protective equipment. As a result, a study advises health-care facilities to provide current information to nursing staff in informing and impact their actions and attitudes towards the preventive measures of healthcare facility illnesses.


Abstract The study explored the nature of the Cosmovision and its implication for natural resource valuation in three traditional communities in Ghana; in Buabeng - Fiema, Tafi - Atome, and the Amansuri. The specific objectives were to construct the cosmovision for the three communities, identify their natural resource valuation system and identify their resource valuation priority scale and resource utilization framework. The significance of the study was to provide policymakers on resource governance with relevant knowledge on Cosmo-centered resource utilization framework for the three communities. The study employed a multiple-case study approach using a qualitative study design. Data collection was done by interviewing, focus group discussion, and observation. A combination of convenience and purposive sampling were used to select the key respondents and discussants. Qualitative data analysis involved thematic analysis, discourse analysis, and interpretative phenomenological analysis. The study revealed the three study areas had three distinct cosmovision but their cosmovision shared common features in spiritual supremacy and a common ecological status for humankind. Additionally, resources were valued based on their ecological services with their spiritual value and commercial values being the highest and the least on their value priority scale respectively. The study concluded that traditional societies valued resources based on their cosmovision and made their decisions on the use of resources based on their position on their natural resource valuation scale. The study recommends extensive documentation, review, and education on the cosmovision in the three communities to improve communal participation in endogenous development processes.


From a resource-based view model, this study seeks to assess the Private Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) stakeholders’ perceptions of the efficacy of core competencies within the educational sector and to investigate how the attributes of core competence thereof influence organisational (TVET college) performance. This research employed the quantitative approach that falls under a positivistic paradigm with emphasis on a deductive approach because this study uses a set of pre-tested scales to collect data and create data structures to describe the perceptions and beliefs of stakeholders. The population for this study is made up of college staff members and management (stakeholders). A sample of 147 was chosen to participate in the survey. Of the 147 distributed questionnaires, 136 came back correctly filled in. This represents a response rate of 94%. IBM SPSS version 24 was used to conduct descriptive and multivariate analyses, which included correlation and regression analyses. This study found a positive statistical relationship between the adoption of resources and capabilities and organisational performance in terms of growth and profitability. The linkage between core competencies and organisational performance will enable senior managers to design a structure that brings forth superior organisational performance. Results showed that core competencies have a significant relationship on the organisational performance of the institution.

Pile Capacity Prediction Using Multivariate Regression Model []

This paper considers the use of multivariate regression model in predicting the axial capacity of concrete pile driven into layered soil. The model incorporates the possible factors that affect the bearing capacity of pile as input variables. The various input parameters are settlement, effective vertical stress, undrained shear strength of the clay layer, N-value of the sand layer and thicknesses of the soil layers. Predictions from the model were validated with the measured load test values while various statistical error criteria were utilized in ascertaining the predictive ability of the model. The mean absolute error, root mean square error and mean absolute error were obtained as 178.56, 231.23 and 9.34% respectively. These results proved the ability of the model to predict the capacity of the pile with an acceptable degree of accuracy. The output from the model also surpasses the results from the pile load test prediction methods and pile dynamic formulas that were considered.

Application of Electrical Resistivity (ERM) and Aeromagnetic Methods in Mapping Underground Water Potentials ( A Case Study of Nangere and Fune L.G.Area of Yobe State, Nigeria) []

Corresponding: Author 1, email ABSTRACT This study aims to investigate the ground water potential in Fune and Nangere Local Government Area of Nigeria. Source Parameter Imaging (SPI) method was applied to the Acquired aeromagnetic data to produce the depth to basement rocks ranging from 300 m at the northern part to 300 m at the southern part. The geoelectrical survey is represented by 2 sections comprising of 4 Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) which were collected by using Schlumberger configuration of AB/2 ranged (from 1.5 to 200 m). The results of quantitative interpretation of the subsurface sequence consists of dominantly three to four geoelectrical units. The first unit consists of top soil with high resistivity and thin thickness. While the second one consists of sand and gravel with thickness ranging from 10 to 50 m of moderate to high resistivity. The third one consists of sandstone of low resistivity ranging from 75 to 50 ohmm and thickness ranging from 10 to 70 m; this unit represents the aquifer of the study area for the three layer section. The last geoelectrical unit consists of low resistivity layer of less than 40 ohmm and thickness ranging from 30 to 80m, this unit represents the aquifer of the study area for the three layer section. Keywords: Fune, Ground Water, Magnetic, Nangere, Resistivity, Source Parameter Imaging

Village Savings and Loans Association Model, Micro Finance and Rural Women’s Livelihood in the Kassena Nankana West District of Ghana []

Globally, the issue of rural women’s livelihood has taken centre stage because of its importance in reducing poverty among women and by extension, households, rural communities and nations. Livelihood allows women to use their human and material resources to engage in economic activities that involve self-employment or wage employment to generate cash or non-cash to meet their self needs and households. In Ghana, several attempts have been made to enhance women’s livelihood including the creation of the Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Protection in 2021. In 2015, the Ministry introduced the National Gender Policy which seeks to promote the greater empowerment of women to have equal opportunities with their men counterparts. Ghana has also ratified international instruments and frameworks such as the Millennium Development Goals and Sustainable Development Goals. More specifically, to take rural women out of poverty, the government of Ghana and the private sector have introduced a number of strategies such as micro finance institutions to provide financial resources to the citizenry to engage in economic activities to take them out of poverty. However, their reach to the rural poor especially women are limited: their unavailability, nearness, non-effectiveness of service provision, inadequacy of loans granted, untimeliness and cost of services provided to rural communities. This drew the attention of development practitioners to introduce the Village Savings and Loans (VSLA) Model as an alternative to micro finance and as a way to marshal financial resources for women in particular in rural areas where micro finance institutions are hard to reach. As an informal micro finance institution, the VSLA model allows for saving and borrowing without any requirement for external support. This study thus, examined the VSLA Model as an alternative to micro finance and its effects on rural women’s livelihoods in the Kassena Nankana West District of the Upper East Region of Ghana. The study adopted the sequential design approach where quantitative data was collected through the use of questionnaires and followed by a qualitative data through focus group discussions and key informant interviews from a sample of 291 members of the VSLA’s in the district. The study revealed that the Village Savings and Loans Associations model has increased rural women’s access to credit due to savings’ mobilizations, increased the average households’ monthly incomes from GH¢78.56 to GH¢136.37, increased women’s participation in household decision making and improved members’ level of confidence and self-esteem. However, the study showed that members of the associations lacked regular capacity building trainings to boost their work. The study therefore, recommends that government through the Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Protection and District Assemblies should provide regular, timely and need-based capacity building trainings for members and link them with formal micro finance institutions that will help enhance their activities and policy makers should learn best practices from the existing VSLA’s and incorporate them into existing national programmes that address rural women’s livelihood issues.

Sero-prevalence and Public Health Perception of Small Ruminant Brucellosis in South Eastern Somali Region, Ethiopia. []

A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the sero-prevalence of small ruminant brucellosis and potential risk factors associated in South Eastern Somali Region, Ethiopia. A total of 226 (126 goat and 100 sheep) serum samples were collected using sample random and assessed using modified Rose Bengal Plate Test (mRBPT), Complement Fixation Test (CFT) and questionnaire survey were done to asses perception of the disease. Potential risk factors were analyzed using Fisher Exact and Chi-square tests. Accordingly, the presence study revealed the overall prevalence of brucellosis in small ruminants was identified to be 1.77% (95%CI: 0.4-3.8) with combined mRBPT and RBPT tests. Using companied RBPT and CFT results, a comparison of sero-prevalence of small ruminant brucellosis was carried out with in sex and the result showed a higher sero-prevalence of 2.2% (95%CI: 0.46-6.31) in Female and 1.1% (95%CI: 0.28-6.04) in Male respectively. However, the association of risk factors with seroprevalence of small showed that there are no statically significant difference (p>0.05) of small ruminant brucellosis among species, sex, districts and age groups considered. Although the result of the study was relatively low, the existence of the disease circulating in small ruminants and lack of awareness of the communities about the disease may result a potential hazard for zoonotic transmission of brucellosis in the pastoral communities. Implementing feasible control measures such as elimination of sero-positive reactors of sheep and goats and raising public awareness of the community towards brucellosis is an important aspect to reduce the transmission of the disease in small ruminants and risk of zoonotic transmission in man, respectively.

« Incidence de structure du capital sur la performance financière des PME de transport de Territoire d’Aru au Nord-Est de la RDC » []

Ce papier consistait en une investigation sur la relation qui existe entre la structure du capital et la performance financière au sein des entreprises de secteur de transport dans le Territoire d’Aru. De manière spécifique, il visait à déterminer la nature de la relation entre les fonds propres et la performance financière des PME de secteur de transport de Territoire d’Aru ; étudier la nature de la relation entre les dettes financières et la performance financière et déterminer l’impact de la structure du capital sur la performance financière des PME de secteur de transport de Territoire d’Aru. Une étude corrélationnelle descriptive dans la philosophie positiviste, la méthode quantitative, l’approche déductive, la technique d’enquête le questionnaire et interview libre était entreprise. Les techniques d’échantillonnage aléatoire simple et subjectif ont permis de sélectionner les managers ou les gérants supposés comme les mieux informés sur la structure du capital et la performance financière des PME sous étude. La population d’étude était une population finie de 38 managers ou gérants considérés en même temps comme échantillon. Les résultats de l’étude ont révélé une forte influence positive et significative entre les fonds propres et la performance avec r= 0,732 ; P-valeur= 0,000<0,05, une influence négative non significative entre dettes financières et la performance avec r= -0,408 ; P- valeur=0,602>0,05 ; une très forte corrélation positive entre la structure du capital et la performance financière r = 82,2% ; P value= 0,000 <0,05. D’autre part ces résultats ont révélé une forte liaison linéaire positive entre la structure du capital et la performance financière avec R= 73.8% avec un bon pouvoir de prédiction des variables indépendantes. Une indication que les variables de la structure du capital expliquent le modèle de l’ordre de 54,5% de variance dans la performance financière contre 45,5% de variance inexpliquée. Les capitaux propres sont le grand contributeur (β=0,686, P-value=,000<0,05) Ensuite, viennent les dettes financières (β= -0,106, P-value=0,440>0,05) dans le modèle. Ces résultats impliquent que la contribution non significative des dettes financières avec des coefficients Beta négatifs dans le modèle signifie que la majorité de ces entreprises évite l’endettement. Elle préfère utiliser les fonds propres que les dettes financières dans la conduite des affaires et ne bénéficie pas de l’effet de levier financier (Mbangala & Corhay, 2010).


This study investigated the influence of teachers’ experience and qualification as determinants of their effectiveness in Colleges of Health, Science and Technology in South-West Nigeria. The purpose of the study was to determine the influence of teachers’ qualification and experience on their effectiveness in the class and also to determine the influence that teachers’ attitude would have on their effectiveness in the class in colleges of health, science and technology in southwest Nigeria. The study adopted descriptive research design of the survey type. The population consisted of all teachers in public colleges of health, science and technology in southwest Nigeria. The sample of this study was 315 teachers in public colleges of health, science and technology in southwest Nigeria which was selected through multi stage sampling procedure. Two instruments were used for this study which were; “Teachers’ Attitudinal Scale (TAC)” and “Teachers’ Effectiveness Questionnaire (TEQ). Face, content and construct validities of the instruments were ascertained by experts in Science Education, Basic Medical Science and Test, Measurement and Evaluation, corrections made were properly incorporated into the instrument to make it the final version. The reliability of the instruments were determined using Kuder Richardson and the reliability coefficient of 0.80 and 0.72 were obtained for TAC and TEQ respectively, these coefficients were considered relatively high enough to be used for the study. Data collected were analyzed appropriately; hypotheses 1 and 2 were analyzed with Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Hypothesis 3 was tested with Pearson Product Moment Correlation. The three hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The result showed that there is significant influence of teachers’ experience on their effectiveness, that there is significant influence of teachers’ qualification on their effectiveness and also that there is significant influence of attitude of teachers on their effectiveness in Colleges of Health, science and Technology in Southwest Nigeria.. Based on the findings of the study, it was concluded that teachers’ experience is a determinant to their effectiveness in the class. It was also concluded that teachers’ qualification contributes significantly to their effectiveness during teaching and learning in the class and finally that teachers’ attitude determined their effectiveness in colleges of health, science and technology Nigeria. It was therefore recommended that Teachers with more years of experience should be encouraged so as to be retained in colleges. Government and college management should allow teachers in Colleges of Health, science and Technology to attend in- service trainings, seminars, conferences and workshops on teachers’ attitude in order to improve their effectiveness in the class.

A comparative study of sexism and role stereotype of the female gender in Nigeria and Rwanda []

Gender role stereotypes and sexism over the years continues to be highly pervasive, manifesting in different dimensions and in different cultures in Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Women are under-represented in almost every sphere of social life including politics, commerce, agriculture, industry, military and educational institutions mainly due to gender roles constructed by the society. The major objective of this study is to evaluate sexism and stereotypes faced by women in both Nigeria and Rwanda.. This study therefore adopts the Liberal feminist theory and Marxist feminist theory as a framework because of its relative proficiency in gender analysis and the status of women as well as its potentials for the promotion and protection of women’s rights and indeed gender equality and the empowerment of women which are the necessary pre requisite for national development. Hence the study employs qualitative method by analyzing a wide range of finding from majorly secondary sources. The major finding in the study reveals that in the comparative analysis carried out on gender inequality between Nigeria and Rwanda; Nigeria is having greater gender inequality compared to Rwanda. Women enjoy greater benefits and there is presence of fewer stereotypes in Rwanda compared to Nigeria which is still heavily stereotypical in various social political and economic spheres. Recommendations given in the study implied that The Nigerian Government should encourage active participation from both females and males, that will help socialize people early on how harmful these stereotypes are in the society and to encourage young girls to be aware of their rights in order to build a more sustainable national development by trying to adopt means the Rwandan government has adopted in promoting gender equality in the country and encouraging the rise of feminists.


Abstrak: The Start Up business is a business that is currently in great demand by the public. There are many reasons that influence one of them is external and internal factors. Therefore, this study discusses the Effect of Business Competence, Business Environment and Digital Marketing on the Interest in Starting a Start Up Business with Creativity as an Intervening Variable.In this study using a quantitative approach. This type of research is inferential research. The population and sample in this study were members of the Surabaya student cooperative who were members of the AKMS as many as 100 members using saturated sampling techniques. The analysis technique used is Partial Least Square (PLS).The results in this study prove that digital marketing has no significant effect on creativity and interest in starting a start-up business, while the business environment and business competencies have a significant effect on creativity. The results also prove that business competence, business environment and creativity significantly influence the interest in starting a start-up business.

Occupational Stress Amongst Nurses in Tertiary care Hospital in Lahore, Punjab (Pakistan). []

Introduction: Nurses are the first line of defense of all health care systems. Objective: • To assess the stress level of Nurses in FMH. • To identify the Factors of Stress in Nurses of FMH • To assess the Coping Style of Stress in Nurses of FMH Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted on Nurses of Fatima memorial hospitals Lahore. Data was collected on a self-developed closed ended questionnaire. Responses were analyzed on SPSS using descriptive statistics. Table-1 Majority were female 121 out of 133 (91%) and unmarried were 76 out of 133 (57.1%). Majority participants 61(45.9%) were in the age of 26-30 years. Table-2 Presents that 28(21.7%) participants in high stress and 11.5% no stress due to time pressure and 22 (16.5%) participants in high stress and 16(12%) no stress due to time pressure. 30(23%) disagree, due to seniors’ not being helpful. 47(35.3%) neutral for all factors. Table-3 Revealed the factors of stress as 6(4.5%) stress strongly disagree due to high rates of death, seniors not helpful, too many patients at the same time and conflicts with colleagues. Table-4 Revealed as 54(40%) participants agree with the coping style of stress. 26(19.5%) participants no stress due to family safety. 38 (28.6%) participants very low stress due to caring for others. 33(25%) disagree, coping stress by medication Conclusion: The consequence of stress is not only affecting work performance, but also its effects on the individual’s physical and psychological health. Key Words: Nurses, Occupational, Tertiary, Stress level, Factors, Coping style.

Contribution of the Diode laser in Implantology []

For the past fifteen years, lasers have been used successfully in dentistry. Each laser is specific by its wavelength. The absorption of laser radiation in hard or soft tissues depends on this wavelength. Laser-assisted dental surgery techniques have become recognized and must be part of our therapeutic arsenal. Their integration in implantology opens new possibilities. Among the lasers used in implantology is the diode laser which has interesting characteristics in the fields of decontamination and bio-stimulation, but can also be used for its ablative action on soft tissues. However, the success of an assisted laser treatment remains conditioned by the adequacy between the clinical case, the establishment of a good indication and the choice of the adapted laser material, which implies and requires a good knowledge by the practitioner of the respective modes of action of the laser, its main indications and its therapeutic limits.